Biomed Ch 6&7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Biomed Ch 6&7 Deck (57):
1

Anatomy

Study of shape and structure of human body

2

Physiology

Study of functions of human body

3

Anatomical position

When body is erect facing forward with arms at sides and palms facing up

4

Mid sagittal plane

Vertical plane divides body into equal left and right halves

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Horizontal plane

Divides the body into upper and lower portions

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Cytoplasm

Gel like fluid inside the cell

7

Organelle

Part of cell that performs a definite function

8

Nucleus

Center of cell, Carries genetic information

9

Proximal

Park closer to the trunk of the body

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Visceral

Internal organs or covering of organs

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Periatal

Wall of a body cavity

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Appendicular

Region of the body that consist of the limbs

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Stem cells

Immature, unspecialized cells capable of replication and differentiation into other types of cells or tissues

14

Connective tissue's

Bind and support other tissues

15

What is the organizational levels of the body

Cells, tissues, organs, systems

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What are the two major cavities in the body

Dorsal and ventral

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What does the axial portion of the body consist of

Head, neck, trunk

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What does the appendicular portion of the body consist of

arms, legs

19

What is the simplest organizational level of the human body

Cells

20

What is the federal government's lead agency for scientific research on oral, dental, and cranial facial disease

NIDCR

21

What is the portion of the skeleton that consists of the skull, spinal column, ribs, sternum

Axial skeleton

22

What is the portion of the skeleton that consists of the upper extremities and shoulder girdle plus the lower extremities and pelvic girdle

Appendicular skeleton

23

What is a specialize connective tissue that covers all bones of the body

Periosteum

24

What are cells that are associated with bone formation

Osteoblasts

25

What anchors the periosteum to the bone

Sharpies fibers

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What forms the outer layer of bones where it is needed for strength

Compact bone

27

What is the lighter bone found in the interior of bones

Cancellous bone

28

What is a tough connective, nonvascular, elastic tissue

Cartilage

29

What is another term for joints

Articulation

30

Pericardium

A double walled sack that encloses the heart

31

Arteries

Large blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart

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Veins

Blood vessels that carry blood to the heart

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Central nervous system

Composed of the brain and spinal cord

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Peripheral nervous system

Composed of the cranial nerves and spinal nerves

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Neurons

Direct nerve impulses

36

Peristalsis

A rhythmic action that moves food through the digestive tract

37

Integumentary system

Involves the skin

38

What are the 3 types of muscles tissues

Smooth, striated, cardiac

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Which muscle is striated in appearance but resembles smooth muscle in action

Cardiac

40

What is a common muscular disorder

Muscular dystrophy

41

What is a function of the circulatory system

Regulate body temperature and chemical stability and provide the body with nutrients

42

What do the heart chambers consist of

Atria, ventricles

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What are the functions of a blood vessel

Carry blood away from heart, connect the arterial and venous system, carry blood towards heart

44

What is the primary function of the lymph system

Destroy harmful microorganisms

45

What tissues make up the lymph system

Lymph vessels, nodes, fluid

46

What system makes up the nervous system

Central nervous system, peripheral nervous system

47

The autonomic nervous system is divided into what

Parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous system

48

What are the type of neuron that carries impulses toward the brain and spinal cord

Motor

49

What is the main function of the respiratory system

To deliver oxygen to the body

50

What is a roll of the digestive system

Provide nutrition for the body

51

Actions of the digestive system

Ingestion, movement, absorption

52

What is the primary function of the endocrine system

To maintain homeostasis

53

What is the primary function of the urinary system

To form and eliminate urine

54

What are examples of an appendage

Hair, nails, glands

55

Axial

Referring to the body region that comprises the head, neck, and trunk

56

What are the 10 body systems

Skeletal, muscular, cardiovascular, nervous, respiratory, digestive, endocrine, urinary, integumentary, reproductive

57

What is the name for chemical messengers within the endocrine system

Hormones