Beef Cattle: Intro Flashcards Preview

Nutrition Final Exam New Material > Beef Cattle: Intro > Flashcards

Flashcards in Beef Cattle: Intro Deck (25):
1

What are the three types of beef production?

Cow-calf, cattle feeders/feedlots, purebred breeders

2

Herd of cows bred each year to produce calves that are sold to feeders

Cow-calf

3

Land unsuitable for crops so animals are dependent n roughages and maintained on pasture w/little grain

Cow-calf

4

Less labor and lower investment

Cow-calf

5

Grow/finish calves til market

Cattle feeders/feedlots

6

Operator buys yearlings and finishes them in a feed lot

Cattle feeders/feedlots

7

Animals are confined and fed on grain

Cattle feeders/feedlots

8

More expensive to run and with higher labor costs

Cattle feeders/feedlots

9

Keeping herd of purebred stock requires knowledge and skill

Purebred breeders

10

Provide replacement bulls and heifers for cow-calf operations

Purebred breeders

11

High cost

Purebred breeders

12

Requires grain and protein concentrates unlike cow-calf operations

Feedlots

13

More than 1000 animals

Commercial feedlot

14

Less than 1000 animals, farmers use their own roughage and grain

Farmer feeders

15

Finishing immediately requires a mostly _____ diet

Grain

16

Deferred finishing systems require...

Roughage with some grain

17

Suitable for heavier animals/breeds

Finishing immediately

18

Suitable for farms that produce roughage

Deferred finishing system

19

What two provinces in Canada produce the most beef cows?

Alberta and SK

20

What is the objective of a cow-calf herd?

1 calf per cow per year

21

What is the bull:cow ratio?

4:100

22

When can you castrate a calf?

At birth - 4mo old

23

What is the average age at weaning?

150-180 days

24

What is the gestation period of a beef cow?

280 days

25

How soon after calving must a cow be bred to maintain the 1 calf/year pattern?

80 days