Barrons Set 8 Flashcards Preview

GRE Vocab > Barrons Set 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Barrons Set 8 Deck (500):
1

probe

explore with a probe or tools; investigate; N: slender instrument used to explore a wound or body cavity; device designed to investigate an unknown region; thorough investigation; Ex. space probe

2

probity

uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility

3

defalcate

embezzle

4

problematic

causing a problem; open to doubt; doubtful; unsettled; questionable; Ex. Whether the arena will ever be completed is problematic.

5

proclivity

inclination; natural tendency (esp. towards something bad)

6

procrastinate

postpone; delay or put off

7

procurement

obtaining; V. procure: obtain by effort; obtain (a prostitute) for another

8

prod

poke (with a pointed object); stir up; urge; goad to action; N: pointed object used to prod; prodding

9

prodigal

wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; Ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; N. prodigality

10

prodigious

enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory

11

prodigy

highly gifted child; person with exceptional talents; marvel; wonder

12

profane

violate; desecrate (something holy); treat unworthily; be profane for; ADJ: secular; nonreligious; irreverent for holy things

13

profligate

wasteful (of money); dissipated; wildly immoral; dissolute; N: profligate person; N. profligacy

14

profound

deep; not superficial; complete; Ex. profound thinker/remark/silence/deafness; N. profundity

15

profusion

great amount; plenty; overabundance; excess; lavish expenditure; Ex. profusion of choices; ADJ. profuse: plentiful; copious; giving or given abundantly; extravagant

16

progenitor

ancestor

17

progeny

children; offspring; descendants

18

prognosis

forecasted course of a disease; prediction; CF. prognostic

19

prognosticate

predict (according to present indications)

20

prohibitive

so high as to prohibit purchase or use; tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; prohibiting; inclined to prevent or forbid; Ex. prohibitive tax

21

projectile

missile; fired or thrown object (such as stone or bullet)

22

proletarian

member of the working class; blue collar guy; N. proletariat: working class (who have to work for wages)

23

proliferate

grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; N. proliferation

24

prolific

producing offspring or fruit in abundance; fertile; fecund; abundantly fruitful; producing abundant works; Ex. prolific writer

25

prolixity

tedious wordiness; verbosity; ADJ. prolix: wordy; verbose; diffuse

26

prologue

introduction (to a poem or play)

27

feud

bitter prolonged quarrel (usually between two peoples or families); V. CF. Romeo and Juliet; CF. feudal, feudalism

28

prolong

lengthen; extend; draw out

29

prominent

protruding(sticking out); conspicuous; notable; eminent

30

promiscuous

mixed indiscriminately; indiscriminate; not choosing carefully; indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners; irregular, particularly sexually; Ex. promiscuous life/girl; N. promiscuity

31

promontory

headland

32

promote

advance in rank; advance; help to flourish; advocate; help actively in forming; publicize or popularize; Ex. Milk promotes health; Ex. promote a match/bill; Ex. promote a new product

33

prompt

cause; urge; provoke; provide a cue (for an actor); ADJ: done without delay; done at the right time; punctual; on time; N: reminder or cue

34

cue

word or signal (as in a play to prompt another actor's speech or entrance); reminder or hint; V: give a cue to

35

promulgate

announce; proclaim a doctrine or law; make known by official publication

36

prone

inclined to; likely to (suffer); prostrate; lying with the front downward; Ex. prone to disease/make mistakes; Ex. accident-prone

37

propagate

increase in number by producing young; multiply; spread; Ex. Most plants propagate by seed; Ex. newspaper propagating their ideas

38

propellant(propellent)

substance which propels or drives forward (such as an explosive charge or a rocket fuel)

39

propensity

natural inclination

40

prophetic

of a prophet or prophecy; having to do with predicting the future; N. prophecy; V. prophesy; N. prophet

41

prophylactic

used to prevent disease; N: something prophylactic; condom; N. prophylaxis: prevention of disease

42

propinquity

nearness (in space or relationship); proximity; kinship

43

propitiate

appease; conciliate; make peaceful; ADJ. propitiatory

44

propitious

favorable; auspicious; advantageous; fortunate; Ex. propitious day/sign

45

horoscope

diagram of the positions of stars at a given moment (eg. of a person's birth) used by astrologers

46

proponent

supporter; backer; opposite of opponent

47

propound

put forth for consideration or analysis; set forth; Ex. propound a problem/theory

48

propriety

fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct; conformity to prevailing customs and usages; CF. proprietor, proprietary

49

usage

act or manner of using; accepted practice; way in which words are actually used

50

propulsive

driving forward; N. propulsion

51

prosaic

lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; CF. prose

52

proscenium

part of stage in front of curtain; front arch of a stage

53

proscribe

prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw

54

outlaw

fugitive from the law (excluded from legal protection); V: declare (someone) to be an outlaw; deprive of the protection of the law; declare illegal; Ex. Drinking has been outlawed.

55

proselytize

(induce someone to) convert to a religion or belief; N. proselyte: new convert to a doctrine or religion

56

prosody

art of versification; study of the metrical structure of verse

57

metrical

metric; written in the form of poetry; Ex. metrical translation of Homer

58

meter

arrangement of words in the form of poetry (by accentual rhythm)

59

prosperity

good fortune and financial success; physical well-being

60

prosper

become successful (esp. financially); thrive; grow well; Ex. children prospering under his care

61

prosperous

successful; rich; affluent; well-to-do; well-off

62

prostrate

stretch out full on ground; make prostrate; enervate; Ex. prostrating illness; ADJ: lying face down; having lost all strength

63

protean

able to take on many forms; versatile; CF. Proteus: sea god to change his shape at will

64

prot\'eg\'e

person receiving protection and support from a patron

65

protocol

diplomatic etiquette; ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats; first copy of a treaty before its ratification; Ex. Protocol demands that the queen meet him at the airport.

66

prototype

original work used as a model by others

67

protract

prolong; lengthen in time; draw out

68

protrude

stick out; jut; project; Ex. protruding teeth

69

protuberance

protrusion; swelling; bulge

70

bulge

protruding part; swelling of a surface; Ex. The apple made a bulge in his pocket; V: swell outward; protrude

71

provenance

place of origin; origin or source of something; Ex. Gunpowder is of Chinese provenance; CF. come

72

provender

dry food for livestock; fodder

73

provident

providing for future needs; displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies; OP. improvident

74

providence

quality of being provident; divine care; god's care; Providence: god; Ex. It seemed like providence that the doctor happened to be there; ADJ. providential: of divine providence; fortunate

75

provincial

pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated

76

provisional

tentative; temporary

77

proviso

stipulation; condition in an agreement; provision

78

provision

act of providing; something provided; preparatory measure; provisions: necessary supplies (esp. food); stipulation; condition in an agreement; Ex. According to the provisions of the agreement

79

provocative

arousing anger or sexual interest; annoying; Ex. provocative in tight jeans; V. provoke: incite to anger; cause (an unpleasant action or feeling); N. provocation

80

prowess

extraordinary ability; military bravery; Ex. prowess in battle

81

proximity

nearness; ADJ. proximate

82

proxy

authorized agent; authority to act for another

83

prude

excessively modest or proper person (who is easily shocked by improper things, esp. of a sexual nature); N. prudery; ADJ. prudish: excessively concerned with propriety

84

prudent

cautious; careful; prudential

85

prune

cut away; trim

86

prurient

having or causing lustful desires and thoughts; arousing immoderate sexual desire

87

pry

inquire impertinently (someone else's private affairs); use leverage to raise or open something; prize; N. pries: tool for prying

88

prize

pry; move with a lever; value highly; esteem; Ex. his most prized possession; N: something captured during war-time (esp. an enemy ship)

89

pseudonym

pen name; fictitious name assumed by an author; ADJ. pseudonymous

90

psyche

soul; mind

91

psychiatrist

doctor who treats mental diseases

92

psychic

of psyche; mental; of or possessing extraordinary mental powers

93

psychopathic

pertaining to mental dearrangement; N. psychopath: person with an antisocial personality disorder

94

psychosis

mental disorder; ADJ. N. psychotic

95

psychosomatic

of the influence of the mind on the body (esp. with respect to disease)

96

pterodactyl

extinct flying reptile; CF. wing+finger

97

puerile

childish; immature; CF. puer: boy

98

pugilist

boxer; CF. pugilism: boxing

99

pugnacity

combativeness; disposition to fight; ADJ. pugnacious: (of people) belligerent; combative in nature

100

puissant

powerful; strong; potent; N. puissance: power

101

pulchritude

beauty; comeliness; ADJ. pulchritudinous

102

pulmonary

pertaining to the lungs

103

pulsate

throb; beat regularly; vibrate regularly

104

pulse

rhythmical throbbing of arteries; brief sudden change in a normally constant quantity; V: pulsate

105

pulverize

crush or grind into very small particles

106

pummel

pommel; beat or pound with fists

107

punctilious

minutely attentive (perhaps too much so) to fine points; stressing niceties of conduct or form; N. punctilio, punctiliousness: careful attention payed to every small exact detail

108

pundit

authority on a subject; expert; learned person

109

pungent

stinging; acrid; sharp in taste or smell; (of speech or writing) caustic; N. pungency

110

punitive

punishing; Ex. punitive measures

111

puny

tiny; weak; insignificant

112

purchase

secure grasp or hold; firm grasp or footing

113

purgatory

place of spiritual expiation; temporary state or place in which the souls must expiate their sins

114

purge

remove or get rid of something or someone unwanted; eliminate; free from blame or guilt; cleanse or purify (esp. of sin, guilt, or defilement); N.

115

purport

intention; purpose; meaning; V: claim; profess; Ex. order which purports to be signed by the general

116

purported

alleged; claimed; reputed or rumored; Ex. purported Satanists

117

rooster

cock; adult male chicken

118

rabble

mob; noisy crowd

119

purse

pucker; contract (lips) into wrinkles; N: wallet

120

pucker

gather into wrinkles or folds; N: wrinkle or fold

121

purveyor

furnisher of foodstuffs; caterer; V. purvey: supply (eg. food); furnish; CF. provide

122

pusillanimous

cowardly; lacking courage; fainthearted

123

putative

supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such; Ex. putative father of the child

124

putrid

decayed and foul-smelling; foul; rotten; decayed; N. putridity

125

putrefy

make or become putrid; N. putrefaction

126

putrescent

becoming putrid; putrefying

127

gangrene

decay of body tissue caused by insufficient blood supply (usually following injury); ADJ. gangrenous

128

pyromaniac

person with an insane desire to set things on fire

129

quack

charlatan; impostor

130

quadruped

four-footed animal; ADJ. CF. biped

131

quaff

drink with zest; drink with relish(zest; hearty enjoyment)

132

quagmire

bog; marsh; soft, wet, boggy land; predicament; complex or dangerous situation from which it is difficult to free oneself

133

bog

soft wet land; V: hinder or be hindered; Ex. bogged down in the mud

134

quail

cower; shrink back in fear; lose heart

135

quaint

odd in an old-fashioned way; odd; old-fashioned; picturesque

136

qualified

limited; restricted; V. qualify: limit the meaning of; modify

137

qualms

uneasy feelings; misgivings; uneasy fears especially about matters of conscience; Ex. I have no qualms about giving this assignment to Helen.

138

quandary

dilemma; state of uncertainty; Ex. She is in a quandary about whether to go.

139

quarantine

isolation of a person, place, or ship to prevent spread of infection; V: isolate in quarantine

140

quarry

person or animal of pursuit; victim; object of a hunt; prey

141

quarry

dig into (to get stone); N: mine

142

bank

heap; piled-up mass; embankment; lateral tilting (as of an aircraft in turning); V: pile up; protect with a bank; tilt in turning

143

quash

crush; suppress; squash; subdue; annul; Ex. quash a rebellion/the decision of the low court

144

squash

crush; quash; suppress

145

quay

dock; wharf; pier; landing place (for boats)

146

queasy

experiencing nausea; nauseated; easily nauseated; squeamish; Ex. feel a little queasy

147

quell

suppress; put an end to; put down forcibly; extinguish; quiet; Ex. "Army Quells Rebellion'' in newspaper; CF. kill

148

quench

assuage or satisfy (thrust); slake; douse or extinguish; put out; suppress

149

squelch

produce a splashing sound (when stepping through mud); crush; squash

150

querulous

given to complaining; complaining; fretful; whining

151

whine

complain (in a sad voice); make a high sad sound (as in pain or supplication)

152

query

inquiry; question; V.

153

queue

line (of waiting people or vehicles)

154

quibble

minor objection or complaint; V: raise minor objections; carp; cavil

155

quiescent

dormant; temporarily inactive; at rest; N. quiescence

156

quietude

tranquillity; calmness

157

quintessence

purest and highest embodiment; perfect example; apotheosis; most essential element; Ex. quintessence of wit; ADJ. quintessential; CF. fifth essence

158

quip

taunt; clever sarcastic remark; V.

159

taunt

deride or provoke; challenge in derision; N.

160

quirk

sudden sharp turn or twist; startling twist; caprice; idiosyncrasy; peculiarity of behavior; Ex. by a quirk of fate

161

quisling

traitor who aids invaders; CF. Vidkun Quisling

162

quiver

case for arrows

163

quiver

tremble; shake; N.

164

leash

restraining rope fastened to the collar of an animal (to control it); Ex. a dog on a leash

165

quixotic

idealistic but impractical; CF. Don Quixote

166

quizzical

curious; suggesting puzzlement (without saying); questioning; teasing; mocking; bantering; Ex. quizzical glance

167

quorum

minimal number of members necessary to conduct a meeting

168

quotidian

daily; commonplace; customary; Ex. quotidian routine

169

rabid

of or suffering rabies; like a fanatic; extremely zealous; furious; CF. rabies: hydrophobia

170

raconteur

story-teller; one who tells stories with wit and skill

171

ragamuffin

dirty child in torn clothes; person wearing tattered clothes

172

tatter

torn piece of cloth; ADJ. tattered: (of clothes) old and torn; (of a person) dressed in old torn clothes

173

rail

complain bitterly; scold; rant; Ex. the weaker railing against injustices

174

raiment

clothing; garments; Ex. I have no raiment fit to wear.

175

rakish

jaunty; stylish; sporty; morally corrupt; dissolute; Ex. He wore his hat at a rakish and jaunty angle.

176

rake

angle of a slope; V: slant from the perpendicular

177

rake

immoral or dissolute person

178

rally

come or bring together; call up or summon (forces, vital powers, etc.); revive or recuperate (after illness or difficulty); N: act of rallying; mass gathering

179

ramble

wander aimlessly (physically or mentally); digress

180

ramification

branching out; subdivision; one branch of a system; one of the results following from an action or decision; Ex. ramifications of a business/the decision

181

ramify

branch out; divide into branches or subdivisions

182

ramp

slope; inclined plane or roadway (connecting two levels)

183

rampant

growing or spreading uncontrollably; growing in profusion; unrestrained; Ex. rampant lawlessness/weed

184

rampart

defensive mound of earth

185

ramshackle

(of a building or vehicle) poorly constructed; rickety; falling apart

186

rickety

(of buildings) likely to break or fall apart; of rickets; CF. rickets; CF. vitamin D

187

ransack

search thoroughly; pillage (going through a place); Ex. Enemy soldiers ransacked the town.

188

rancid

having the odor of stale or decomposing fat; rank

189

rank

offensive in odor or flavor

190

rancor

long-lasting hatred; bitterness; Ex. negotiation without rancor; ADJ. rancorous

191

random

without definite purpose, plan, or aim; haphazard; Ex. random shots; Ex. chosen at random

192

lot

object used in making a determination at random; fate; piece of land

193

draw

choosing of a lot or card

194

lottery

contest in which winners are selected in a drawing of lots

195

raffle

lottery; V: award as a prize in a raffle; Ex. raffle off a new car

196

rankle

irritate; fester; annoy

197

rant

speak violently or excitedly; rave; talk excitedly showing anger; scold; make a grandiloquent speech; Ex. The priest ranted about the devil.

198

rapacious

voracious; ravenous; taking everything one can; excessively grasping; plundering; subsisting on live prey; Ex. rapacious birds

199

rapport

close relationship; emotional closeness; harmony

200

rapt

engrossed; absorbed; enchanted; Ex. rapt listener

201

rarefied

made less dense (of a gas); V. rarefy: make less dense; N. rarefaction

202

rare

(of air) thin in density; rarefied; Ex. rare air of the mountains

203

raspy

making a harsh noise; grating; harsh

204

rasp

(of a sound) grate on (eg. nerves); make a harsh noise; have an unpleasant effect; rub with something rough; Ex. The cat's tongue rasped my hand.

205

ratify

approve formally; confirm; verify

206

ratiocination

reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises; V. ratiocinate: reason logically

207

rationale

fundamental reason or principle (on which a system or principle is based); fundamental reason or justification; grounds for an action

208

rationalize

make rational; devise false reasons for (one's behavior); offer an excuse; give a plausible reason for an action in place of a true, less admirable ones; N. rationalization

209

rational

(of a person) having reason; (of ideas) based on reason; logical

210

ration

fixed portion; V: distribute as rations

211

raucous

(of voice) harsh and unpleasant; (of people) disorderly and boisterous; Ex. raucous shouts

212

ravage

devastate; plunder; despoil; Ex. crops ravaged by storms

213

maraud

move in search of plunder; Ex. marauding army

214

rave

overwhelmingly favorable review; V: talk wildly as if mad; Ex. raving lunatic

215

ravel

fall apart into tangles; entangle; unravel or untwist

216

ravenous

extremely hungry; voracious

217

ravine

narrow valley with steep sides; gorge; CF. gully, canyon

218

raze

destroy completely; Ex. raze the city to the ground

219

reactionary

strongly opposed to social or political change; opposing progress; politically ultraconservative; N. OP. radical

220

reinstate

restore to a previous condition or position

221

realm

kingdom; field or sphere; Ex. not within the realms of possibility

222

reaper

one who harvests grain; Ex. the Grim Reaper; V. reap: cut and gather (crop); harvest a crop

223

rebate

return of part of a payment; discount; V.

224

rebuff

reject bluntly; snub; beat back; Ex. She rebuffed his invitation; N.

225

snub

ignore or behave coldly toward; Ex. I made a suggestion but she snubbed me; N.

226

rebuke

scold harshly; criticize severely

227

rebus

representation of words in the form of pictures or symbols; puzzle in which pictures or letters stand for words; Ex. ``R U 18'' is a rebus for ``Are you 18''.

228

rebuttal

refutation; response with contrary evidence; V. rebut: refute; disprove

229

recalcitrant

disobedient or resisting authority even after being punished; obstinately stubborn; determined to resist authority; unruly; Ex. recalcitrant child

230

recant

disclaim or disavow; retract a previous statement; openly confess error; Ex. recant one's faith/a statement

231

recapitulate

summarize

232

recast

reconstruct (a sentence, story, statue, etc.); fashion again

233

fashion

give shape to; make; Ex. fashion the pot out of clay

234

receptive

quick or willing to receive (ideas, suggestions, etc.); Ex. receptive to the proposal

235

recession

withdrawal; retreat; time of low economic activity

236

recess

pause; temporary cessation; alcove; secret inner place; Ex. parliament in recess; V. CF. recessive

237

recidivism

habitual return to crime (even after being punished); N. recidivist

238

recipient

receiver

239

reciprocal

mutual; given and received in return; exchangeable; interacting; Ex. reciprocal trade agreement

240

reciprocate

do or give something in return; repay in kind; give or take mutually; interchange; move backwards and forwards; Ex. reciprocate his invitation by inviting him; N. reciprocity: reciprocal relationship; mutual interchange of advantages between two groups; Ex. reciprocity in trading rights

241

recluse

hermit; loner; ADJ. reclusive

242

reconcile

make friendly again (after quarrel); make consistent (two ideas in opposition); correct inconsistencies; Ex. reconcile one's political principles with one's religious beliefs

243

recondite

abstruse; not easily understood; profound; secret

244

reconnaissance

survey of enemy by soldiers; reconnoitering; V. reconnoiter: make a preliminary inspection of (esp. to gather military information)

245

recount

narrate or tell (a story); count over again

246

recourse

resorting to help when in trouble; Ex. without recourse to

247

resort

turn to for help; Ex. resort to violence; N.

248

makeshift

temporary expedient or substitute (in the case of urgent need); Ex. makeshift shelter

249

recreant

disloyal; cowardly; N: disloyal and cowardly person

250

recrimination

countercharges; V. recriminate

251

rectify

set right; correct; CF. rect-: right

252

rectitude

moral correctness; moral uprightness; moral virtue; correctness of judgment

253

recumbent

reclining; lying down completely or in part

254

recline

lie down

255

recuperate

recover; return to health; regain; Ex. recuperate losses

256

recurrent

occurring again and again

257

redolent

odorous; fragrant; suggestive (of an odor); Ex. redolent of onions/mystery

258

redoubtable

formidable; causing fear

259

redress

remedy; compensation; Ex. seek redress for the damage to your car; V: put right; remedy or rectify (a wrong); make amends for

260

redundant

superfluous; more than is necessary; verbose; excessively wordy; repetitious

261

reek

emit (an unpleasant odor or smoke); give off an unpleasant odor; give out smoke; Ex. reeking chimney; N: unpleasant odor; stench

262

stench

strong foul odor; reek; stink

263

stink

stench; V: emit a strong foul odor

264

refectory

dining hall; room where meals are served (in a school)

265

refraction

bending of a ray of light

266

refractory

unmanageable; disobedient and stubborn; Ex. refractory horse

267

refrain

abstain from; resist; forbear; N: chorus

268

chorus

phrase repeated throughout a song or poem

269

refulgent

effulgent; brilliant; brightly shining; gleaming; Ex. refulgent moon

270

gleam

brief flash of light; glow; V.

271

refurbish

renovate; make clean, bright, or fresh (make new) again; make bright by polishing; Ex. refurbish an old theater; CF. furbish: polish

272

refute

disprove; prove to be false; N. refutation

273

regal

royal; of a monarch; Ex. regal manner

274

regale

entertain

275

regatta

boat or yacht race

276

regeneration

spiritual rebirth; Ex. regeneration of the prisoners; V. regenerate: give or obtain new life; reform spiritually

277

penology

study of prison management and criminal rehabilitation

278

regicide

murder of a king or queen

279

regime

method of system or government

280

regimen

prescribed course of diet or exercise; prescribed diet and habits; Ex. daily regimen of a dancer

281

regiment

military unit; V: subject to strict order; Ex. regimented society

282

rehabilitate

restore to proper condition (health or useful life); restore the former rank of

283

reimburse

repay; pay back

284

reiterate

repeat

285

rejoinder

reply; retort; comeback; V. rejoin: say in reply

286

comeback

retort; quick clever reply; return to former status

287

rejuvenate

make young again

288

relegate

put into a lower or worse place; banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign; Ex. relegate the old furniture to the children's room; Ex. relegated to the second division

289

relent

become less severe; give in(surrender); ADJ. relentless: unyielding; continuously severe

290

relevant

having importance; pertinent; referring to the case in hand; N. relevance, relevancy

291

relic

surviving remnant (from an extinct culture); memento; keepsake; relics: corpse; Ex. ancient relics; Ex. relics of his travel; Ex. His relics are buried at X.

292

relinquish

give up something (with reluctance); yield; release; Ex. relinquish power/the claim to the land/his hold on my arm

293

relish

enjoy; savor; N: enjoyment; zest

294

remediable

reparable

295

reminiscence

recollection; V. reminisce: recollect the past

296

reminiscent

suggestive of something (in the past); of reminiscence

297

remiss

negligent; careless about a duty

298

remission

temporary moderation (of disease symptoms); remitting of a debt or punishment; cancelation of a debt; pardon; Ex. The disease went into remission; Ex. Christians pray for the remission of sins.

299

remit

transmit (money) in payment; free someone from a debt or punishment

300

remittance

remitting of money; amount of money remitted

301

remnant

remainder

302

remonstrate

protest; objection; V. remonstrate: say in protest

303

remorse

deep regret for wrongdoing; guilt; self-reproach

304

remunerative

(of work) compensating; rewarding; profitable; well-paid; V. remunerate: reward; pay (someone) for work or trouble

305

rend

split; tear apart; N. rent; CF. heartrending: causing deep sorrow

306

render

give; deliver; provide; represent in verbal or artistic form; depict; perform; make; translate; Ex. render the song beautifully

307

rendezvous

meeting place; meeting at a set time or place; V.

308

rendition

rendering; translation; artistic interpretation of a song, etc

309

renegade

deserter; traitor; ADJ.

310

renege

break a promise; deny; go back on; Ex. renege on the contract/paying off the debt

311

renounce

abandon; give up (by formal announcement); disown; repudiate; Ex. renounce one's claim to the property/one's religion; N. renunciation

312

renovate

restore to good condition; renew

313

renown

fame; ADJ. renowned

314

herald

messenger; sign of something to come; V: announce; proclaim; Ex. unheralded researcher

315

rent

tear made by rending; rip; split

316

reparable

capable of being repaired

317

reparation

compensation (for loss or wrong); amends; Ex. make reparation for the damage; CF. repair

318

repartee

quick clever reply

319

repast

meal; feast; banquet

320

repeal

revoke; annul

321

repel

drive away; disgust; Ex. repel the attack/moisture; Ex. repelled by the dirty room; CF. repulsion

322

repellent

driving away; disgusting; offensive; repulsive; unattractive; N.

323

repercussion

rebound; reaction; reverberation; Ex. serious repercussion

324

repertoire

list of works of music, drama, etc., a performer is prepared to present; CF. repertory

325

repine

fret; complain; be annoyed; Ex. repine over the undone work

326

replenish

fill up again

327

replete

fully filled; filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied; Ex. report replete with errors

328

memoir

memoirs; autobiography; biography

329

brim

uppermost edge of a cup; projecting rim (as on a hat); Ex. The glass was full to the brim; V: be full to the brim

330

replica

copy

331

replicate

reproduce; duplicate

332

repository

storehouse

333

repose

resting; state of being at rest; calmness; V: lie at rest; relax; put or place; Ex. repose our hopes in a single man

334

reprehensible

deserving blame; blameworthy; V. reprehend: blame

335

repress

hold back (the natural expression of); restrain; crush; oppress; Ex. repressed child; Ex. repress a laugh/rebellion

336

reprieve

postponement or cancelation of a punishment; temporary stay; V: postpone or cancel the punishment of

337

reprimand

reprove severely; rebuke; N.

338

reprisal

retaliation

339

reprise

musical repetition; repeating of a piece of music; repeat performance; recurrent action; Ex. reprise in the finale; Ex. constant reprises

340

reproach

blame (not angrily but sadly); express disapproval or disappointment; N. ADJ. reproachful

341

reprobate

morally disapproved person; person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency; CF. disapproved by God ?

342

reprobation

severe disapproval; CF. approbation

343

reprove

censure; rebuke; N. reproof

344

repudiate

disown; disavow; deny

345

repugnance

disgust; strong dislike; loathing; ADJ. repugnant: arousing disgust; repulsive

346

repulsion

distaste; disgust; act of driving back; ADJ. repulsive: causing disgust; tending to drive away; V. repel (not `repulse')

347

repulse

reject with rudeness or coldness (an offer or friendship); drive back (an enemy attack); CF. repulse $\neq$ cause repulsion

348

reputable

respectable; having a good reputation

349

reputed

supposed; Ex. reputed father of the child; V. repute: consider; N. repute: reputation; esteem

350

requiem

mass for the dead; dirge

351

mass

Christian religious ceremony; CF. Mass: ceremony of the Eucharist

352

requisite

necessary requirement; something required; ADJ: required; necessary

353

requisition

formal demand or request; Ex. requisition for more computing equipment; V.

354

requite

make return for; repay; reciprocate; revenge; N. requittal

355

rescind

repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)

356

resentment

indignation; bitterness; displeasure; V. resent: feel anger about

357

reserve

self-control; self-restraint; formal but distant manner; reticence; Ex. without reserve: freely and openly; ADJ. reserved: shy and uncommunicative

358

residue

remainder; balance

359

residual

remaining; left over; of a residue; N: residue

360

resignation

patiently submissiveness; statement that one is quitting a job; ADJ. resigned: acquiescent

361

resign

give up (a position, right, or claim); submit (oneself) passively

362

resilient

elastic; having the power of springing back; able to recover quickly (as from misfortune)

363

elastic

able to spring back into shape; quick to recover (as from disappointment); able to adapt to change; Ex. elastic plans; N: elastic material

364

resolution

determination; resoluteness; ADJ. resolute: firm or determined in purpose

365

resolve

determination; resolution; firmness of purpose

366

resolve

decide; settle; solve; separate; make a determined decision; N. resolution

367

resonant

(of a sound) echoing; resounding(sounding loudly); deep and full in sound; producing resonance; Ex. resonant voice; N. resonance

368

resound

(of a place) be filled with sound; (of a sound) sound loudly; sound back; echo; Ex. hall resounded with laughter

369

respiration

breathing; exhalation; ADJ. respiratory

370

respite

time for rest; interval of relief; delay in punishment; reprieve

371

resplendent

brilliant; splendid in appearance; dazzling; glorious

372

responsiveness

state of reacting readily to appeals, orders, etc.; ADJ. responsive: readily reacting; Ex. responsive to treatment

373

restitution

returning something (lost or stolen) to the rightful owner; reparation; indemnification; compensation for loss, damage, or injury

374

restive

impatiently restless (induced by external coercion or restriction); restlessly impatient; obstinately resisting control; Ex. restive horses because of wolves; CF. not a general synonym for `restless'

375

restraint

moderation or self-control; controlling force; restriction

376

resumption

taking up again; recommencement; V. resume: begin or take up again; take or occupy again; Ex. Kindly resume your seats.

377

resurge

rise again; flow to and fro; N. resurgence; ADJ. resurgent: (of ideas or beliefs) experiencing revival; surging again

378

resurrect

revive

379

resuscitate

revive; bring back to life or consciousness; Ex. resuscitate the drowned child

380

retain

keep; maintain possession of; employ (esp. a lawyer or advisor); N. retainer: servant; fee paid to retain an advisor

381

retaliate

repay in kind (usually for bad treatment); V. retaliate

382

retentive

holding; able to retain things (esp. facts in the mind); having a good memory

383

reticent

inclined to silence; uncommunicative; reserved; Ex. He was reticent about the reasons; N. reticence

384

retinue

following; attendants

385

retiring

shy and reserved (of a person); modest; Ex. her retiring personality

386

retort

quick sharp reply; V.

387

retract

withdraw; take back; draw back; Ex. retract a statement/an offer/claws; N. retraction; CF. retractile

388

retrench

cut down; cut down expenses; economize

389

retribution

deserved punishment for wrongdoing; punishment for offenses; compensation; vengeance; CF. pay back

390

retrieve

recover; put right; find and bring in; regain; Ex. retrieve the situation

391

retroactive

taking effect before its enactment (as a law) or imposition (as a tax); (of a law) having effect on the past as well as the future

392

enact

make (a bill) into law

393

retrograde

go backwards; recede; degenerate; deteriorate; ADJ.

394

retrospective

looking back on the past; N. retrospection; V. retrospect

395

revelry

boisterous merrymaking; V. revel: engage boisterous festivities; enjoy greatly; N: boisterous festivity or celebration

396

reverberate

echo repeatedly; resound; Ex. The thunder reverberated across the valley.

397

reverent

respectful; worshipful; V. revere: regard with reverence; N. reverence: profound respect

398

reverend

deserving reverence; N: priest

399

reverie

daydream; abstracted musing

400

revert

relapse; backslide; turn back to; return to the former owner; N. reversion

401

relapse

return to a former state (esp. after improvement); N.

402

backslide

revert (to bad habits); N. reverter

403

revile

attack with abusive language; vilify(slander)

404

revoke

cancel; retract; CF. irrevocable

405

revulsion

sudden strong feeling of disgust; sudden violent change of feeling; negative reaction; Ex. revulsion from the scenes of torture

406

rhapsodize

speak or write in an exaggeratedly enthusiastic manner; Ex. rhapsodize over the beauty of the scenery

407

rhapsody

excessively enthusiastic expression of feeling; musical composition of irregular form (as if made up as one plays it)

408

rhetoric

art of effective communication; art of using language effectively and persuasively; style of speaking or writing; grandiloquent language; Ex. political rhetoric; ADJ. rhetorical; CF. rhetorical question: question to which no answer is expected as ``Who knows it ?''

409

ribald

marked by vulgar lewd humor; wanton; profane; N. ribaldry: ribald language or joke

410

riddle

pierce with holes; permeate or spread throughout; Ex. The gunman riddled the car with bullets; Ex. The whole report is riddled with errors; N. large sieve (separating earth from stone)

411

rider

amendment or clause added to a legislative bill

412

rife

(of something bad) widespread; abundant; current

413

rift

narrow opening in a large mass; break in a friendly relation; Ex. through a rift in the clouds; OP. reconcilation

414

rig

fix or manipulate; manipulate dishonestly for personal gain; Ex. rig the election

415

rig

arrangement of masts and sails; V: equip (a ship) with rigging; ADJ. rigging: ropes that hold up a ship's sails

416

rigid

hard and unbending; stiff and unyielding; fixed in behavior or views; strict; rigorous; Ex. rigid rule

417

rigor

severity; Ex. rigors of the Russian winter

418

rile

irritate; vex; muddy

419

riveting

holding one's attention; absorbing; engrossing

420

rivet

metal pin used for fastening metal plates together; V: fasten with a rivet; engross

421

rivulet

small stream; CF. rill < rivulet < river

422

robust

strong; vigorous

423

rococo

ornate; highly decorated; N. CF. 18th century

424

roil

make liquids murky by stirring up sediment; disturb

425

roseate

rosy; optimistic; Ex. roseate views

426

roster

list (of names)

427

rostrum

raised platform for speech-making; pulpit

428

pulpit

raised platform used in preaching (in a church)

429

rote

repetition; memorization through repetition without understanding; Ex. learn poetry by rote

430

rotunda

circular building or hall covered with a dome

431

rotundity

roundness; sonorousness of speech

432

rotund

(of a person) fat and round

433

rousing

lively; inducing excitement; stirring; V. rouse: waken; arouse from sleep or depression; excite; stir up

434

rout

put to rout; stampede; drive out; N: complete defeat and disorderly retreat

435

stampede

sudden frenzied rush (of panic-stricken animals or people); V: participate in or cause stampede; Ex. stampede before the price rises

436

rubble

fragments (esp. from a destroyed building)

437

mason

one who builds or works with stone or brick; N. masonry: work of a mason; stonework or brickwork

438

rubric

title or heading (in red print); directions for religious ceremony; protocol

439

ruddy

reddish; (of the face) reddish and healthy-looking

440

rudimentary

elementary; not developed; crude; N. rudiment: fundamental element or principle; Ex. rudiments of the language

441

rue

regret; lament; mourn; Ex. He will rue the day; N. ADJ. rueful

442

ruffian

violent scoundrel; bully

443

ruminate

chew over and over (mentally or, like cows, physically); mull over(ponder)

444

ruminant

animal that ruminates; ADJ.

445

rummage

ransack; thoroughly search

446

runic

mysterious; set down in an ancient alphabet; N. rune: one of the letters of an alphabet used by ancient Germanic peoples (cut on stone or wood); magic charm

447

ruse

trick to deceive; stratagem

448

rustic

pertaining to country people; unsophisticated; simple; crude; uncouth; (of furniture) rough with the bark left on; N. rural person; rustic person

449

rusticate

banish to the country; dwell in the country

450

ruthless

pitiless; merciless; cruel

451

saboteur

one who commits sabotage; destroyer of property; N. sabotage: destruction of property (usually carried out secretly)

452

saccharine

cloying sweet; characteristic of sugar or saccharin

453

sacrilegious

desecrating; profane; N. sacrilege: desecration, misuse, or theft of something sacred

454

sacrosanct

invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable

455

sadistic

inclined to cruelty; N. sadism: delight in cruelty

456

saga

Scandinavian myth; any legend; long heroic narrative

457

sagacious

wise; perceptive; shrewd; having insight; N. sagacity

458

sage

person celebrated for wisdom; wise person; ADJ: wise

459

salacious

lascivious; lustful; Ex. salacious monk

460

salient

prominent; projecting beyond a line; conspicuous; Ex. salient features

461

saline

salty

462

sallow

(of the skin) yellowish and unhealthy-looking; sickly in color; Ex. sallow complexion due to jaundice

463

salubrious

healthful; conducive to health or well-being; socially desirable; Ex. salubrious area; CF. health

464

salutary

tending to improve; beneficial; wholesome; Ex. The punishment had a salutary effect on the boy; CF. health

465

salvage

rescue (goods or property) from loss; N: saving; property saved

466

sanctimonious

displaying ostentatious or hypocritical devoutness; N. sanctimony: hypocritical piety

467

sanction

approve; ratify; N: permission; penalty intended to enforce compliance

468

sanctuary

place of refuge; shelter; shrine; holy place; Ex. The outlaw was granted sanctuary in the church.

469

sanguinary

bloody; with much bloodshed

470

sanguine

optimistic; cheerful; hopeful; of the color of blood; red

471

sap

diminish; weaken; undermine the foundations of (a fortification); Ex. The element kryptonite sapped his strength.

472

sarcasm

cutting ironic remark; scornful remarks; stinging rebuke; ADJ. sarcastic

473

sardonic

scornfully mocking; disdainful; sarcastic; cynical; Ex. sardonic smile

474

sartorial

pertaining to tailors or tailoring; Ex. a man of great sartorial elegance; CF. sartor: tailor

475

sate

satisfy to the full; satisfy to excess; cloy

476

doze

sleep lightly; nap

477

satellite

small body revolving around a larger one

478

satiate

satisfy fully (physical needs such as hunger); sate; N. satiety: condition of being satiated

479

satire

form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly

480

satirical

using satire; mocking

481

saturate

soak thoroughly; imbue; impregnate; charge; fill to capacity

482

saturnine

morose; gloomy; Ex. Do not be misled by his saturnine countenance.

483

satyr

half-human, half-bestial being in the court of Dionysus (resembling a goat), portrayed as wanton(unrestrained) and cunning; lecher; CF. faun; CF. goat: lecherous man

484

saunter

stroll(go for a leisurely walk) slowly; N.

485

savant

scholar; learned person; CF. savoir: know

486

savor

enjoy; have a distinctive flavor, smell, or quality; N: taste or smell; distinctive quality

487

savory

pleasant in taste; tasty; pleasing, attractive, or agreeable; Ex. savory reputation

488

scabbard

case for a sword blade; sheath

489

scad

a great quantity; Ex. scads of clothes

490

scaffold

temporary platform for workers (to work at heights above the ground); bracing framework; platform for execution

491

scale

climb up; ascend; remove or come off in scales; N: flake of epidermis; ascending or descending series of musical tones

492

scanty

meager; insufficient

493

scapegoat

someone who bears the blame for others; whipping boy; CF. escape+goat

494

scavenge

hunt through discarded materials for usable items or food; search, especially for food; N. scavenger: one who scavenges; animal that feeds on refuse and carrion

495

refuse

anything discarded or rejected as worthless; trash

496

scenario

plot outline; screenplay(script for a movie); opera libretto; outline of possible future events

497

schematic

of a schema or scheme; relating to an outline or diagram; using a system of symbols; N. schema: diagrammatic representation; outline

498

scheme

systematic plan; plot; clever dishonest plan; orderly arrangement of elements; Ex. health insurance scheme; Ex. a scheme to escape taxes; Ex. a color scheme; Ex. a story with no scheme; V: contrive a scheme

499

schism

division into factions (esp. within a religious body); split

500

scintilla

trace; minute amount; shred; least bit; Ex. There is not a scintilla of truth; CF. spark