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Flashcards in Bible Test Hinduism Deck (49)
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1

5 religions of Eastern Religions

Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, Sikhism, Jainism

2

Describe the prime reality of eastern religions

impersonal force that functions as ground for all beings, nothing exists that isn't god

3

Compare/Contrast the Biblical and Eastern views of history

Eastern: cyclical
Western: linear

4

What is "moksha"

liberation

5

Liberation in Buddhism

Nirvana

6

Cosmic principle that determines ones life in the next life

Karma

7

Rebirth

Reincarnation

8

Hindu concept of eternal soul

Atman

9

concept of incarnation or earthly manifestation of a deity

Avatar

10

Sanskrit for "song of the Lord," crowning achievement of Hindu sacred literature

Bhagavad-Gita

11

Hindu concept of devotional service to personal god

Bhakti

12

Hindu god of creation

Brahma

13

Hindu concept for spiritual oneness of all reality

Brahman

14

Priestly caste of indian society

Brahmin

15

"race," stratified system of social classes in Hindu society

Caste

16

Spiritual teacher

guru

17

physical/psychological/social self that acts, but is not eternal

jiva

18

incarnation of Vishnu; main character of Bhagavad-Gita

Krishna

19

Hindu concept of false or illusory reality

Maya

20

Focused, disciplined concentration to enable experience of the sacred

Meditation

21

Liberation from death to rebirth cycle

Moksha

22

Cycle of rebirth

Samsara

23

Hindu god of destruction and rejuvenation

Shiva

24

"below" the caste system, outcasts

Untouchables

25

Philosophical materials in Vedic literature

Upanishads

26

"knowledge," entire collection of Indian sacred literature

Vedas

27

Hindu god of preservation and love, appears on earth in various forms in crisis

Vishnu

28

revelation

sruti

29

tradition

smriti

30

Mythology of thousands of Hindu gods

Puranas