‼️BIOCHEM - Lipids Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ‼️BIOCHEM - Lipids Deck (20):
1

Fatty acids are classified accdg to

Degree of saturation

2

Trans fat means the groups are _____ sides of the double bond

Opposite

3

Essential fatty acids

Linoleic and linolenic fatty acids

4

FA 1,0

Formic acid

5

FA 2,0

Acetic acid

6

FA 3,0

Propionic acid

7

FA 4,0

Butyric acid

8

Palmitic acid contains how many carbons?

16

9

Oleic acid structure

18: 1; 9

10

Linoleic acid structure

18: 2; 9,12

11

Linolenic acid structure

18: 3; 9,12,15

12

Structure of arachidonic acid

20: 4; 5,8,11,14

13

Deficiency in linolenic acid results in

Decreased vision and altered learning behavior

14

Precursor of arachidonic acid

Linoleic acid

15

Naming using omega starts with the

Last carbon atom

16

Omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids are associated with

Dec cardiovascular disease
Lowers thromboxane production
Reduced tendency of platelets to aggregate

17

Humans can produce fatty acids with double bonds beyond

Carbon 9

18

Major organs involved in fatty acid synthesis

Liver
Lactating mammary glands

Minor: adipose tissue

19

Rate limiting reaction and enzyme in fatty acid synthesis

Acetyl coa + ATP to malonyl CoA
Enzyme: acetyl Coa carboxylase

20

Fatty acids are made of long chains of

Carboxylic acids