Bio Test One: Characteristics Of Living Things Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bio Test One: Characteristics Of Living Things Deck (55):
1

Living Things Are Made Up Of Basic Units Called

Cells

2

Living Things Are Based On A Universal Genetic

Code

3

Living Things Grow, Develop, And

Reproduce

4

Living Things Respond To Their As They Mature

Environment

5

Living Things Maintain A Stable

Tempurature Environment

6

Living Things Obtain And Use Materials And

Energy

7

The Genetic Molecule Common To All Living Things Is

DNA

8

The Internal Process Of Enables Living Things To Survive Changing Conditions

HomeoStasis

9

Living Things Are Capable Of Responding To Different Types Of

Stimuli

10

Living Things Have A Long History Of Change

Evolutionary

11

The Continuation Of Life Depends On Both And

Asexual Sexual Reproduction

12

The Combination Of Chemical Reactions That Make Up And Organism's Help To Organize Raw Materials Into Living Matter

MetaBolIsm

13

Cellular Basis Of Life

Living Things Are Made Of Cells

14

Information And Heredity

Living Things Are Based On A Universal Genetic Code Written In A Molecule Called DNA

15

Matter And Energy

Life Requires Matter That Provides Raw Materials, Nutrients, And Energy

16

Growth, Development, And Reproduction

All Living Things Reproduce

17

HomeoStasis

Living Things Maintain A Relatively Stable Internal Environment

18

Evolution

Taken As A Group, Living Things Evolve, Linked To A Common Origin

19

Structure And Function

Each Major Group Of Organisms Has Evolved Structures That Make Particular Functions Possible

20

Unity And Diversity Of Life

All Living Things Are Fundamentally Similar At The Molecular Level

21

Independence In Nature

All Forms Of Life On Earth Are Connected Into A Biosphere - A Living Planet

22

Science As A Way Of Knowing

Science Is Not Just A List Of Facts But A Way Of Knowing. The Job Of Science Is To Use Observations, Questions, And Experiments To Explain The Natural World In Terms Of Natural Forces And Events

23

Things That Living Things Must Have

Grows
Feeds
Provides Life For More Living Things Reproduce
Reproduce
Some Sort Of Respiration
HomeoStasis Repair
Excretion
Response To Environment
DNA
Cells
Develops
Produces Energy
Food

24

What Is Life

Life Cannot Be Defined By One Sentence

25

Properties Of Life

Organization
Evolutionary
Adaptation
Response To The Environment
Regulation
Energy Processing
Reproduction
Growth
And
Development
Genetic Code

26

Organization

BioSphere
Ecosystem
Community
Population Species
Organsim
Organs And Organ Systems
Tissues
Cells
Organelles
Molecules

27

BioSphere

Living Planet

28

EcoSystem

Is Itself Abiotic But Contains Biotic Things All The Abiotic And Biotic Things In An Area

29

Community

Different Groups Of Species In An Area Habitat

30

Cells

The Smallest Structural And Functional Unit Living Of An Organism

31

Organelles

Any Number Of Organized Or Specialized Structures Within A Cell MitoChondrion Nucleus

32

Molecule

A Group Of Atoms Bonded Together, Representing The Smallest Fundamental Unit Of A Chemical Compound That Can Take Part In A Chemical Reaction

33

Three Main Forms Of Cells

All Cells Share Certain Characteristics
All Enclosed By Membrane
Use DNA As Genetic Info
Eukaryotic Contain Various Membrane Enclosed Organelles And Other Internal Membranes
ProkaRyotic
Contain Only CytoPlasm, DNA And Ribosomes Within The Cell Membrane

34

Eukaryotic

Contain Various Membrane Enclosed Organelles And Other Internal Membranes

35

ProkaRyotic

Contain Only CytoPlasm, DNA And Ribosomes Within The Cell Membrane Single Celled

36

Evolution

Accounts For Life'S Unity And Diversity
The History OF Life Is A Saga
How Species Change Over Time
Diversity Is A HallMark Of Life
Response To The Environment
Every Organism Interacts With It's Environment
Both Organism And Environment Are Affected By The Interactions Between Them

37

Response To The Environment

Response To The Environment
Every Organism Interacts With It's Environment
Both Organism And Environment Are Affected By The Interactions Between Them

38

Genetic Code

Cells Contain Chromosomes Made Partly Of Dna The Substance Of Genes
DNA Programs The Cells Production Of Proteins That Transmits Information From Parents to OffSpring

39

DNA

A Molecular Structure OF DNA Accounts For It Information Rich Nature Deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material present in nearly all living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes It is the carrier of genetic information

40

Regulation And HomeoStasis

MainTain A Stable Environment
All Organsims Expend Energy To MainTain A Consisten Internal Environment Regardless Of Changes In External Conditions This Process Is Called HomeoStasis

41

Metabolism Energy Conversion

The Activities Of Life Require Organisms To Perform Work Which Depends On An Energy Source
Energy Flows From SunLight To Producers To Consumers
The Exchange Of Energy Between An Organism And It's Surroundings Often Involves The Transformation Of One Form Of Energy To Another
Energy Flows Through An EcoSystem Usually Entering As SunLight And Exiting As Heat
All Living Things Begin As A Single Cell Which Grows And Develops Sometimes Multiplying And Differenciating Into A MultiCellular Individual That May Continue Throughout It's LifeTime
All Organisms Produce New Similar Organisms In A Process Called Reproduction Some Organisms Produce Sexually Others Produce ASexually

42

Growth Development And Reproduction

All Living Things Begin As A Single Cell Which Grows And Develops Sometimes Multiplying And Differenciating Into A MultiCellular Individual That May Continue Throughout It's LifeTime
All Organisms Produce New Similar Organisms In A Process Called Reproduction Some Organisms Produce Sexually Others Produce ASexually

43

Taxonomy

Is The Branch Of Biology That Names And Classifies Species According To A System Of Broader And Broader Groups

44

Life Is Classified Into Three Domains

Bacteria Single Celled
Archaea Ancient But Fairly Recently Discovered Lives Where We DidN'T Think It Could Live In Extreme Conditions
Eukarya The Only Domain That Has Organisms That HAs Cells That Have A Nucleus

45

Domain Bacteria And Domain Archaea

Consists Or Prokaryotes

46

Domain Eukarya, The Eukaryotes

Includes The Various Protist Kingdoms And The Kingdoms PlanTae, Fungi, And Animalia

47

Plantae

The Taxonomic KingDom Consisting Of All Living Or Extinct Plants

48

Fungi

Plural Form Of Fungus Any of a group of unicellular, multicellular, or syncytial spore-producing organisms feeding on organic matter, including molds, yeast, mushrooms, and toadstools

49

Animalia

Animals Are MultiCellular SingleCellular EukaRyotic Organisms Of The Kingdom Animalia All animals are motile, meaning they can move spontaneously and independently at some point in their lives

50

ProkaRyote

A microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a distinct nucleus with a membrane nor other specialized organelles Prokaryotes include the bacteria and cyanobacteria

51

Bacteria

ProkaRyote Single Celled UniCellular Organisms W/O A Nucleus Archaea EuBacteria

52

Order

Species - Can Reproduce With Eachother
Genus - Similar Characteristics Subordinate Kinds
Family - United By Significant Shared Characteristic
Order - Taxonomic Category Below Family Above Class
Class - Common Attribute
PhyLum - Algae Fungi Plants
Kingdom - Animalia, Plantae, Fungi, Protista, Monera
Domain - EukaRyota, Bacteria, Archaea
ChorData - Spinal Chord
Dear King Philip Came Over For Great Sushi

53

Order

Dear King Philip Came Over For Great Sushi

54

HomeoStasis

Keeps A Stable Internal Environment Even When External Conditions Change Dramatically

55

Stimuli Stimulus

A Stimulus Is A Signal To Which An Organism Responds