Basic Anatomical Terminology Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Basic Anatomical Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Basic Anatomical Terminology Deck (57):
1

anatomical position

(1) head, eyes, & toes directed anteriorly, (2) upp limbs are by sides of body w/ palms facing anteriorly, (3) lower limbs are together w/ toes facing anteriorly

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superior

toward head

3

inferior

toward feet

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anterior (ventral)

front

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posterior (dorsal)

back

6

medial

toward midline

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lateral

farther from midline

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ipsilateral

on same side of body

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contralateral

on opposite side of body

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proximal

closer to some point of reference

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distal

farther from some point of reference

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superficial

toward surface of body

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deep

away from surface of body

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sagittal plane

vertical plane which divides body/organ into right & left sides

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midsagittal plane

equal right & left halves

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parasagittal plane

unequal right & left halves

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frontal (coronal) plane

divides body/organ into anterior & posterior portions

18

transverse (horizontal, cross-section) plane

divides body/organ into superior & inferior portions

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flexion

decreases angle b/n bones

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extension

increases angle b/n bones

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abduction

movement of limbs away from body (fingers or toes - spreading of these structures)

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adduction

movement of limbs toward body (fingers or toes - drawing together of these structures)

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circumduction

circular movement that's a combination of flexion, extension, abduction, & adduction; occurs in such a way that the distal end of the part moves in a circle

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rotation

involves turning or revolving a part of the body around its longitudinal axis (e.g. turning the head to the side)

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medial rotation

turns anterior surface of a limb closer to the median plane

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lateral rotation

turns the anterior surface of a limb away from the median plane

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supination

lateral rotation of forearm so palm faces anteriorly

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pronation

medial rotation of forearm so palm faces posteriorly

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protraction (protrusion)

movement of a body part forward (anteriorly) (e.g. protraction of mandible, sticking chin out)

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retraction (retrusion)

movement of a body part backward (posteriorly)

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elevation

raises a body part superiorly

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depression

lowers a body part inferiorly

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eversion

turns sole of foot laterally

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inversion

turns sole of foot medially

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head

cephalic

36

neck

cervical

37

armpit

axilla

38

arm

brachium, brachial

39

forearm

antebrachium, antebrachial

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elbow region

cubital region

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front of elbow

antecubital region

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wrist

carpus

43

thigh

femoral region

44

leg

crural region

45

anterior knee

patellar region

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posterior knee

popliteal region

47

ankle

tarsal, tarsus

48

foot

pedis

49

chest

thorax

50

trunk

abdomen, pelvis

51

groin

inguinal region

52

back

dorsal region

53

loin

lumbar region

54

buttock

gluteal region

55

calf

sural region

56

sole of foot

plantar region

57

heel of foot

calcaneal region, calcaneus

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