Flashcards in Biomolecules Deck (11):
What types of atoms are the majority of living systems made up of?
What are the four major classes of biomolecules?
3) Nucleic Acids
What are the three components of nucleic acids?
1) Phosphoryl group(s)
2) Five-carbon sugar
What are the two types of five-carbon sugars that comprise nucleic acids?
1) Deoxyribose (in DNA)
2) Ribose (in RNA)
Which type of biomolecule stores and transfers genetic information?
Which type of biomolecule is a polymer of amino acids and is used in signaling/receptors, structure, motility, the immune system, and enzymes?
What are proteins?
Polymers of amino acids
What are the pyrimidine bases in nucleic acids?
Cytosine, Thymine, and Uracil
What are the purine bases in nucleic acids?
Adenine and guanine
What types of biomolecules are amphipathic (i.e., have a hydrophobic and a hydrophilic region)?