Beef Cattle: Nutritional Health Problems Flashcards Preview

Nutrition Final Exam New Material > Beef Cattle: Nutritional Health Problems > Flashcards

Flashcards in Beef Cattle: Nutritional Health Problems Deck (36):
1

Founder and rumenitis are caused by _____

Acidosis

2

Rapid fermentation and overproduction of gas

Bloat/ruminal tympany

3

What is the major cause of bloat in beef cattle?

Green legumes in large amounts

4

Common in feedlot cattle and possibly caused by some feed allergy

Bovine pulmonary emphysema

5

Panting, coughing, breathing difficulties

Bovine pulmonary emphysema

6

How can you prevent bovine pulmonary emphysema?

Reduce dust from feeds/env., reduce concentrate/grain in diet, put cattle on pasture

7

Heart condition associated with high altitubes

Brisket disease

8

Swelling of lower neck and brisked associated with enlargement of the heart and possibly related to diet issues

Brisket disease

9

Overeating disease

Enterotoxemia

10

Affects cattle on high concentrate diets (feedlots)

Enterotoxemia

11

Related to Clostricium perfringens toxins

Enterotoxemia

12

Lameness, bloody diarrhea, bloating, death in 24h

Enterotoxemia

13

Summer syndrome in cattle, gangrene feet in winter

Fescue toxicity

14

Cattle do not shed winter coat, thin, feverish, fescue foot, reduced calf weight

Fescue toxicity

15

Abnormal teeth and bones, stiff joints, organ damage, appetitie loss and emaciation

Fluorosis

16

What causes fluorosis?

High fluorine/fluoride content in water (and feed)

17

Caused by inadequate blood magnesium levels

Grass tetany

18

Most common in lactating animals grazing on rapidly growing lush pastures and during the beginning of pasture season

Grass tetany

19

What is the major cause of grass tetany?

Lush pastures with low Mg and high K

20

Stiff movement, loss of appetite, frequent urination, convulsions

Grass tetany

21

Can be caused by drought

Nitrate poisoning

22

Common in green cut forages and common in beef cattle

Nitrate poisoning

23

What plant causes photosensitization?

Alsike clover

24

Skin reaction that occurs in the presence of sunlight upon the ingestion of certain plants

Photosensititzation

25

Scratiching, rubbing, skin areas turn red/yellow flood, appetite loss, fever

Photosensitization

26

When do outbreaks of photosensitization occur?

Spring

27

Caused by overeating concetrates and/or standing in the stall for long periods (acidosis)

Founder/lamanitis

28

Liver abscesses are common with _____

Rumenitis

29

Caused by Fusobacterium necrophorum

Rumenitis

30

White muscle disease is caused by _____ deficiency

Selineum

31

When there is a shortage of selenium, there is an accumulation of ______

Free radicals

32

Trouble walking and breathing, heart failure

White muscle disease

33

What are examples of poisonous plants?

Wild black cherry, pokeweed, yew, red oak

34

Where is Se deficiency more likely to be a problem in a beef cattle herd?

Pacific NW region

35

What metabolic disease is associated with Se deficiency?

White muscle disease

36

What metabolic disease is associated with high altitude?

Brisket disease