Flashcards in Basic Chord Construction Deck (12)
Describe the construction of the four basic triads in scale degrees and intervallic constructions.
Major- 1, 3, and 5 of the major scale. M3 + m3
Minor- 1, 3 and 5 of the minor scale or 1, b3 and 5 of the major scale. m3 + M3
Augmented- major triad with a raised 5. M3 + M3
Diminished- minor triad with a lowered 5. m3 + m3
What is a sus4 chord?
A major or minor triad with the 4th scale degree in place of the third.
A major or minor sixth chord is a triad with the addition of which scale degree?
The sixth scale degree from the major scale.
What are the five types of seventh chords?
What are the tones of the major scale used to construct each of the five types of seventh chords?
Major- 1, 3, 5, 7
Dominant- 1, 3, 5, b7
Minor- 1, b3, 5, b7
Half diminished- 1, b3, b5, b7
Diminished- 1, b3, b5, bb7
Give the interval structure of each of the types of seventh chords.
Major- M3, m3, M3
Dominant- M3, m3, m3
Minor- m3, M3, m3
Half diminished- m3, m3, M3
Diminished- m3, m3, m3
What does a plus (+) next to the letter of a chord symbol indicate?
A plus (+) indicates that a chord contains a raised fifth scale degree, the chord is augmented.
Which seventh chords may have a raised 7?
Which seventh chords may have a suspended 4?
Major, minor and dominant sevenths.
What type of chord is indicated by a letter only?
What type of chord is indicated by a letter and a number other than 6?