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Flashcards in Bartending Basics Deck (54):
1

Alabama Slammer

  • 1/2 oz Southern Comfort
  • 1/2 oz Amaretto
  • 1/2 oz sloe gin
  • Dash of fresh lemon juice
  • Cherry or lemon slice

2

Apple Martini

  • 1-1/2 oz. vodka (regular or apple flavored)
  • ½ oz. apple liqueur
  • Splash of lemon juice
  • Apple slice or apple candy

3

Bahama Mama

  • ½ oz. 151-proof rum
  • ½ oz. coconut rum
  • ½ oz. dark rum
  • ½ oz. coffee liqueur
  • 4 oz. pineapple juice
  • Juice of ½ a fresh lemon
  • Fresh fruit

4

Black Russian

  • 1-½ oz. vodka
  • ¾ oz. Kahlua

5

Black Velvet

  • 1 oz. Guinness or other stout
  • 3 oz. champagne

6

Bloody Mary

  • 1-1/2 oz. Vodka
  • 3 oz. tomato juice
  • ½ oz. fresh lemon juice
  • Few drops of Worcestershire Sauce, to taste
  • Freshly ground black pepper
  • Dash of celery salt
  • Grated horseradish
  • Tabasco sauce
  • Lemon wedge and celery stick

7

Classic Martini

  • 1-1/2 oz. gin (or vodka)
  • ½ oz. dry vermouth
  • Lemon peel or olive

Note: For a Dirty Martini, add a splash of olive brine.

8

Cosmopolitan

  • 2 oz. vodka
  • 2 oz. cranberry juice
  • 1 oz. fresh lime juice
  • ¾ oz. Cointreau
  • Lime wedge

9

Gin and Tonic

  • Gin
  • Tonic water
  • Lime wedge

10

Irish Coffee

  • 1-½ oz. Irish or blended whiskey
  • 1-½ oz. tsp. sugar
  • 4 oz. hot, strong, black coffee
  • Sprinkle of cinnamon or chocolate curls
  • Whipped cream

11

Kamikaze

  • 1-½ oz. vodka
  • 1 oz. triple sec
  • 1 oz. fresh lime juice

12

Lemon Drop

  • 1-1/2 oz. lemon-flavored vodka
  • ¾ oz. fresh lemon juice
  • 1 tsp. simple sugar

13

Long Island Iced Tea

  • ¾ oz. rum
  • ¾ oz. gin
  • ¾ oz. vodka
  • ¾ oz. tequila
  • ¾ oz. triple sec
  • 1 oz. fresh lemon juice
  • Cola
  • Lemon wedge

14

Manhattan

  • 1-1/2 oz. blended whiskey
  • ¾ oz. sweet vermouth
  • Dash of bitters
  • Maraschino cherry

15

Margarita

  • 1-½ oz. tequila
  • ½ oz. triple sec
  • Juice of ½ fresh lime
  • Lime wedge

16

Metropolitan

  • 1-1/4 oz. brandy
  • 1-1/4 oz. sweet vermouth
  • ½ tsp. simple syrup
  • Dash of bitters

17

Mimosa

  • Champagne
  • Freshly squeezed orange juice (no seeds)
  • Dash of Grand Marnier

18

Mojito

  • 1-½ oz. light rum
  • 1 tsp. simple syrup
  • Juice of 1 fresh lime
  • Soda water
  • Mint leaves

19

Mudslide

  • ¾ oz. vodka
  • ¾ oz. Kahlua
  • ¾ oz. Irish cream liqueur
  • Chocolate curls

Note: Can also be served frozen by blending all ingredients with crushed ice.

20

Old Fashioned

  • 2 oz. bourbon or blended whiskey
  • 1 sugar cube
  • 2 dashes of bitters
  • Cherry for garnish

21

Piña Colada

  • 1-½ oz. golden rum
  • 1-½ oz. coconut cream
  • 4 oz. pineapple juice
  • 4-5 ice cubes
  • Pineapple chunks
  • Cherry

22

Sangria

  • 1 bottle (750 mL) full-bodied red wine
  • 2 oz. brandy
  • 2 oz. simple syrup
  • Sliced oranges and lemons
  • 1 cup soda water

Note: For additional sweetness, substitute ginger ale or lemon/lime soda for soda water.

23

Screwdriver

  • 2 oz. vodka
  • 4 oz. freshly squeezed orange juice
  • Orange slice

24

Sex on the Beach

  • 1 oz. vodka
  • 3 oz. cranberry juice
  • 3 oz. pineapple juice (or orange juice)
  • 1 oz. peach schnapps

25

Sidecar

  • 1-1/2 oz. cognac or brandy
  • ¾ oz. Cointreau
  • Juice of ¼ of a lemon

26

Strawberry Daiquiri

  • 1-½ oz. light rum
  • ¾ oz. Curacao or triple sec
  • ¾ oz. lime juice
  • ½ tsp. sugar
  • 6 ripe strawberries, hulled
  • 4-5 ice cubes
  • Slice of fresh fruit

27

Tequila Sunrise

  • 1-1/2 oz. tequila
  • 6 oz. fresh orange juice
  • ½ oz. Grenadine

28

Whiskey Sour

  • 2 oz. blended whiskey
  • ½ oz. simple syrup
  • Juice of ½ a fresh lemon
  • Orange slice
  • Cherry

29

White Russian

  • 1 oz. vodka
  • 1 oz. Kahlua
  • 1 oz. heavy cream

30

What are the main characteristics to taste for in a beer?

  1. maltiness
  2. hoppiness (bitterness)
  3. fruitiness

31

What is malt?

Fermented cereal grains such
as wheat and barley

32

What is the "hoppiness" of a beer?

A bitter flavor arising from the hop plant

Pale ales are generally the hoppiest beers available in the United States

33

What is the "fruitiness" of a beer?

A by-product of yeast fermentation in the brewing process

Most ales have some degree of fruity flavor, even though no actual fruit is used

34

What are the two principal types of beer?

Ales and Lagers

35

What are the main attributes
of an ale?

  • made with "top-fermenting" strains of yeast
  • ferments best at warmer temperatures, which leads to faster fermentation
  • has more hops, malt, and roasted malt
  • bitterness

36

What are the main attributes
of a lager?

  • made with "bottom-fermenting" strains of yeast, which sink to the bottom of the tank
  • ferments best at colder temperatures
  • mild, crisp taste

37

When was beer first mentioned in recorded history?

6,000 B.C.

Beer is documented on stone tablets in Sumeria and Babylonia, where it was prepared for sacrificial purposes.

38

When was beer first bottled?

1850

39

True or false: the Pilgrims' landing on Plymouth Rock had something to do with beer.

True

  • According to the Mayflower's log, the crew settled on Plymouth Rock because they didn't want to dip any further into their beer supply while looking for a better site
  • Upon their arrival, they immediately built a common house, which included a brewery

40

On what day is the largest quantity of beer consumed in the United States?

the Fourth of July

41

What brewery created the first six-pack of beer?

the Pabst Brewery

In the 1940s, the brewery conducted numerous studies and found six cans were the ideal weight for the average housewife to carry home from the store

42

Which countries consume the most beer per capita?

  • Czech Republic (156.9 liters a year)
  • Ireland (131.1 liters a year)
  • Germany (115.8 liters a year)
  • Australia (109.9 liters a year)
  • Austria (108.3 liters a year)

43

What are the three major types of wine?

  1. red
  2. white
  3. rosé

44

Why is red wine red?

It is a result of the grape skin's contact with the grape’s juice during fermentation

45

At what temperature is red wine best served?

60-65 degrees Fahrenheit
(warmer than white wines)

46

What are the main varieties
of red wine?

  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Malbec
  • Merlot
  • Petit Sirah
  • Pinot Noir
  • Sangiovese
  • Shiraz/Syrah
  • Zinfandel

47

Where does white wine get its color?
 

  • From the grape juice and grape skin of green, gold, or yellowish colored grapes, or
  • From just the juice (not the skin) of select red grapes (as in some Champagnes)

48

At what temperature is white wine best served?

45-50 degrees Fahrenheit
(cooler than reds)

49

What are the "Big Eight"
white wines?

  1. Chardonnay
  2. Chenin Blanc
  3. Gewürztraminer
  4. Pinot Gris/Grigio
  5. Riesling
  6. Sauvignon Blanc
  7. Semillon
  8. Viognier

50

What is the meaning of proof in alcohol?

  • A measure of the amount of alcohol in an alcoholic drink
  • Equal to twice the percentage of alcohol by volume

51

How many ounces are in a standard "shot" of liquor?

1.5 oz. or 45 mL

52

How much beer and wine contain as much alcohol as a 1.5-oz. "shot" of liquor?

  • 12-oz. beer
  • 6-oz. glass of wine

(based on standard 40% alcohol hard liquor)

53

Why was the concept of proof created?

To establish the authenticity of moonshine

Any liquid with 50% alcohol burns, so 50% alcohol is "100% proof," or real moonshine

54

What are the 3 most popular beverages in the world?

water, tea, and beer