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Surgical skills > Bandaging > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bandaging Deck (28):
1

What are indications for bandages?

1. support suture lines
2. early wound management
3. management of granulation tissue
4. owner convenience

2

What are the functions of pressure bandages?

1. obliterate dead sapce
2. reduce limb edema
3. control hemorrhage
4. control granulation tissue

3

What are the function of support bandages?

1. mechanical
2. circulatory
3. immobliziation

4

How does bandage affect wound environment?

1. pH and temperature effects--probably not true
2. topical medications

5

What are the properties of ideal bandage material?

1. inexpensive
2. coformable
3. capable of desired function
4. free of particular matter
5. inert
6. gas permeable
7. easily sterilzed
8. aesthetically pleasing

6

What are the three components of a bandage?

primary contact layer
secondary layer
tertiary layer

7

What is the role of the primary layer

dressing

8

What is the role of the secondary layers?

padding
absorption

9

What is the role of the tertiary layer?

occlusive

10

What are the different features that you want out of the primary layer?

1. sterile
2, maintain wound contact
3. conduct exudate (capillary)
4. adherent or non-adherent
5. occlusive or nonocclusive--nonocclusive better!

11

What are the different types of adherent bandages?

dry to dry
wet to dry
wet to wet

12

What is the most aggresive adherent bandage?

dry to dry

13

What is the least aggressive adherent bandage?

wet to wet

14

What is the role of dry to dry dresssings?

it is debriding dressing
1. open weave
2. remove exudate
3. remove dead tissue
4. remove superficial granulation tissue--good b/4 graft

15

What is the role of dry to dry dresssings?

it is debriding dressing
1. open weave
2. remove exudate
3. remove dead tissue
4. remove superficial granulation tissue--good b/4 graft

16

What is the role of wet to dry dressings?

1. debridement
2. reduces exudate viscosity--can liquefy insipated and dried exudate
3. enhanced capillary action
4. topical antibiotics--neomycin

for when the wound is starting to get cleaned up but there is still a lot of exudate

17

What is the role of wet to wet dressings?

1. minimal debridement
2. enhanced capillary action
3. minimal adherence
4. high lfuid producing wounds

when get to the poiint where the wound is health, can do this--good for actively serous producing wounds, doesn't pull granulation tissue off

18

What is the role of nonadherent dressings?

1. gentle on tissue

19

What are the types of non-adherent dressings? (occlusve etc)

1. occlusive
2. semi-occlusive
3. non-occlusive

20

What are three types of non-adherent dressing (primary layer?)

1. petrolatum impregnated
2. tefla
3. polyethylene glycol

21

What is the role of the secondary layer of a bandage?

1. absorption
2. pressure distribution
3. support

22

What is the classic material for the secondary layer in large animal?

cotton

23

What is the role of the tertiary layer?

1. pressure application
2. protection from the elements

24

What are some materials used in the tertiary layer?

vetwrap
elastiplast

25

How long is pressure present without elastics? with eleastics?

26

what is tie over bandage/stent bandage?

do on places of body wehre hard to bandage. suture bandage on/suture loops and then lace loops together over the bandage and fix with umbilical tape

27

What is a vacume bandage?

a suction apparatus with cotton dressing, catheteri, steridrape. suck drape down. good for trying to get graft to take

28

why don't you put tape on tape?

could create a constricting band