Flashcards in Biomes Deck (34):
What is an area with its own unique geography and climate?
What two factors influence life in a biome?
Temperature and precipitation
How are latitude and average temperature related?
How are altitude and average temperature related?
What two climate effects are typically observed in biomes near large bodies of water?
Greater precipitation, more stable temperatures
What is a combined precipitation and temperature graph for a certain biome?
What is the process by which a plant or animal community successfully gives way to another until a stable climax is reached?
Where does primary succession occurs?
In essentially lifeless areas
When does secondary succession occur?
After a disturbance that reduced the population of the initial inhabitants
What is the dissolved salt content in water?
What is a measure for water clarity?
What are free floating or weakly swimming organisms?
What's the difference between phytoplankton and zooplankton?
Phytoplankton are producers and zooplankton are consumers
What are strong swimming organisms or consumers?
What are bottom dwellers?
What type of ecosystem contains standing water?
What type of ecosystem contains running water?
What is the zone of a freshwater lake near the shore that contains shallow sunlit waters?
What is the zone of freshwater lakes where the water is sunlit, but further away from the shore?
What is the area near the bottom of the lake that is inhabited mostly by decomposers feeding from detritus from above?
What is a lake low in nutrients?
What is a lake containing greater concentrations of nutrients?
What is a narrow channel of water that often begins in mountainous areas where water moved rapidly across rocks and down waterfalls?
What are nonpermanent bodies of freshwater?
What is a wetland without trees?
What is a wetland with trees?
What is a wetland characterized by plants that produce an acidic secretion that slows down decomposition?
What is a coastal wetland regularly flooded by tides and dominated by herbs, grasses, and shrubs (no trees)?
What is a wetland with narrow-leaved plants that make it look like an underwater grassland?
Sea grass bed
What is a wetland with trees that have evolved to survive in high-salt, low-oxygen water?
Corals polyps build hard skeletons made of what?
What is a ridge of rock in the sea formed by the growth and deposit of coral?
What is the depth to which light penetrates?