Flashcards in Beef Cattle: Intro Deck (25):
What are the three types of beef production?
Cow-calf, cattle feeders/feedlots, purebred breeders
Herd of cows bred each year to produce calves that are sold to feeders
Land unsuitable for crops so animals are dependent n roughages and maintained on pasture w/little grain
Less labor and lower investment
Grow/finish calves til market
Operator buys yearlings and finishes them in a feed lot
Animals are confined and fed on grain
More expensive to run and with higher labor costs
Keeping herd of purebred stock requires knowledge and skill
Provide replacement bulls and heifers for cow-calf operations
Requires grain and protein concentrates unlike cow-calf operations
More than 1000 animals
Less than 1000 animals, farmers use their own roughage and grain
Finishing immediately requires a mostly _____ diet
Deferred finishing systems require...
Roughage with some grain
Suitable for heavier animals/breeds
Suitable for farms that produce roughage
Deferred finishing system
What two provinces in Canada produce the most beef cows?
Alberta and SK
What is the objective of a cow-calf herd?
1 calf per cow per year
What is the bull:cow ratio?
When can you castrate a calf?
At birth - 4mo old
What is the average age at weaning?
What is the gestation period of a beef cow?