Basic Group 9 Flashcards Preview

Vocab List > Basic Group 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Basic Group 9 Deck (150):
1

abortion

the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, most often performed during the first 28 weeks

2

algorithm

a process or set of rules to be followed in calculations or other problem-solving operations, especially by a computer

3

fungoid

resembling a fungus in shape, texture, or speed of growth

4

deliberation

long and careful consideration or discussion OR slow and careful movement or thought

5

tedious

too long, slow, or dull; tiresome or monotonous

6

morose

sullen and ill-tempered

7

sullen

bad-tempered and sulky (ill-tempered)

8

underpin

support from below by laying a solid foundation OR support, justify, or form the basis for

9

ensue

happen or occur afterwards or as a result (e.g. difficulties which ensued from procrastination)

10

lobby (verb)

seek to influence (a legislator) on an issue

11

venture

a risky or daring journey or undertaking OR verb: undertake a risky or daring journey or course of action

12

pioneer

a person who is among the first to…

13

haul

pull or drag with effort or force

14

frenzy

a state or period of uncontrolled excitement or wild behaviour

15

maroon (verb)

trapped and alone in an inaccessible place, especially an island

16

hoaxer

a person who tricks or deceives someone by means of a hoax

17

hoax

a humorous or malicious deception

18

fuselage

the main body of an aircraft

19

pristine

in its original condition; unspoilt

20

subscribe

express or feel agreement with (an idea or proposal)

21

plunge

jump or dive quickly and energetically

22

prospect

the likelihood of some future event occurring is (measurement) (e.g. some training which offered a prospect of continuous employment)

23

grisly

causing horror or disgust

24

intrusion

the action of intruding (put oneself deliberately into a place or situation where one is unwelcome or uninvited)

25

coward

a person who is contemptibly lacking in the courage to do or endure dangerous or unpleasant things

26

gregarious

(of a person) fond of company; sociable

27

fond

(fond of) having a liking for

28

phenomenal

remarkable or exceptional, especially exceptionally good

29

phenomenon

a fact or situation that is observed to exist or happen, especially one whose cause or explanation is in question OR a remarkable thing or person

30

versatile

able to adapt or be adapted to many different functions or activities

31

vengeance

punishment inflicted or retribution exacted for an injury or wrong

32

ambitious

having or showing a strong desire and determination to succeed

33

studious

spending a lot of time studying or reading

34

bewildered (adj)

confused and indecisive; puzzled

35

dumbfound (verb)

greatly astonish or amaze

36

inadvertently

without intention; accidentally

37

lash

strike or beat with a whip or stick OR (of an animal) move (a part of the body, especially the tail) quickly and violently

38

frown

furrow one's brows in an expression indicating disapproval, displeasure, or concentration

39

furrow

a long, narrow trench made in the ground by a plough, especially for planting seeds or irrigation

40

plough

a large farming implement with one or more blades fixed in a frame, drawn over soil to turn it over and cut furrows in preparation for the planting of seeds

41

trench

a long, narrow ditch

42

frail

(of a person) weak and delicate

43

rut

a long deep track/trail made by the repeated passage of the wheels of vehicles OR a habit or pattern of behaviour that has become dull and unproductive but is hard to change (e.g. he was stuck in the rut of procrastination)

44

groove

a long, narrow cut or depression in a hard material OR an established routine or habit

45

acclaim

praise enthusiastically and publicly

46

amateur

a person who engages in a pursuit, especially a sport, on an unpaid basis OR a person who is contemptibly inept at a particular activity

47

inept

having or showing no skill; clumsy

48

atheist

a person who disbelieves or lacks belief in the existence of God or gods

49

auxiliary (adj)

providing supplementary or additional help and support (e.g. auxiliary staffs) (CAN BE NOUN TOO)

50

colonel

a rank of officer in the army

51

conceivable

capable of being imagined or grasped mentally

52

conceive

form or devise (a plan or idea) in the mind

53

devise

plan or invent (a complex procedure, system, or mechanism) by careful thought

54

correlate

have a mutual relationship or connection, in which one thing affects or depends on another (e.g. he study found that success in the educational system correlates highly with class.)

55

counselor

a person trained to give guidance on personal or psychological problems

56

attenuate

reduce the force, effect, or value of OR reduce in thickness

57

defendant

an individual, company, or institution sued or accused in a court of law

58

despair

the complete loss or absence of hope

59

shirk

avoid or neglect (a duty or responsibility)

60

superfluous (adj)

unnecessary, especially through being more than enough

61

ecstasy

an overwhelming feeling of great happiness or joyful excitement

62

exuberance

the quality of being full of energy, excitement, and cheerfulness; ebullience

63

ebullience

the quality of being cheerful and full of energy; exuberance

64

facsimile

an exact copy, especially of written or printed material

65

fallacious

based on a mistaken belief (e.g. fallacious argument)

66

fallacy

a mistaken belief, especially one based on unsound arguments (e.g. the more megapixel, the better the camera is a fallacy)

67

fictitious

not real or true; imaginary or fabricated

68

fabricate

invent (something) in order to deceive (e.g. the story was fabricated to attract customers)

69

grievous

(of something bad) very severe or serious

70

guerrilla

a member of a small independent group taking part in irregular fighting, typically against larger regular forces

71

heinous

(of a person or wrongful act, especially a crime) utterly odious or wicked

72

odious

extremely unpleasant; repulsive

73

haemorrhage

an escape of blood from a ruptured blood vessel

74

rupture

(especially of a pipe or container, or bodily part such as an organ or membrane) break or burst suddenly

75

hindrance (noun)

a thing that provides resistance, delay, or obstruction to something or someone (hinder) (e.g. communication technology is arguably a hindrance to human relationships)

76

hoarse

(of a person's voice) sounding rough and harsh, typically as the result of a sore throat or of shouting

77

idiosyncrasy

a mode of behaviour or way of thought peculiar to an individual (e.g. one of the idiosyncrasies of him is his preference of sitting in the car front) OR a distinctive or peculiar feature or characteristic of a place or thing (the aromas are the imperative idiosyncrasies of the food festival)

78

indict

formally accuse of or charge with a crime

79

inoculate

vaccinate

80

judicial

of, by, or appropriate to a law court or judge; relating to the administration of justice (a judicial order)

81

lieutenant

a deputy or substitute acting for a superior

82

deputy

a person who is appointed to undertake the duties of a superior in the superior's absence

83

manoeuvre

a movement or series of moves requiring skill and care (e.g. the swimmers showed impressive manoeuvre during the competition) OR a large-scale military exercise of troops, warships, and other forces (e.g. the troops were on a manoeuvre)

84

miniature

very small of its kind (a miniature of China)

85

miscellaneous

(of items or people gathered or considered together) of various types or from different sources

86

mischievous

causing or showing a fondness for causing trouble in a playful way

87

nuisance

a person or thing causing inconvenience or annoyance (e.g. it is certainly a nuisance having to run an errand)

88

obstacle

a thing that blocks one's way or prevents or hinders progress

89

pamphlet

a small booklet or leaflet containing information or arguments about a single subject

90

leaflet

a printed sheet of paper containing information or advertising and usually distributed free

91

spate

a large number of similar things coming in quick succession (a spate of attacks from the ants in the garden)

92

succession

number of people or things of a similar kind following one after the other OR the action or process of inheriting a title, office, property, etc (e.g. the Burj Khalifa had a succession on Taipei 101)

93

pavilion

a building or similar structure used for a specific purpose (e.g. the Performing Arts pavilion)

94

peaceable

inclined to avoid conflict or dissent

95

dissent

the holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held

96

penetrate

go into or through (something), especially with force or effort

97

perseverance

persistence in doing something despite difficulty or delay in achieving success

98

pilgrimage

a pilgrim's journey

99

pilgrim

a person who journeys to a sacred place for religious reasons

100

prairie

a large open area of grassland, especially in North America

101

prejudice

preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience

102

preconceived (adj)

(of an idea or opinion) formed before having the evidence for its truth or usefulness

103

prevalent

widespread in a particular area or at a particular time

104

propaganda

information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote a political cause or point of view

105

quarantine

a state, period, or place of isolation in which people or animals that have arrived from elsewhere or been exposed to infectious or contagious disease are placed (e.g. the specimen of the animal had been infected with an unknown disease and had died in the quarantine)

106

reminiscence

a story told about a past event remembered by the narrator (e.g. the reminiscence of my days in Hong Kong)

107

rheumatism

any disease marked by inflammation and pain in the joints, muscles, or fibrous tissue, especially rheumatoid arthritis

108

arthritis

a disease causing painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints

109

sacrilegious

involving or committing sacrilege (the destruction of the cultures of QASMT is prevalently considered sacrilegious)

110

sacrilege

violation or misuse of what is regarded as sacred

111

vestment

a chasuble or other robe worn by the clergy or choristers during services

112

robe

a long, loose outer garment reaching to the ankles

113

garment

an item of clothing

114

secular

not connected with religious or spiritual matters (despite secular, the destruction of QASMT's culture is prevalently considered a sacrilege)

115

seize

take hold of suddenly and forcibly

116

siege

a military operation in which enemy forces surround a town or building, cutting off essential supplies, with the aim of compelling those inside to surrender

117

sophomore

a second-year university or high-school student

118

spontaneous

performed or occurring as a result of a sudden impulse or inclination and without premeditation or external stimulus OR (of a process or event) occurring without apparent external cause (e.g. spontaneous applause broke out)

119

premeditate

think out or plan (an action, especially a crime) beforehand (e.g. a premeditated presentation after long deliberations)

120

strenuous

requiring or using great effort or exertion (e.g. a strenuous exercise)

121

exertion

physical or mental effort

122

subordinate

lower in rank or position

123

suppress

forcibly put an end to

124

supersede

take the place of (a person or thing previously in authority or use) (e.g. Burj Khalifa superseded Taipei 101 as the tallest building in the world)

125

supplant

supersede and replace

126

susceptible

likely or liable to be influenced or harmed by a particular thing (e.g. he is susceptible to nuts allergy) OR (susceptible of) capable or admitting of (e.g. this issue is not susceptible of a simple solution)

127

temperamental

(of a person) liable to unreasonable changes of mood

128

tournament

(in a sport or game) a series of contests between a number of competitors, competing for an overall prize

129

ease

absence of difficulty or effort

130

myopia

the quality of being short-sighted

131

converge (verb)

(of stuff, e.g lines, people) tend to meet at a point (e.g. the leaders from 19 nations and the European Union will converge at the Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre during the November G20 Summit)

132

scarlet

of a brilliant red colour (e.g. scarlet berries)

133

determined

having made a firm decision and being resolved not to change it

134

resolved

firmly determined to do something

135

carnivore

an animal that feeds on other animals

136

inaugural

marking the beginning of an institution, activity, or period of office (e.g. his inaugural concert as Music Director)

137

errand

a short journey undertaken in order to deliver or collect something, especially on someone else's behalf

138

contaminate

make (something) impure by exposure to or addition of a poisonous or polluting substance (even virus!) (e.g. the computer had been contaminated by viruses)

139

provisional

arranged or existing for the present, possibly to be changed later (e.g. the timetables are for provisional purposes only.)

140

dichotomy

a division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different (e.g. a dichotomy between the dark side and the light side)

141

patent

a government authority or licence conferring a right or title for a set period, especially the sole right to exclude others from making, using, or selling an invention

142

intact

not damaged or impaired in any way; complete

143

autism

a mental condition, present from early childhood, characterised by great difficulty in communicating and forming relationships with other people and in using language and abstract concepts

144

serpent

a large snake

145

entrench

establish (an attitude, habit, or belief) so firmly that change is very difficult or unlikely (e.g. he had entrenched his aspiration to become a doctor) OR establish (a military force) in trenches or other fortified positions

146

fortify

provide (a place) with defensive works as protection against attack OR add spirits to (wine) to make port, sherry (fortified wines)

147

engross

(often be engrossed in) absorb all the attention or interest of (e.g. the leaked screenshots of iOS are engrossed in conversations)

148

encompass

[ with obj. ] surround and have or hold within; include comprehensively (e.g. the City of Brisbane encompasses North Lakes in the north to Parkinson in the south)

149

photogenic

(especially of a person) looking attractive in photographs or on film

150

wed

get married to OR combine (two factors or qualities, especially desirable ones) (e.g. modern and victorian architectures are wedded in this city) OR (be wedded to) be obstinately attached or devoted to (an activity, belief, or system) (e.g. the school was wedded to a proposal to construct a new building on the current campus due to the innumerable cost and deficiency of capacity provided with the amalgamation)