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Flashcards in Before The Incident Deck (46):
1

Match each definition with the item described.

This act standardized training for hazardous materials response.

This framework presents guiding principles for a unified national response to disasters and emergencies

This regulation establishes the procedures and protocol for response to an incident involving HazMats.

This system provides a template for consistent nationwide incident management.

1. Hazwoper. 2. SARA. 3. NIMS. 4. NRF

2.
4
1
3

2

Officer Lyons needs to look up guidelines for establishing an incident management system for emergency operations. The NFPA standard he should refer to for guidance is:

A. NFPA 1561
B. NFPA 1021
C. NFPA 1500
D. NFPA 1521

A. NFPA 1561

3

Identify the true statement about SOPs

A. When an SOP is being used inappropriately, the ISO must halt operations and reprimand personnel involved.

B. SOPs between entities are an effective means to quickly obtain resources during emergencies.

C. The ISO must intervene if the failure to follow SOPs is creating the potential for imminent danger.

D. Using SOPs, the ISO can determine if the organization needs to create an EOP.

C. The ISO must intervene if the failure to follow SOPs is creating the potential for imminent danger.

4

Identify THREE target areas that should be considered for the development of a pre-incident plan.

A. Lumber yards
B. Flammable liquid storage tank farm
C. Natural gas distribution pipeline
D. Private residences
E. Small parking lots

A. Lumber yards
B. Flammable liquid storage tank farm
C. Natural gas distribution pipeline

5

Identify THREE qualities of an effective EOP.

A. Well organized
B. Imprecise
C. Specifies responders’ operational duties
D. Addresses all community hazards
E. Applies to a single jurisdiction only

A. Well organized
C. Specifies responders’ operational duties
D. Addresses all community hazards

6

The section of a LERP that identifies how the public will be notified of an emergency is the:

A. Pre-emergency Planning and Coordination with outside Parties section.
B. Emergency Recognition and Prevention section
C. Emergency Medical Treatment and First Aid section
D. Emergency Alerting and Response Procedures section
E. Site Security and Control section

D. Emergency Alerting and Response Procedures section

7

Identify Three types of information contained in the Personal Protective Equipment and Emergency Equipment section of a LERP.
A. Sources of specialized people and equipment
B. Emergency equipment available from facilities in the community
C. Instructions for donning and doffing all types of protective equipment
D. Procedures for cleaning and disinfecting personal protective equipment
E. What type of equipment is appropriate for varying degrees of reponse risk.

A. Sources of specialized people and equipment
B. Emergency equipment available from facilities in the community
E. What type of equipment is appropriate for varying degrees of response risk

8

Identify THREE skills an individual predesignated as the ISO should possess.

A. Incident management experience
B. Able to enforce the organization’s SOPs
C. Advanced emergency medical training
D. Knowledge of the incident management system
E. Apparatus driver/operator skills for all fire service apparatus

A. Incident management experience
B. Able to enforce the organization’s SOPs
D. Knowledge of the incident management system

9

Identify the TRUE statement about ISO tools.

A. The ISO is excluded from PPE requirements as they may obscure identification vest
B. To stay in contact with the IC and other personnel, flags and flashlights are essential.
C. A name tag should be worn by the ISO and any assistant ISOs for easy identification.
D. The clear identification of the ISO has been linked to improve effectiveness on scene and reminds all responders to be safety-conscious.

D. The Clear identification of the ISO has been linked to improve effectiveness on scene and reminds all responders to be safety-conscious.

10

Light smoke in a building during overhaul operations.

A. Hazard
B. Risk

A. Hazard

11

Search and rescue operations for a lost child that are continuing throughout the night.

A. Hazard
B. Risk

B. Risk

12

Attempting to rescue a family trapped in the basement after an earthquake with serious aftershocks.

A. Hazard
B. Risk

B. Risk

13

Explosive bolts on a fighter jet.

A. Hazard
B. Risk

A. Hazard

14

Attempting a rescue operation with an overhead electrical power line lying on an occupied vehicle involved in a vehicle accident.

A. Hazard
B. Risk

B. Risk

15

Officer OMalley is working to identify a list of the risks associated with her orgnaization’s operations. O’Malley’s fire and emergency services organizations is located on Florida’s panhandle. Identify THREE types of information she should be sure to consider.

A. Her organization’s loss prevention data
B. The age of the facility and the average ages of her organization’s members
C. Facility and apparatus inspection records
D. Potential high-hazards specific to the area, such as hurricanes and tropical storms
E. Medical staff available at local hospitals

A. Her organization’s loss prevention data
C. Facility and apparatus inspection records
D. Potential high-hazards specific to the area, such as hurricanes and tropical storms.

16

Responder Bird Tripped and sprained his back while laying hose during an emergency response las week. This happened to another responder in the department four years ago. This is an example of a:

A. Low frequency/low severity incident
B. Low frequency/high severity incident
C. High frequency/ low severity incident
D. High frequency/ high severity incident

B. Low frequency/high severity incident

17

Match each risk management process with its associated activity.

Determining incident frequency and severity

Annually revising all areas that address emergency responder health and safety.

Compiling a list of all emergency and no emergency operations and duties.

1. Risk Identification 2. Risk evaluation 3. Risk management and monitoring

2,3,1

18

Identify THREE emergency response items, activities, or operations that must be included or addressed in an organization’s risk management plan.

A. Placards indicating hazardous materials, NFPA 704 markers, and their descriptions
B. Resource management, including personnel accountability
C. Situational factors that have historically led to responder injuries and fatalities
D. Directives dealing with SOPs such as apparatus positioning and rest and rehab
E. All properties of fire behavior

B,C,D

19

Significant risk to a member safety may be acceptable when:

A. The risk is covered in the risk management plan
B. There is a potential to save endangered lives
C. It is necessary to protect or save valued property
D. Offensive operations are required

B. There is a potential to save endangered lives

20

Identify THREE ways in which the Safety Officer can affect cultural change for the fire service.

A. Lead by example
B. Constantly evaluate the incident and incident action plan to ensure that all hazards and risks are addressed in the risk management plan.
C. Examine your attitudes and behaviors regarding safety.
D. Realize that change is not a threat to the organization
E. Ensure that incident risk management plan is incorporated into the organization’s IMS.

A,C,D

21

Identify the degree of risk presented by each situation, Options may be used more than once.

Two firefighters in the appropriate PPE, including self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA), are fighting a large fire and the smoke is severely hampering their visibility.

Firefighters are offensively battling a fire in a warehouse; the fire has now threatened the structural integrity of the building.

A responder is inspection an areal apparatus and must extend and rotate, then retract the ladder to complete the inspection.

Firefighters are conducting defensive firefighting operations, as ther were not enough resources on scene to support an interior attack at a large house fire.

1. Safe 2. Unsafe 3. Dangerous

3,3,1,2

22

match each incident with the dangerous atmospheric condition it may create.

Propane or natural gas leak
Leaking oxygen tank
Oxygen is displaced in a confined space
By-products of combustion

1. Toxic 2. Flammable 3. Oxygen Deficient 4. Oxygen enriched

2,4,3,1

23

When something is unknown:
A. The ISO should consider it to be a potentially dangerous condition
B. The condition cannon be managed by an ISO
C. The ISO should immediately halt all response operations
D. An explosion is the ISO’s greatest concern

A. The ISO should consider it to be a potentially dangerous condition.

24

You’ve arrived at an incident where workers were trying to clean a large old underground fuel oil storage tank without appropriate PPE. The SDS for fuel oil indicates that this material is combustible. As the ISO, identify THREE potential “dangerous” conditions this situation could present.

A. The workers are trying to cut the tank apart from the inside with a torch, which could result in an explosion.
B. The hazards of this situation cannot be identified, creating a dangerous unknown condition.
C. Toxic concentrations of residual fuel may displace oxygen in the storage tank, creating an oxygen deficient atmosphere.
D. The greatest concern is a dangerous energy condition such as a tank. Collapse, because the storage tank is underground.
E. In confined spaces such as this, limited air and high accumulations of vapors can create a toxic atmosphere.

A,C,E

25

ISO Laufman has just arrived at the scene of a laboratory fire. Identify TWO ways in which Officer Laufman should be able to determine that dangerous conditions exist.

A. His gut feeling
B. The inside clues
C. The outside clues
D. His common sense clue
E. Monitoring equipment

C,D

26

Given that ISO Laufman has evaluated the incident and determined that there are imminent danger conditions present, he has the authority to:

A. Take over the role of incident commander
B. Look for clues. Inside the lab
C. Send additional resources into the lab immediately
D. Alter, suspend, or terminate the response activities

D. Alter, suspend, or terminate the response activities

27

The NFPA is:

A. The creator of EPCRA requirements
B. A voluntary standards development organization
C. A federal organization designed to enforce safety legislation
D. Responsible for studying work-related illnesses and injuries of all industries.

B. A voluntary standards development organization

28

The competencies described in the NFPA and Professional Qualification Standards:

A. Allow individuals to be accredited in a certain field
B. Often supersede laws and regulations
C. Define the knowledge and skills and required to gain certification for a specific task or job
D. Are the basis for many of the laws and regulations mandated for emergency responders.

C. Define the knowledge and skills and required to gain certification for a specific task or job.

29

NIMS was developed to:
A. Serve as an authoritative source of information on fire prevention and public safety.
B. Ensure safe working conditions by creating and enforcing safety. And health legislation.
C Help manage large numbers of people and resources during wildfires.
D. Provide a consistent nationwide approach for federal, state,local, and tribal governments to work effectively and efficiently together.

D.

30

The OSHA regulation most relevant to an ISO is:
A. 29 CFR 1926.350 Gas Welding and cutting
B. 29CFR 1910.178, Powered Industrial Trucks
C. 29 CFR 1910.120, Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response.
D. 29 CFR 1928 Subpart D, Safety for agricultural Equipment

C.

31

Identify THREE Types of information that should be included in an EOP/LERP.
A. Action-oriented checklists
B. Emergency medical treatment and first aid
C. Pre-emergency planning and coordination with outside parties
D. Safe distances and places of refuge
E. Criteria for predesignating the ISO

B,C,D

32

Each organization should establish criteria for ISO appointment by the IC based on their:

A. EOP
B. SOP
C. MAA
D. IMS

D. IMS

33

Criteria for the response of a predesignated ISO should be included in an organization’s:

A. EOP/LERP
B. Risk management plan
C. SOPs
D. ERG

C. SOPs

34

Identify the TRUE statement about ISO Tools.

A. The ISO is excluded from PPE requirements
B. A radio is essential for the ISO to stay in contact with the IC
C. ISO tools should be acquired from other responding agencies
D. Typically the ISO wears. An identifying name tag.

B

35

In an EOP/LERP, information about setting up road blocks and tracking all on-scene personnel can be found in the:

A. Site Security and Control Section
B. Safe Distance and Places of Refuge section
C. Emergency Recognition and Prevention section
D. Emergency Alerting and Response Procedures section

A

36

Identify the TRUE Statement about risk prioritization.

A. Incident frequency and severity should be determined after establishing the priorities for action.
B. Attention should be focused on low frequency/high severity incidents, as responders may not be prepared to handle these incidents and the consequences can be quite harmful.
C. Incidents of high frequency and low severity should have the highest priority in the risk analysis.
D. Low frequency/low severity incidents are too insignificant to be included in the risk analysis.

B

37

The first step in the development of a risk management plan is:

A. Compiling a list of all emergency and no emergency operations and duties.
B. Brainstorming the undesirable consequences that can result from emergency operations.
C. Considering the best possible circumstances of all operations and duties.
D. Documenting all actual hazards.

A

38

If a particular type of injury occurs repeatedly, it:

A. Should be considered a high severity injury
B. Should be a low priority in the risk analysis
C. Will most likely continue to occur until the root causes are identified
D. Needs to be addressed using the risk reduction method.

C

39

During an incident response, the ISO constantly evaluates the incident and incident action plan to:

A. Ensure that all hazards and risks are addressed
B. Continuously update the IC on resources management and rehabilitation requirements.
C. Determine the complexity of the incident management system
D. Make certain all responders are accountable at all times

A

40

Both supervisors and the ISO is responsible for ensuring that personnel:

A. Take charge when responding to a fire
B. Have a safety-first attitude
C. Feel invincible at emergency operations
D. Believe their PPE will protect them from any hazard

B

41

Identify each of the following situations as a hazard or a risk

Drinking untreated tap water
Cold snap (10 F) with a wind chill of (-25 F)
Sound levels over 95 decibels (dB)
A fast moving large wild land fire moving towards the ammunition bunkers
Extrication is required on a busy interstate.

1 Hazard 2 Risk

2,1,1,2,2

42

During emergency operations, the incident commander will rely on an incident specific risk management plan to assist with:

A. Strategic decision making
B. Determining the “rules of engagement”
C. Developing a standard level of safety
D. Identifying the level of risk members must face

A

43

Toxic atmospheres are created by:

A. large releases or clouds of hazardous materials
B. Flammable liquid spills
C. Collapse, backdrafts, or flashover.
D. Concentrations above 10% of the LEL.

A

44

To measure the amount of flammable vapors in the atmosphere, use, a:

A. Combustible gas indicator (CGI)
B. Safety data sheet (SDS)
C. Lower explosive limit (LEL) monitor
D. Self-contained breathing apparatus(SCBA)

A

45

A safe situation is:

A. Absent of hazards and risks that can lead to injuries and deaths
B. Any reduction in the degree of safety that is normally present
C. A condition that can lead to serious physical harm or permanent injury
D. Created by using tools and equipment to protect from hazards

A

46

Identify THREE outcomes of dangerous situations.

A. Permanent injury
B. Inability to escape
C. Low degree of risk
D. Serious physical harm
E. Minimal safety issues

A,B,D