Basic Chord Construction Flashcards Preview

Jazz Theory > Basic Chord Construction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Basic Chord Construction Deck (12)
Loading flashcards...
1

Describe the construction of the four basic triads in scale degrees and intervallic constructions.

Major- 1, 3, and 5 of the major scale. M3 + m3

Minor- 1, 3 and 5 of the minor scale or 1, b3 and 5 of the major scale. m3 + M3

Augmented- major triad with a raised 5. M3 + M3

Diminished- minor triad with a lowered 5. m3 + m3

2

What is a sus4 chord?

A major or minor triad with the 4th scale degree in place of the third.

3

A major or minor sixth chord is a triad with the addition of which scale degree?

The sixth scale degree from the major scale.

4

What are the five types of seventh chords?

Major
Dominant
Minor
Half diminished
Diminished

5

What are the tones of the major scale used to construct each of the five types of seventh chords?

Major- 1, 3, 5, 7
Dominant- 1, 3, 5, b7
Minor- 1, b3, 5, b7
Half diminished- 1, b3, b5, b7
Diminished- 1, b3, b5, bb7

6

Give the interval structure of each of the types of seventh chords.

Major- M3, m3, M3
Dominant- M3, m3, m3
Minor- m3, M3, m3
Half diminished- m3, m3, M3
Diminished- m3, m3, m3

7

What does a plus (+) next to the letter of a chord symbol indicate?

A plus (+) indicates that a chord contains a raised fifth scale degree, the chord is augmented.

8

Which seventh chords may have a raised 7?

Minor sevenths.

9

Which seventh chords may have a suspended 4?

Major, minor and dominant sevenths.

10

What type of chord is indicated by a letter only?

Major triad.

11

What type of chord is indicated by a letter and a number other than 6?

Dominant seventh.

12

What are the four basic types of triads?

Major, minor, augmented and diminished.