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Flashcards in Biochem 2 Deck (25):
0

Shorthand method for writing out chemical reactions occurring among atoms in molecules

Chemical equation

1

Type of reaction involving creation of a water molecule to form covalent bonds between monomers to produce polymers

Dehydration synthesis rxn

2

Type of carbohydrate that turns dark blue black when iodine is added

Polysaccharide

3

Can be used to identity the total number did protons and Neutrons in the nucleus of an atom

Atomic mass number

4

Term used to describe molecules with the same number and type of atoms but arranged differently

Isomers

5

Organic molecule always containing C H and O which can be used by plants or animals in form of short term energy storage with structural support

Carbohydrate

6

Type of lipid in which the fatty acid part has the max number of H atoms bonded to C atoms (no double covalent bond between C atoms)

Saturated Fat

7

Located in outermost energy levels of atoms and are responsible for all chemical reactions

Valence electrons

8

Abbreviated form for the names of elements

Atomic symbol

9

Number used to indicate number of individual atoms in molecular formula

Subscript

10

Atoms of an element that has the same number if protons and electrons but differ in number if neutrons

Isotope

11

Type of compound that involves ionic bonding of ions having opposite electrical charges

Ionic compound

12

Model that describes how enzymes slightly change shape to fit substrate

Induced fit model

13

Enzymes catalyze biochemical reactions by lowering what form of energy?

Activation energy

14

Type of lipid that is primary long term energy storage molecule for many plants and animals made of glyceride bonds to three fatty acid chains

Triglyceride

15

Type of lipid molecule that makes up outer membrane of cells

Phospholipid

16

Short hand method to showing atoms that make up a molecule

Chemical formula

17

Type of lipid molecule that helps with structural rigidity of the cell membrane

Cholesterol

18

Occurs to protein if bonds are somehow disrupted temporarily or permanently

Denatured

19

Type of amino acids that is used to form disulfide bridges within a protein

Cysteine

20

A group of atoms that are bonded to a larger molecule and give it a special chemical property such as making it hydrophilic/hydrophobic or acid/base

Functional group

21

Level of protein structure that involves two or more subunit proteins

Quaternary

22

The quaternary protein that is used within red blood cells to. Arty o2 and co2

Hemoglobin

23

A widely used method to reliably date the age of fossilized remains if a once living organism

Radioisotopic dating

24

The time it takes for half the given amount of radioisotopes to decay into something else

Radioisotope half life