Big List - Unit 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Big List - Unit 1 Deck (29):
1

Nation-State

A political unit with a defined territory, organized under a government and having the authority to make and enforce law.

2

Sovereignty

The authority of a nation-state's right to rule itself

3

Divine Right Theory

The belief that rulers derive their authority directly from God.

4

Social Contract Theory

The governed and those governing it have obligations to each other and that the people support the gov't and the gov't will protect the rights of the people

5

Evolution Theory

The concept that governments were formed as a result of an extension of the family.

6

Force Theory

The concept that governments were formed as a result of one group's conquest over another

7

Elite

A smalland privileged group who have a disproportionate share of money or political influence.

8

Unitary Government

A form of gov't in which all of the powers of gov't are held by a single unit or agency.

9

Confederation

A political system in which a weak central gov't has limited authority and the states have the ultimate power.

10

Presidential System

A form of gov't in which the executive and legislative branches are separate and function independently.

11

Parliamentary System

A form of gov't in which the execute leaders are chosen by and responsible to the legislature.

12

Anarchy

The absence of gov't. May be viewed as utopian or chaotic.

13

Dictatorship

A form of gov't in which an absolute ruler controls the power, often through fear and force, and ignores the will of the people.

14

Monarchy

Gov't in which the ruler's power is hereditary.

15

Oligarchy

Ruled by few.

16

Aristocracy

Ruled by the noble class

17

Plutocracy

Rule by the wealthy.

18

Direct Democracy

A democratic system of gov't in which all citizens participate in politics and decision making.

19

Representative Democracy

A system in which policies are made by officials accountable to the people who elected them.

20

Totalitarian

The gov't controls everything the people do.

21

Authoritarian

The gov't controls the people's political life.

22

Capitalism

An economic system characterized by open competition in a free market and based on private ownership of the means of production.

23

Socialism

An economic system that advocates gov't ownership of the means of production.

24

Constitution

A plan, often written, that details the rules, functions and principles of a gov't

25

Popular Sovereignty

The fundamental principle that the power to govern belongs to the people.

26

Separation of Powers

The division of a gov'ts executive, legislative, and judicial powers into three different branches.

27

Checks & Balances

A system in which political power is divided among the three branches of gov't, with each having some control over the others.

28

Limited Government

A system in which gov'ts powers are restricted and individual's rights are protected.

29

Federalism

The division of governmental power between the national government and the states.