Biology of Manual Therapies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Biology of Manual Therapies Deck (10):
1

Define mechanotransduction.

stimulation of a mechanoreceptor which leads to opening of ion channels, thereby altering the membrane potential of the cell causing action potential to form.

2

Define tensegrity.

isolated components under compression do not touch each other, and the tensioned membres form the spacial arrangment

3

Where does mechanotransduction primarily occur?

1. muscle tissue (contraction type)

2. nervous tissue (communication)

3. epithelial tissue (membranes and glands)

4. connective tissue (nutrients, support, strength)

4

What is the purpose of tensegrity?

  1. local changes in shape affect the entire connected structure in order to prevent ultimate collapse.

5

What provides cells structure and sensitivity ?

  1. Cell:cell connnection with Cell:ECM provides structural stability with sensitivity and ability to respond to mechanical stimulus.
  2. Therefore changes in ECM release solubel factors able to affect local and distal tissues.

6

WHat happens if there is injury to an area?

  1. nociceptive neurons release substance P (dilate blood vessels) and promote mast cell recruitment to release histamine. 
  2. This increases inflammation which is good and bad

7

Why is inflammation good for our bodies?

It prepares teh cells for a massive attack from the immune system

8

Why is inflammation detrimental to our bodies?

Our bodies are very bad at regulating inflammation, and can lead to chronic inflammation with other detrimental effects.

9

What is a viscero-somatic reflex?

inflammation that leads to referred pain. Increases blood flow and temperature cuasing pain. 

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