Bio197-lab9&10BONES Flashcards Preview

E: BIO 107 > Bio197-lab9&10BONES > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bio197-lab9&10BONES Deck (112):
0

Frontal bone

Forms the forehead

1

Parietal bone

Forms the sides of the head

2

Temporal bone

Surrounds the external ear opening (tympanic part)

3

Squamous suture

Separates the temporal (around ear) and parietal (sides of head) bones

4

External acoustic meatus

Canal leading from eardrum to middle ear

5

Styloid process

Needle-like pointed projection near the jaw and below the external acoustic meatus

6

Mastoid process

Rough projection below the external acoustic meatus and styloid process

Looks like a corner, parallel to jaw

7

Occipital bone

Back/ lower part of your head

8

Lamboid suture

Across back of skull

Separates parietal (sides of head) and occipital (back of head) bones

9

Foramen magnum

Large circular opening at the base of occipital lobe

Where spinal cord joins the brain

10

Occipital condyles

Round/kidney shaped projections(2) on base of skull next to the foremen magnum (opening)

11

Sphenoid bone

"Bat shaped," behind eye balls in skull, is the width of skull

12

Ethmoid bone

BACK OF THE EYE SOCKET for test

NOT: Little bones in skull in the nose area (3)
Forms the roof of nasal cavity, upper nasal septum, and part of the medial orbit walls

13

Mandible

Lower jaw bone

14

Mental foramen

2 little holes in the front of the jaw

15

Sagittal suture

Down the middle

Separates the parietal bone (sides of skull)

16

Occipital mastoid suture

Separates the occipital (back lower skull) and temporal bones (ear)

17

Maxillae

2 fused bones to form upper jaw, below nose, part of eye sockets

18

Lacrimal bone

Small bone forms part of eye socket, between ethmoid and maxilla

Right off nasal bone

19

Zygomatic bone

Cheek bone, side of eye sockets
OFF EYE

20

Nasal bone

Forms the bridge of nose

21

Vomer

Separates nasal cavity, forms nasal septum

22

Frontal sinus

Above eyebrows/ forehead

23

Ethmoid air cells

In-between eyes

24

Sphenoidal sinus

On bridge of nose, temples

BELOW ethmoid air cells

25

Maxillary sinus

Cheeks

26

Atlas

C1, no spinous process, giant vertebra, foramen

Allows head to move up and down

27

Axis

C2, "dens," fits into axis

Allows head to turn right to left

28

Cervical vertebrae

7 total C1-C7

Smallest, lightest, triangular, thin, get longer

29

Thoracic vertebrae

12 total, Mid-back, long thin processes, downward angle

"GIRAFFE"

30

Lumbar vertebrae

5 total, short thick, stubby processes

"MOOSE"

31

Sacrum

5 fused bone, triangle shaped

32

Coccyx

Triangular tip/point of sacrum

33

Fontanelles

Fibrous membranes that connect infant skull bones together.

They don't have skull sutures

34

Clavicle

Collar bone, wavy shape

35

Acromial end of clavicle

Enlarged, rough end

Connects to shoulder

36

Sternal end of clavicle

Smooth, pointed edge

Connects to sternum

37

Scapulae

Shoulder blade

38

Spine- on scapulae

On the back of shoulder blade, a raised line, diagonal

39

Acromion- scapulae

Connected to the spine, sticks out, rough rounded part

40

Coracoid process- scapulae

The other process that sticks out, pointed more, next to the acromion, attachment point for joints/muscles

41

Supraspinous fossa- scapulae

Area above the spine

42

Infraspinous fossa

Area below the spine

43

Medial border- scapulae

Inside of shoulder blade

Medial-towards the center of body

44

Lateral border- scapulae

Outside of shoulder

Lateral- away from the body

45

Subscapular fossa- scapulae

The FRONTS flat area of the shoulder blade

46

Glenoid cavity- scapulae

Round socket where humerus fits into

47

Humerus

Upper arm bone

"M" shape on the bottom of the bone

48

Greater tubercle- humerus

The smaller outside bump

Next to the head of the humerus

49

Head of humerus

Large ball of top that fits into shoulder blade

50

Lesser tubercle- humerus

FRONT side, comes off the head, smaller raised rounded part

51

Deltoid tuberosity- humerus

Midpoint on FRONT, rough indentation

52

Radial fossa- humerus

Outside indentation, FRONT view

Next to coracoid fossa

53

Coracoid fossa- humerus

Middle indentation, FRONT view

54

Capitulum-humerus

The ball on the bottom, part of the "M" shape, FRONT view

55

Medial epicondyle- humerus

Raised rounded bump that goes towards the body, opposite side as the capitulum

Medial- towards the body
Epicondyle- bottom of bones

56

Trochlea- humerus

The "m" shaped part, seen from front and back views

57

Olecranon fossa- humerus

BACK view, the hollow indentation at the bottom

58

Lateral epicondyle- humerus

The bottom of the bone, bump, goes away from the body, opposite of the medial epicondyle

Lateral- away from the body
Epicondyle- bottom of bone

59

Radius

Lower arm bone, has flat round edge (top)

Thumb side, like radial pulse

60

Ulna

Lower arm bone, coming off of the pinky

Top looks like ice cream scooper

61

Olecranon- ulna

Top/back part of "ice cream scooper" part, fits into olecranon fossa of humerus (back side)

62

Radial notch of the ulna

Where the top round/flat part of the radius fits into the ulna

Front view, lateral

63

Trochlear notch- ulna

Inside the "ice cream scooper"

64

Coronoid process- ulna

Front of the "u" shape in ice cream scooper

65

Head of the radius

The flat rounded top end

66

Radial styloid process

The bottom, pointed edge of the radius

67

Ulnar styloid process

The small pointed projection on the bottom of the ulna

68

Hand bones memory device

Thumb side in and repeat (for order)

Some- scaphoid
Lovers- lunate
Try- triquetrum
Positions- pisiform
That- trapezium
They- trapezoid
Can't- capitate
Handle- hamate

69

Carpals

The little hand bones (with phrase)

70

Metacarpals

5 (fingers under skin)

71

Phalanges

Visible fingers

3 parts- distal (tip), middle, promixal (bottom)

72

Coxal bone

Hip bone

73

3 parts of hip bone

1. Illium
2. Pubis
3. Ischium

74

Illium- hip

The "elephant ears" smooth top part

75

Pubis- hip

Front curve part of hip bone, pelvic area

76

Ischium- hip

Butt part, has the openings (obturator formen)

77

Iliac crest- hip

The rounded, top edge of illium

78

Sacroiliac joint- hip

Where the sacrum would fit into

79

Anterior superior iliac spine

The first, top bump on side of hip

FRONT view

80

Anterior inferior iliac spine

The second bump on the side of the hip

FRONT view

81

Acetabulum- hip

Joint socket where the femur fits into

82

Pubic symphysis

Piece of cartilage that connects the 2 sides of the hip together

83

Posterior superior iliac spine

BACK view, the first/top bump on side of hip

84

Posterior inferior iliac spine

BACK view, the second bump on the side of the hil

85

Obturator foramen

Big holes in the bottom of the hip

86

Female hips

Wider, farther away

87

Male hips

Tall, heart shaped, larger, closer

88

Femur

Thigh bone

89

Head- femur

Giant ball on the end

90

Fovea capitis- thigh

Small hole indentation in the head

91

Neck- thigh

Area in between head and rest of bone

92

Greater trochanter- thigh

The top of the outer bump coming off the neck

93

Lesser trochanter- thigh

The lower bump coming off the neck

94

Gluteal tuberosity- thigh

Site of muscle attachment at top of shaft, below lesser trochanter

95

Linea aspera- thigh

Center of the shaft, site of muscle attachment

96

Lateral epicondyle- thigh

Side, bottom of bone, going away from the body

97

Medial epicondyle- thigh

Side, bottom of bone, going towards the body

98

Lateral condyle- thigh

BACK view, back bottom of bone

99

Medial condyle- thigh

BACK view, back bottom of the bone, towards the body

100

Tibia

Shin bone

101

Lateral condyle- tibia/shin

Outside part of the top of shin bone

Away from the body

102

Medial condyle- shin

Inside, top part of bone

Towards body

103

Tibial tuberosity- shin

Top couple bumps on shin bone

104

Medial malleolus- tibia

Point at the bottom of the shin bone

INNER ANKLE, how to tell front/back/side

105

Fibula

Connects with the tibia, not weight bearing

106

Head- fibula

Top rounded part

107

Lateral malleolus- fibula

Bottom point of the bone, outer ankle?

108

Foot bones memory device

Tiger- talus
Cubs- calcaneus
Need- navicular
M- medial cuneiform
I- intermediate cuneiform
L- lateral cuneiform
C- cuboid

109

Tarsals

7 little foot bones

110

Metatarsals

5 toes (under skin)

111

Phalanges

Visible toes