Biocrime and Bioterrorism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Biocrime and Bioterrorism Deck (19):
1

bioterrorism

use of biological weapons; deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, other germs(agents) to cause illness or death

2

why do it

terrorize,
murder or mass murder,
incapacitate,
political statement,
anti-agriculture statement,
extortion, disruption, revenge

3

biocrime

scaled down version of bioterrorism; potential for escalation; use biological agent

4

pathogen

naturally occuring microorganisms that cause disease (visurses, bacteria, fungi, protists, parasites)

5

toxin

poisonous chemicals produced by a living organism; not self-replicating

6

why use biological agents

natural or modified, resistance, spreading, inexpensive, detection, identification

7

aerosol dissemination

aerosol cloud, breathed in, large particles, large area
-anthrax

8

water contamination

many pathogens with significant impact are water-borne however we are not particularly vulnerable- dilution+filtration

9

food contamination

uncooked or improperly stored, food industries are centralized, food imported

10

direct application

injected or applied to skin

11

insect vectors

flea- plague, mosquitos- yellow fever

12

consequences of use

no indication of attack; first evidence takes weeks; natural v dilberate; panic

13

reasons for concern

increasing terrorist gorups; size/expense/ease equipment; groups gaining resources/sophistication; interested in mass casualties; internet

14

CDC- centers for disease control and prevention

federal agency/national public health institute; protect public- control and prevention of disease

15

Category A agents

high risk; easy transmission; high death rates; panic; require special action
[anthrax, botulism, plague, smallpox, tularemia, VHF- ebola]

16

category b agents

moderately easy to disseminate, moderate morbidity rates, low mortality, require specific enhancements, [typhus fever, food safety threats, water safety threats, glanders, q fever, viral encephalitis, staphylococcal]

17

category c agents

emerging pathogens that could be engineering in the future; availability, distribution, morbidity and mortality; [nipah, hantavirus]

18

past biological warefare

germans- anthrax + more
testing on POW
japanese- plague fleas

19

steps in investigation

1. verify diagnosis
2. establish a case definition
3. identify similar cases
4. verify breakout
5. develop hypothesis
6. test hypothesis
7. control and prevention measures
8. communicate