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Flashcards in Bacteriology Basics Deck (41)
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1

Neisseria meningitidis

Gram-, kidney bean, diplococci, oxidase positive, large capsule, URT, penicillin G, glucose, and maltose fermenter

2

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

gram-, kidney bean, diplococci, oxidase positive, genital tract, glucose, no maltose fermenter, Ceftriaxone

3

Bacillus anthracis

aerobic, gram+, spore forming rod, amino acid capsule, edema factor, lethal factor, protective antigen, penicillin G, non-motile

4

Bacillus cereus

aerobic, gram+, spore-forming rod, rice, superantigen

5

Clostridium tetani

anaerobic, gram+, spore-forming (at one end) rod, exotoxin,

6

Clostridium botulinum

anaerobic, gram +, spore-forming rod, soil, home-canning

7

Clostridium perfringens

anaerobic, gram+, spore-froming rod, soil and colon, gas gangrene and food poisoning, penicillin G

8

Clostridium difficile

anaerobic, gram+, spore-forming rod, colon, Metronidazole

9

Corynebacterium diphtheriae

club-shaped gram+ rods in V or L shape, metachromatic stain, aerobic, pharynx, penicillin G

10

Listeria monocytogenes

small, gram+, rod, aerobic, meningitis and gastroenteritis, actin rockets, B hemolytic, tumbling motility, ampicillin

11

Escherichia coli

faculative gram-, rod, lactose fermenter, no H2S, cholera- ETEC- LT and ST toxins, EPEC- diarrhea in infants; shigella- EHEC- bloody, EIEC, UTI sepsis

12

Salmonella typhi

faculative gram-, rod, non-lactose fermenter, H2S, motile, Vi antigen, ceftriaxone

13

Salmonella enteritidis

sepsis, enterocolitis, faculative, gram-, rod, non lactose fermenter, H2S, motile, colon

14

Shigella dysenteriae

enterocolitis, faculative gram-, rod, non-lactose fermenting, no H2S, nonmotile, colon

15

Vibrio cholera

comma-shape, gram-, oxidase+, colon

16

Vibrio parahaemolyticus

comma-shaped, gram-, oxidase+, diarrhea from seafood

17

Campylobacter jejuni

comma-shape, gram-, microaerophilic, grow >42C, fecal oral

18

Heliobacter pylori

curved gram-, peptic ulcer, urease+, amoxicillin, metronidazole

19

Klebsiella pneumoniae

faculative gram-, rod, large polysaccharide capsule, lactose+, pneumonia, UTI, sepsis, endotoxin, cephalosporins

20

Serratia marcescens

gram-, rod, HAP, UTI, red-pigment, similar to K. pneu, highly antibiotic resistant

21

Proteus species

UTI, sepsis, faculative gram-, rod, non-lactose, highly motile, urease+, H2S+, colon and soil, raises pH, swarming, trimethoprim-sulfa

22

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

aerobic, gram-, rod, non-lactose, blue-green, oxidase+, exotoxin A, wound infections, UTI, pneu, sepsis, resistance common

23

Bacteroides fragilis

anaerobic, gram- rod, colon, antiphagocytic capsule, sepsis, abdominal abscess, metronidazole

24

Haemophilus influenzae

small fram- coccobacillus, X and V needed for growth, sinusitis, otitis media, pneu, meningitis (not anymore), ceftriaxone

25

Bordetella pertussis

small, gram- rod, toxin stimulates adenylate cyclase, whooping cough, erythromycin

26

Legionella pneumonphila

gram- rod, needs inc Fe and cysteine for growth, water sources, smoking makes susceptible, azithromycin/erythromycin

27

Brucella species

small gram- rod, undulant fever, livestock, milk, tetracycline

28

Francisella tularensis

small fram- rod, rabbits, tularemia, streptomycin

29

Yersinia pestis

small gram- rod, safety pin staining, very virulent, wild rodents, the plague, V and W antigens, streptomycin

30

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

aerobic, acid-fast, rod, high lipid content of cell wall, slow growth, catalase +, granulomas, long-term therapy