BB LAB - Glossary of Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in BB LAB - Glossary of Terms Deck (62):
1

fluid obtained from a cyst of a dog tapeworm which can be a source of P1 substance and there can be used to neutralize anti-P1

Hydatid cyst

2

nonpenetrating cryoprotective agent added to protect cells against damage

Hydroxyethyl starch (HES)

3

decrease in body temp

hypothermia

4

reaction of the body to respond and recognize foreign substances

immune response

5

immunologic rxn induced by initial exposure to antigens

primary immune response

6

immunologic reaction induced following a second exposure to an antigenq

secondary immune response

7

also known as anamnestic response

secondary immune response

8

sugar molecule that gives antigen its specificity or identifies it uniquely

immunodominant sugar

9

H antigen specificity, what is the immunodominant sugar

L-fucose

10

A antigen specificity, what is the immunodominant sugar

N-acetyl-D-galactosamine

11

B antigen specificity, what is the immunodominant sugar`

D-galactose

12

any substance capable of stimulating animmune response

immunogen

13

ability of an antigen to stimulate antibody response

immunogenicity

14

syn for antibody

immunoglobulin

15

study of blood-related antigens and antibodies

immunohematology

16

rare dominant gene that inhibits production of all Lutheran antigens

In Lu

17

presence of agglutination or hemolysis in compatibility testing

Incompatible

18

while fetus is in the uterus

in utero

19

in vitro reaction in w/c under certain condition of time and temperature allow antigen-antibody complex to occur

incubation

20

random behavior of genes on separate chromosomes inherited separately from each other

independent assortment

21

passingof one gene from each parent to offspring

independent segregation

22

transfusion administered to a fetus while still in the uterus

intrauterine transfusion

23

number of charged particles in solution

Ionic strength

24

gamma or electron treatment of cellular blood product to prevent transfusion associated graft-vs-host disease (TA-GVHD)

irradiation

25

yellow appearance of skin, sclera of eyes, and body secretions caused by inc bilirubin level

jaundice

26

condition due to inc in unconjugated bilirubin

kernicterus

27

test performed on maternal blood specimen to detect fetal maternal hemorrhage

kleihauer-betke acid elution test

28

ABO antibodies are present in plasma/serum when the corresponding ABO blood antigens are not present on erythrocytes

Landsteiner Law

29

combination of Ab and multivalent Ag to form cross links and result in visible agglutination rxn

Lattice formation

30

seed extract capable of agglutinating red cells carrying the corresponding antigen

lectin

31

agglutinate red cells with A1 antigen

Dolichus biflorus (anti-A1)

32

agglutinate red cells with H antigen

Ulex europaeus (anti-H)

33

agglutinate red cells with N antigen

Vicia graminea (anti-N)

34

agglutinate red cells with M antigen

Iberis amara (anti-M)

35

agglutinate red cells with T antigen

Arachis hypogea (anti-T)

36

agglutinate red cells with Tn antigen

Salvia sclaera (anti-Tn)

37

graph used to predict severity of HDN during pregnancy by evaluation of amniotic fluid

Liley Graph

38

Liley Graph zone
mild or no disease

Zone I

39

Liley Graph zone
Moderate disease

Zone II

40

Liley Graph zone
Severe and life-threatening hemolysis

Zone III

41

location of gene on chromosome

locus

42

condition of an abnormal presence of hmw immunoglobulins

macroglobulinemia

43

replacement of one or more blood volumes w/in 24 hour interval

massive transfusion

44

common drug used in treatment of hypertension

Methyl Dopa (Aldomet)

45

cause of positive DAT

Methyl Dopa (Aldomet)

46

type of agglutination pattern where a population of redcells has agglutinated and remainder of red cells are not agglutinated

Mixed Field Agglutination

47

manner by which a gene is passed from one gen to another

mode of inheritance

48

type of inheritance patterns
trait that appears when gene that has been inherited can be found in each gen occurs with equal frequency in males and females
ex. most blood group system

autosomal dominant

49

trait manifested by people who are homozygous for alleles
both parents who do not express the trait may be carrier or heterozygous for recessive allele

autosomal recessive

50

ex. Rh negative (dd), Lu (a-b-), Bombay phenotype

autosomal recessive

51

these are traits transmitted to all daughters of affected father but not to sons

sex-linked dominant

52

ex, Xg^a Blood group

sex-linked dominant

53

trait appears much more frequently in males than in females due to inheritance from carrier mothers

sex-linked recessive

54

ex. hemophilia A

sex-linked recessive

55

it is an antigen composed of several units or subpart such as Rho (D) antigen

Mosaic (Du variant)

56

D antigen w/ complete subpart

Rh ABCD

57

D antigen w/ missing A-subpart

Rh aBCD

58

D antigen w/ missing B-subpart

Rh AbCD

59

D antigen w/ missing C-subpart

Rh ABcD

60

D antigen w/ missing D-subpart

Rh ABCd

61

term for womanhaving borne more than one child

multiparous

62

malignant neoplasm of bm characterized by abnormal proteins in plasma and urine

multople myeloma

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