Flashcards in Beef Cattle: Feeding Deck (31):
What is the order of feeding priority for cows?
Maintenance, growth, milk production, reproduction
What is the goal for feeding cow-calf cattle?
Meed needs at low cost while meeting goal of a calf/year
How much does it cost to feed cow-calf systems?
50-70% of total cost
What is the ideal feed prefered for beef cows to keep labor requirements low?
Beef cattle do well on _____
How can carrying capacity be increased?
What is the low critical temp for beef cattle with wet or summer coats?
What is the low critical temp for beef cattle with dry fall coat?
What is the low critical temp for beef cattle with dry winter coat?
What is the low critical temp for beef cattle with dry heavy winter coat?
When do needs of cows and heifers increase?
Last 2 months of pregnancy
What should be increased in the last 2 months of pregnancy?
Lactating cows require _____% more protein than dry cows
Lactating cows require _____% more Ca and P than dry cows
Supplied free choice to lactating cows
Salt and minerals
What should you supplement if the amount of legume in a pasture is reduced?
Provide calves with extra feeds (grain, commercial feed mix) besides milk
When will calves start eating grain with creep feeding?
3 weeks of age
What do milk and pasture provide during creep feeding?
Protein, minerals, and vitamins
Simplifies weaning and facilitates fall-calving
May lower feedlot gain and efficiency
At least ___% of heifers should be kept as replacements
Future bulls used for service should be weaned around ___ months of age
Bulls are normally _____ til spring and then put on _____
Feedlot cattle have different nutritional needs according to _____ and _____
Sex and age
_____ are 15% more efficient at gaining weight than _____
Heifers are finished at _____ weights than steers
Normally hand-fed on high proportion of concentrates, particularly cereals, until market weight
Why must the transition to grain be made slowly
Risk of rumen microfloral imbalance
If cattle are already adapted to full feed, what should they be fed at the feedlot?
90% grain + 10% roughage