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Flashcards in Biblical Hebrew 3 Deck (28)
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י Matres Lectionis

Matres Lectionis î and ê

In the first stage (9th-6th c. B.C.E.), they only added vowels at the end of words. The new “vowels” were simply the consonants ו ,י, and ה, which could now act at the end of words as the vowels î (י), û (ו), and āh/ēh/ōh (ה). We call each of these vowels a “mater lectionis

1

ו Matres Lectionis

Matres Lectionis ô and û

In the first stage (9th-6th c. B.C.E.), they only added vowels at the end of words. The new “vowels” were simply the consonants ו ,י, and ה, which could now act at the end of words as the vowels î (י), û (ו), and āh/ēh/ōh (ה). We call each of these vowels a “mater lectionis

2

מ Matres Lectionis

Matres Lectionis āh ēh ōh
In the first stage (9th-6th c. B.C.E.), they only added vowels at the end of words. The new “vowels” were simply the consonants ו ,י, and ה, which could now act at the end of words as the vowels î (י), û (ו), and āh/ēh/ōh (ה). We call each of these vowels a “mater lectionis

3

â

oo as in sch â l

4

מ_

[A] as in father short vowel patah מ_= ma

5

מ
T

[A] as in father long vowel as in qamáts ✝= ā, מ✝= mā

6

Patáh
.

Short Vowel
All “A” vowels are pronounced [ɑ] as in “father.”
Hebrew מ_
Transliteration a

7

qamáts

Long Vowel
All “A” vowels are pronounced [ɑ] as in “father.”
Hebrew מ
T
Transliteration mā

8

Qamáts malé with Matres Lectionis

Long Vowel: Mater Lectionis
Hebrew מה✝
Māh
Name qamáts malé
A

Transliteration
It is customary in regard to Hebrew vowels to speak of length as well as quality. Though this distinction is probably valid for the earlier pronunciation, it is doubtful whether vowel quantity (length) played any important part in the original Tiberian tradition. In other words, even though we speak of “short” and “long” vowels, we don’t distinguish the length of the Hebrew vowels in our pronunciation. The length is important to note, however, because later it will help us to explain certain grammatical phenomena in Hebrew.

9

Î

י sound is ee

10

ê

Don't know

11

ô

oo like in school or (or) like in oar

12

û

oo like in school

13

heh

ה

14

het
.

ח
h
.
Bach

15

ו As a consonant

This is a oo or û sound like in school, when using a vav at the end of the word as a consonant ו = ô or û

16

vav

ו

17

Circumflex

The circumflex is a diacritic in the Latin and Greek scripts that is used in the written forms of many languages and in various romanization and transcription schemes. It received its English name from Latin circumflexus 'bent around'

18

yod

י

19

Nikkud

Vowel pointing

20

מ
-

patah and it has a simple (a) to make the word ma

21

מ
T

qamáts still the (a) as in father and this is pronounced ah. This word is pronounced mā

22

macron

ā ē ī ō ū it has a line on top

23

qamáts malé

Don't know

24

ā

ah

25

מה
T

māh

26

מ
T

27

מ
-

ma