Biomechanics And Kinesiology - Mechanics Of Joint Function, Tendons And Ligaments Flashcards Preview

Biomechanics And Kinesiology > Biomechanics And Kinesiology - Mechanics Of Joint Function, Tendons And Ligaments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Biomechanics And Kinesiology - Mechanics Of Joint Function, Tendons And Ligaments Deck (6):
1

Cartilage fails when

- repetitive matrix stressing causes loosening of collagen network
- high contact pressures between joint surfaces
- joint surface incongruity affects load distribution over joint surfaces and increases stress

2

Osteoarthritis

- chronic degenerative disorder related to ageing

3

Rheumatoid arthritis

- chronic systemic inflammatory disorder primarily affecting joints, but also lungs, kidneys and heart

4

Gout

- recurrent attacks of acute inflammatory arthritis

5

Tendons

- attach muscle to bone
- transmit tensile loads from muscle to bone

6

Ligaments

- join bone to bone
- increases joint stability