Bio 141 Notes (2/04/14) Flashcards Preview

Bio 141 > Bio 141 Notes (2/04/14) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bio 141 Notes (2/04/14) Deck (13):
1

Proteins (Functions)

structure, signaling, enzymes, etc

2

proteins are made up of...

amino acids

3

What are the building blocks of protein called?

carboxyl
amino

4

Amino Acids

peptide linkage formation
various chemical properties
charged

5

Primary Structure

sequence of amino acids
R-groups are side chains

6

2 kinds of secondary structure

alpha helix
beta pleated sheet
involve H-bonds among polypeptide strands

7

Tertiary Structure

includes all folds of polypeptide
3-D

8

Polypeptide

amino acids strung together

9

Quaternary Structure

results from interactions among polypeptides

10

Enzymes

suffix '-ase'
make reactions happen - do stuff
active site

11

substrate

reactant, what an enzyme reacts upon
fits into active site

12

amylyse

break down stratch

13

What force holds the alpha helix and beta pleated sheet together?

Hydrogen Bond