Flashcards in Biliary Tract Disease Deck (17):
What can gallstones cause?
Colic - pain
Who is likely to present with gall stones?
Increases with age
Women more likely than men.
(Except for stewart)
Why does gall stone increase with age?
Bile flow slowed
Why do gallstones form?
Abnormal bile composition
What forms mixed gall stones?
What are the risk factors for gallstones?
The five F's
Where does a gallstone lodge to cause biliary colic?
Beck of gall bladder
What is biliary colic?
Stone impacting on the cystic duct
Pain builds up slowly in RUQ
Pain lasts for 2-6 hours
What is the differential diagnosis for severe acute epigastric pain?
Peptic ulcer disease
How do you test for gallstones?
Ultrasound - best
Will you see a gallstones X-ray?
No. The bile does not pick it up
Will you see a kidney stone on x-ray?
Yes. It is composed of calcium
What is the treatment for acute cholecystitis?
What symptoms are there if the gall stone migrate to the common bile duct?
how does a gall stone cause acute pancreatiits?
Gall stone is stuck at the bottom of the common bile duct
What is the best treatment for gall bladder pancreatitis?