BEHP5012 Unit 3 A Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in BEHP5012 Unit 3 A Deck (35):

Which of the following is a fundamental property of behavior?



Temporal locus means that a single response:

occurs at a point in time


Expressing temporal extent as a dimensional quantity would require a measurement of:



All of the following dimensional quantities are based on the combination of two fundamental properties (repeatability and temporal locus), EXCEPT:



Frank, a BCBA, evaluates a potential client and is interested in decreasing both the number of tantrums and how long the tantrums last. He should measure:

frequency and duration


Which of the following is the best example of data?

Time spent pacing the corridors


Kristin puts a new behavior plan in place. Once training is completed, she wants to make sure staff members will now be collecting data accurately. She sits in on therapy sessions, observing and taking notes on staff performance (including data collection). The effectiveness of her evaluation method (pertaining to the long-term accuracy of staff data collection) may be most influenced by which of the following factors?



Which of the following variables is likely to have a positive impact on the collection of accurate data?

Concise response definitions


All of the following are characteristics of every good response definition, except:



Shane’s program contains the following response definition: “Non-compliance is defined as the failure to respond within 15-seconds”. This definition is…

Not acceptable, because it does not pass the dead-man's test


When structuring data collection on “tantrum behavior”, a behavior analyst is likely to utilize:

Duration measures of defined episodes


While it may be possible to quantify and measure assault _______, one could never appropriately measure ______ to do harm.

attempts; intent


When comparing inter-observer agreement (IOA) for direct continuous measures of dimensional quantities of behavior versus IOA for indirect discontinuous measures of dimensionless quantities of behavior, which of the following statements is true? IOA tends to have…

a higher percentages of agreement for indirect measures of dimensionless quantities


In the 4th edition task list, the term countability (as a dimensional quantity, defined by Johnston and Pennypacker) is now referred to as ___________.



Which of the following terms all describe one of the two broad categories of data measurement

Direct, dimensional, continuous


Ray is a student in a class with 26 other students, one teacher, and 2 teacher’s aides. Which of the following response measures would be the best for his teacher to use to collect data on Ray’s headbutt to others behavior, which his teacher estimates occurs less than 7 times per month (1-2 times a week or so)?

Event recording


Which of the following factors is necessary for event recording of “free operants” to yield useful and representative data? Each response…

W = should have a long duration

X = must be dependent on specific antecedent evocative stimuli

Y = must have a clear and well defined beginning and end

Z = should have a reasonably similar (and preferably short) duration

Y and Z


Enrique occasionally yells in class. Enrique’s teacher records the number of seconds that each yell lasts. She is using _________ to track yelling.

Duration per occurrence


Dave’s Dad measures the time between Dave being asked to take out the garbage and his actual removal of the garbage bag from the kitchen (followed by his taking it to the garage garbage bin). What type of data collection does this exemplify?



Partial interval recording, whole interval recording, and momentary time sampling all typically…

are reported as a percentage


Which of the following statements describes an improper type of IRT measurement? Measure the time between…

the beginning of one response and the end of the next


Harvey bangs his head against hard surfaces and slaps the back of his head. He has worn a helmet for several years to protect his head from injury. The BCBA wants to fade the helmet out, if possible. She removes the helmet and times how long he takes to start engaging in self-injurious behavior. She collects data over 10 trials, and her measurement provides a range of data, between 2 and 15 seconds. What type of response measure did she use?



Which of the following would yield data as percent occurrence?

Recording whether (+) or not (-) Jay brushed teeth after meal.


One major limitation to percent occurrence as a measurement technique would be that the reported percentage data will most likely not accurately represent the target behavior if there are ________.

Too few opportunities to respond


Bobby’s aggressions are brief but intense. If aggression occurs at 5:00, 5:30, 7:00, and 8:00, what is the average IRT?

60 minutes


Jose is training a new behavior technician to implement discrete trials. He watches her run a trial with a behavior analyst playing the part of a client. When the new tech is finished, he marks on a piece of paper whether or not she completed all of the teaching steps correctly. If she does not complete all steps correctly, Jose provides feedback on correct and incorrect aspects of her performance, and has her try again. Jose continues to record the number of teaching trials required until she can complete all of the steps independently. He then examines how many teaching trials it took before she reached independence. Jose is collecting data using which of the following strategies:



Estimate the IRT if the rate of aggression is 12 times per hour.

5 minutes


Dr. Wine examined Jeff's self-inflicted injuries. He coded each injury as either a "1" (minor = bruising or swelling), a "2" (moderate = laceration), or a "3" (severe - concussion or broken bone). Dr. Wine was using:

Discrete categorization


Select the discontinuous indirect response measure that would be most appropriate to use to measure a moderate rate behavior, targeted for reduction.

Partial interval recording.


For most behavior, partial interval recording tends to X its occurrence; for very high rate behavior, partial interval recording tends to Y its occurrence

X=overestimate Y=underestimate


Ele’s timer goes off every 3 minutes. She looks up to see if Patrick is engaging in cooperative play with others (during play time). If yes, she marks the data sheet with a “+”. If he is not, she marks it with a “-“. If he is out of the room, she marks it with a “0”. Ele is engaging in what activity?

Taking 3-minute momentary time sample data


This type of discontinuous data collection procedure indicates whether or not a target behavior “occurred” throughout an entire timed interval, without stopping for even one second.

Whole interval recording


Julie’s class is out on the playground. Every five minutes a timer goes off and she looks up and counts the number of children playing appropriately, and the number of children roughhousing. Julie is using which data collection method?



Which of the following is NOT an example of a permanent product?

Licking a lollipop


Given the following data between observer A and B, calculate the interval-by-interval IOA (+ = the occurrence of behavior and - = no observed behavior).

The formula for interval-by-interval agreement is the number of agreements divided by the total agreements plus disagreements multiplied by 100. The two observers agreed in eight intervals, and disagreed in two intervals. So, when eight is divided by ten and multiplied by 100 there is 80% agreement.