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Flashcards in Biotechnology Deck (13)
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1

Human Genome Project

Scientific project that determined the nucleotide sequence of all the DNA in the human genome

2

Benefits from READING DNA sequences

- diagnose and treat genetic illness
- DNA finger printing
- personal identification
- medications tailored to your DNA

3

Benefits of recombinant DNA

Combinations of DNA from different creatures; genetically engineered cells used to make medications

4

Why place a human gene into a bacterial cell?

Human genes provide to recipe for protein synthesis; bacteria will replicate/duplicate the protein

5

Insulin

Diabetes

6

Humira

Arthritis; autoimmune diseases

7

Factor 8

Blood clotting medication; hemophilia

8

Herceptin

Breast cancer treatment

9

Gene Therapy

Inserting new DNA directly into a patient; New DNA grows proteins within the patient

Vs

use of recombinant medications; human proteins are replicated in bacterial cells, manufactured and ingested

10

Nuclear Transfer

Removing the nucleus from an egg cell and replacing it with a body cell

11

Reproductive Cloning

The modified egg cell is placed into the womb of a female where it develops into a genetic clone of the organisms who’s body cell replaced the nucleus

12

Therapeutic Cloning

The embryonic stem cells are extracted from the embryo; the stem cells are grown in a lab and can assimilate with any body cells they are placed near

13

Adult Stem Cells

Taking cells from one part of the body and placing them near other body cells, which they eventually become