Basic Drugs Flashcards Preview

Anesthesia Pharmacology > Basic Drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Basic Drugs Deck (60):
1

What is the concentration and dose for ATROPINE?

Concentration: 0.4 mg/ml
Dose: 0.4-0.6 mg/kg (max 3mg)

2

What is the concentration and dose for CISATRACURIUM?

Concentration: 2 mg/ml
Dose: 0.10-0.15 mg/kg

3

What is the concentration and dose for DIPHENHYDRAMINE (Benedryl)?

Concentration: 25 mg/ml
Dose: 12.5-50 mg

4

What is the concentration and dose for DROPIRIDOL?

Concentration: 0.3125 mg/ml
Dose: 0.625 mg

5

What is the concentration and dose for EPHEDRINE?

Concentration: 50 mg/ml (DILUTE TO 5 mg/ml)
Dose: 5-25 mg

6

What is the concentration and dose for EPINEPHERINE?

Concentration: 1 mg/ml (DILUTE TO 16 mcg/ml)
Dose: 8-16 mcg

7

What is the concentration and dose for ESMOLOL?

Concentration: 10 mg/ml
Dose: 0.2-0.5 mg/kg

8

What is the concentration and dose for ETOMIDATE?

Concentration: 2 mg/ml
Dose: 0.2-0.5 mg/kg

9

What is the concentration and dose for FENTANYL?

Concentration: 50 mcg/ml
Dose: 1-5 mcg/kg

10

What is the concentration and dose for GYLCOPYRROLATE?

Concentration: 0.2 mg/ml
Dose: 0.2 mg per 1 mg of neostigmine

11

What is the concentration and dose for HEPARIN?

Concentration: 1000 units/ml
Dose: 25-30K units for bypass
3-5K units for vascular

12

What is the concentration and dose for HYDROMORPHONE (Dilaudid)?

Concentration: 2 mg/ml
Dose: 0.5-2 mg

13

What is the concentration and dose for KETAMINE?

Concentration: 50 mg/ml
Dose: 1-2 mg/kg IV
4-8 mg/kg IM

14

What is the concentration and dose for KETOROLAC (Toradol)?

Concentration: 30 mg/ml
Dose: 30 mg IV
60 mg IM

15

What is the concentration and dose for LABETALOL?

Concentration: 5 mg/ml
Dose: 0.1-0.25 mg/kg
(5 mg bolus more common)

16

What is the concentration and dose for LIDOCAINE?

Concentration: 20 mg/ml (common)
Dose: 1 mg/kg

17

What is the concentration and dose for MEPERIDINE?

Concentration: 25 mg/ml
Dose: 12.5 mg

18

What is the concentration and dose for MIDAZOLAM (Versed)?

Concentration: 1 mg/ml
Dose: 1-5 mg

19

What is the concentration and dose for MORPHINE?

Concentration: 10 mg/ml
Dose: 0.1-1 mg/kg

20

What is the concentration and dose for NALOXONE (Narcan)?

Concentration: 0.4 mg/ml
Dose: 1-4 mcg/kg

21

What is the concentration and dose for NEOSTIGMINE?

Concentration: 1 mg/ml
Dose: 0.04-0.07 mg/kg

22

What is the concentration and dose for NITROGLYCERIN?

Concentration: 50 mg/ml (DILUTE TO 100 mcg/ml)
Dose: 50-100 mcg

23

What is the concentration and dose for ONDANSETRON (Zofran)?

Concentration: 2 mg/ml
Dose: 4 mg

24

What is the concentration and dose for PANCURONIUM?

Concentration: 1 mg/ml
Dose: 0.06-0.1 mg/kg

25

What is the concentration and dose for PHENYLEPHERINE?

Concentration: 10 mg/ml (DILUTE TO 100mcg/ml)
Dose: 50-200 mcg

26

What is the concentration and dose for PROPOFOL?

Concentration: 10 mg/ml
Dose: 1.0-2.5 mg/kg

27

What is the concentration and dose for ROCURONIUM?

Concentration: 10 mg/ml
Dose: 0.6-1.2 mg/kg

28

What is the concentration and dose for SUCCINYLCHOLINE?

Concentration: 20 mg/ml
Dose: 1-2 mg/kg (0.1 mg/kg for laryngospasm)

29

What is the concentration and dose for VECURONIUM?

Concentration: 10 mg/ml
Dose: 0.08-0.12 mg/kg

30

What is the concentration and dose for METOPROLOL?

Concentration: 1 mg/ml
Dose: 2 mg bolus

31

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for ATROPINE?

Contraindications: Acute-angle glaucoma, parturients
Clinical Effects: Increases HR, NMB reversal with Neostigmine

32

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for CISATRACURIUM?

Contraindications: slower onset
Clinical Effects: Muscle relaxant, good for renal or hepatic dysfunction

33

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for DIPHENHYDRAMINE (Benedryl)?

Contraindications:
Clinical Effects: Treat allergic reactions

34

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for DROPERIDOL?

Contraindications: Parkinson’s, abnormal EKG
Clinical Effects: Antiemetic

35

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for EPHEDRINE?

Contraindications: Tachyphylaxis, Norepi depletion
Clinical Effects: Increase HR & BP

36

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for EPINEPHERINE?

Contraindications: high HR
Clinical Effects: Increase HR/BP, anaphylaxis, bronchospasm

37

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for ESMOLOL?

Contraindications: Bradycardia, Asthma
Clinical Effects: Decrease HR

38

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for ETOMIDATE?

Contraindications: Myoclonus, PONV, thrombophlebitis
Clinical Effects: Induction/hypnosis w/ cardiac stability

39

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for FENTANYL?

Contraindications: 100x more potent than morphine, synergism with Midazolam
Clinical Effects: Fast acting pain relief

40

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for GLYCOPYRROLATE?

Contraindications:
Clinical Effects: Antisialagogue, NMB reversal with Neostigmine

41

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for HEPARIN?

Contraindications: Anemia, possible thrombocytopenia
Clinical Effects: anticoagulant

42

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for KETAMINE?

Contraindications: Emergence delirium
Clinical Effects: Induction, analgesia, amnesia

43

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for KETOROLAC (Toradol)?

Contraindications: Bleeding disorders, asthma, renal or liver disfunction
Clinical Effects: NSAID pain relief

44

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for LABETALOL?

Contraindications: NO ASTHMA
Clinical Effects: Control HR & BP

45

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for LIDOCAINE?

Contraindications:
Clinical Effects: Local, block sns, blunt gag reflex, premature vent. contractions (PVC)

46

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for MEPERIDINE?

Contraindications: Neurotoxic, renal disease
Clinical Effects: Post-op shivering and periop analgesia

47

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for MIDAZOLAM?

Contraindications: Hepatic disease, elderly, narcs
Clinical Effects: Anxiety, sedation, amnesia

48

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for MORPHINE?

Contraindications: Depression of ventilation, PONV, itching
Clinical Effects: IV, epidural and spinal anesthesia

49

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for NALOXONE (Narcan)?

Contraindications: n/v, pain, tachycardia, increased SNS
Clinical Effects: Overdose of narcs, respiratory depression

50

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for NEOSTIGMINE?

Contraindications: BLUDS
Clinical Effects: NMB reversal (MUST have 1 twitch)

51

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for NITROGLYCERIN?

Contraindications: venous dilator
Clinical Effects: Treat angina and HTN

52

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for ONDANSETRON (Zofran)?

Contraindications:
Clinical Effects: PONV

53

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for PANCURONIUM?

Contraindications: kidney disease
Clinical Effects: Longest duration NMB

54

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for PHENYLEPHERINE?

Contraindications: Increased afterload, reflex bradycadia
Clinical Effects: Increased BP, nasal decongestant

55

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for PROPOFOL?

Contraindications: Soy/egg allergy, hypotension
Clinical Effects: Induction, sedation

56

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for ROCURONIUM?

Contraindications: Renal & liver disorders
Clinical Effects: paralysis

57

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for SUCCINYLCHOLINE?

Contraindications: Hyperkalemia (burn/trauma), No Stroke or MD, malignant hyperthermia
Clinical Effects: Intubation paralysis, laryngospasm

58

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for VECURONIUM?

Contraindications: Renal & liver disorders
Clinical Effects: Paralysis

59

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for METOPROLOL?

Contraindications: Bradycardia or Hypotension
Clinical Effects: Decrease BP & HR

60

What are the contraindications and clinical effects for HYDROMORPHONE (Dilaudid)?

Contraindications: 5x as potent as morphine
Clinical Effects: long acting pain relief