Basic Anatomical Terminology Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Basic Anatomical Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Basic Anatomical Terminology Deck (57)
Loading flashcards...
1

anatomical position

(1) head, eyes, & toes directed anteriorly, (2) upp limbs are by sides of body w/ palms facing anteriorly, (3) lower limbs are together w/ toes facing anteriorly

2

superior

toward head

3

inferior

toward feet

4

anterior (ventral)

front

5

posterior (dorsal)

back

6

medial

toward midline

7

lateral

farther from midline

8

ipsilateral

on same side of body

9

contralateral

on opposite side of body

10

proximal

closer to some point of reference

11

distal

farther from some point of reference

12

superficial

toward surface of body

13

deep

away from surface of body

14

sagittal plane

vertical plane which divides body/organ into right & left sides

15

midsagittal plane

equal right & left halves

16

parasagittal plane

unequal right & left halves

17

frontal (coronal) plane

divides body/organ into anterior & posterior portions

18

transverse (horizontal, cross-section) plane

divides body/organ into superior & inferior portions

19

flexion

decreases angle b/n bones

20

extension

increases angle b/n bones

21

abduction

movement of limbs away from body (fingers or toes - spreading of these structures)

22

adduction

movement of limbs toward body (fingers or toes - drawing together of these structures)

23

circumduction

circular movement that's a combination of flexion, extension, abduction, & adduction; occurs in such a way that the distal end of the part moves in a circle

24

rotation

involves turning or revolving a part of the body around its longitudinal axis (e.g. turning the head to the side)

25

medial rotation

turns anterior surface of a limb closer to the median plane

26

lateral rotation

turns the anterior surface of a limb away from the median plane

27

supination

lateral rotation of forearm so palm faces anteriorly

28

pronation

medial rotation of forearm so palm faces posteriorly

29

protraction (protrusion)

movement of a body part forward (anteriorly) (e.g. protraction of mandible, sticking chin out)

30

retraction (retrusion)

movement of a body part backward (posteriorly)

Decks in Anatomy Class (66):