Flashcards in Behavioural Explanations for Smoking - Addiction Deck (7):
What is the difference for teenagers during the initiation of smoking?
Thought nicotine can have a more positive effect for dopamine on teenage brains - more positive reinforcement
How does Chen et al support the behavioural explanation for initiation?
Studied Lewis rats who were placed in operant chambers equipped with two levers, pressing one triggered an IV injection of nicotine
- when given prolonged access both genders rapidly acquired nicotine
= shows the positive reinforcement needed for initiation
How does the behavioural explanation explain maintenance?
OC: negative reinforcement due to taking away stress levels caused by nicotine
CC: constant pairing of mild dopamine increase with everything to do with smoking. Smoking becomes a conditioned stimuli
How does Lazev et al support the explanation for maintenance?
Smoking related cues tended to produce urges and cardiac responses in smokers
- reactivity stronger among light smokers = heavy smokers don't need as many questions as they smoke a lot more
= shows how smoking can become a conditioned stimuli
How does the behavioural explanation explain relapse?
Every time you come across a stimuli this may trigger the want to smoke
- association of certain things with smoking
How does Lazev et al help to explain relapse?
CC: The cues found show how coming across a stimuli can cause the want/need to smoke