Bicycle helmet use in Canada the need for legislation to reduce the risk of head injury Flashcards Preview

CPS Statements > Bicycle helmet use in Canada the need for legislation to reduce the risk of head injury > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bicycle helmet use in Canada the need for legislation to reduce the risk of head injury Deck (16):
1

What percentage of Canadian children have ridden a bicycle at least once in the past 12 months?

91% 5-12yo
77% 13-17yo

2

How frequent are bike related injuries?

4% of all ED injuries
7% of all hospital admissions for unintentional injury
5th leading cause of child hospitalization
5% of all deaths due to unintentional injury
30-53% of bicycling fatalities occur in children and youth

3

How frequent are bicycling related head injuries?

20-40% of all bicycling injuries
45-100% of child and youth bicycling deaths

4

How much does helmet use reduce the risk of head and brain injuries?

60-69%

5

How much does helmet use reduce the risk of severe brain injuries?

58-74%

6

How much does helmet use reduce the risk of facial injuries?

47-65%

7

How much does helmet use reduce the risk of fatal injury?

73%

8

What is the increase in helmet use post legislation?

At least 30%
Highest in regions with all ages legislaton

9

What is the difference in head injury risk post legislation?

Studies have been inconclusive but difficult to assess as does not control for whether injured individual was actually wearing a helmet

10

What is the association between helmet use and risk compensation?

Inconclusive

11

What is the association between helmet use and ridership?

In summary, the evidence of a reduction in bicycling among children and adolescents following helmet legislation is mixed, and few studies have adequately accounted for existing bicycling trends independent of a helmet law.

12

Can bicycle helmet legislation affect use without enforcement?

Yes

13

What does the CPS recommend?

1. All jurisdictions in Canada should legislate and enforce bicycle helmet use for all ages
2. Legislation should be rolled out using social marketing and education to raise awareness
3. Other strategies to prvent injuries should be implemented concurrently
4. MD should counsel families about the importance of wearing bicycle helmets
5. Sales tax exemptions or rebates and federal tax credits to make purchase of bicycle helmets less expensive should be adopted

14

Which provinces are excellent and meet all CPS recommendations?

BC, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, PEI

15

Which provinces are good and need to amend current legislation to include all age groups?

Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario

16

Which provinces are poor and have no current legislation?

Saskatchewan, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador, Yukon, NWT, Nunavut

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