Flashcards in Barron's: Chapter 8 - Motivation and Emotion Deck (44):
- feelings or ideas that cause us to at toward a goal
- automatic behaviors performed in response to specific stimuli
Drive reduction theory
- the theory that our behavior is motivated by biological needs
- one of our requirements for survival
- is our impulse to act in a way that satisfies a need
- biological needs
- learned drives
- a balanced internal state
- states that we seek an optimum level of excitement or arousal
- states that performance increases with physiological or mental arousal, but only up to a point
Opponent-process theory of motivation
- states that people are usually at a normal, or baseline, state
- stimuli that we are drawn to due to learning
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
- a motivational theory in psychology comprising a five tier model of human needs, often depicted as hierarchical levels within a pyramid. Maslow wanted to understand what motivates people.
- a need to fulfill our unique potential as a person
- when simulated causes the animal to eat
- causes the animal to stop eating when it is stimulated
- describes how the hypothalamus might decide what impulse to send
- people who eat large amounts of food in a short period of time and then get rid of the food by vomiting, excessive exercise, or the use of laxatives. bulimics are obsessed with food and their weight
- people who starve themselves t below 85 percent of their normal body weight and refuse to eat due to their obsession with weight
- people are severely overweight, often by over 100 pounds, and the excess weight threatens their health. obese people typically have unhealthy eating habits rather than the food obsessions of the other two disorders
- a theory that tries to explain the motivations behind more complex behaviors
- rewards that we get for accomplishments from outside ourselves
- rewards we get internally, such as enjoyment or satisfaction
- systems theory are popular management theories. Theory X and Y, which addresses management strategies for workforce motivation, is also implemented to help increase worker productivity.
- occurs when you must choose between two desirable outcomes
- occurs when you must choose between tow unattractive outcomes
- occurs when one event or goal has botha ttractive and unattracive features
James-Lange theory of emotion
- we feel emotion because of biological changes caused by stress
Cannon-Bard theory of emotion
- similar physiological changes correspond with drastically different emotional states
- states that there are certain factors in the workplace that cause job satisfaction, while a separate set of factors cause dissatisfaction.
General adaptation syndrome (GAS)
- describes the genreal response animals have to a stressful event
- he best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
- he is best known for creating Maslow's hierarchy of needs, a theory of psychological health predicated on fulfilling innate human needs in priority, culminating in self-actualization
- best known as the senior member of the Masters and Johnson sexuality research team.
- best known as the member of the Johnson sexuality research team.
- was an American biologist, professor of entomology and zoology, and sexologist
- was an American philosopher and psychologist who was also trained as a physician.
- was a Danish physician who made contributions to the fields of neurology, psychiatry, and psychology.
- was an American physiologist, professor and chairman of the Department of Physiology at Harvard Medical School.
- was a physiologist at Harvard University, who is perhaps best known for his classic treatise on homeostasis.
- was an American social psychologist, who is perhaps best known for his development of the two factor theory of emotion in 1962 along with Jerome E. Singer.
- was a physician who is considered the father of American embalming
- examined the medical records of over 5,000 medical patients as a way to determine whether stressful events might cause illnesses