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Flashcards in Block 1 Deck (38):
1

What is the association between lymph nodes with light patches in a sea of darker lymphs?

Starry Sky = Burkitt's Lymphoma t8:14

2

How does abciximab work?

It blocks GPIIb/IIIa and decreases platelet aggregation

3

What other conditions (2) can sarcoidosis look very similar to?

Pulmonary HTN and MTB

4

What is a major side effect of bleomycin?

Restrictive lung disease

5

Other than HTN and Hypokalemia, what condition is spironolactone good for?

PCOS

6

What conditions are associated with MEN 1

Parathyroid tumors, Pancreatic Insulinomas, and pituitary adenomas

7

Mixed alkalosis/acidosis can look very close to...

normal blood gas readings

8

What variable will be changed if more protein leaks into Bowman's Capsule

The oncotic pressure will be increased

9

What genetic malfunction are osteosarcomas associated with?

Rb

10

What is one thing that is not part of normal grief?

Suicidal thoughts

11

What makes confirming TB in an immunocompromised person more difficult?

Their PPD can be negative.

12

What are aschoff bodies (non-caseating granulomas) associated with?

Rheumatic heart disease

13

What is one vitamin deficiency that can occur after treatment with Abx?

Vitamin K

14

If a person with G- sepsis has an elevated D-Dimer they are experiencing...

DIC

15

What hormone is reqd for normal male external genitalia?

Dihydrotestosterone

16

A reduction in PO4 excretion leads to...

Secondary hyperparathyroidism

17

Hemorrhagic disease of the newborn is due to ______ and has _______ and ________

Vitamin K deficiency, Inc. PT, aPTT

18

What is one way to increase the murmur of marfan's?

Valsalva maneuver

19

Paget's disease of the bone can have normal chemistries except for...

Alk. Phos

20

BNP can be elevated in severe paget's disease

Don't forget!

21

What ADE can metoclopramide cause due to its D2 antagonism?

EPS

22

What side effects can milk of magnesia cause?

Pre-renal Renal Failure and diarrhea

23

Name 3 drugs used to Tx H. Pylori

PPI, Clarithromycin, and amoxicillin

24

What tract does referred pain travel through?

Dorsal horn medial lemniscus

25

What is one congenital genetic defect that is associated with testicular cancer?

XXY (Kleinfelter's)

26

What is the treatment for a carcinoid tumor?

Octreotide

27

Where do carcinoid tumors arise (mostly)?

The small intestine

28

What heart defect is associated with carcinoid syndrome?

Tricuspid regurgitation

29

What is one major side effect of isoniazid?

Lupus like syndrome

30

How does isoniazid work?

Blocks mycolic acid synthesis

31

What condition is a speckled iris associated with?

Down Syndrome

32

What group of patients is particularly pre-disposed to duodenal atresia (Double-bubble sign)?

Down Syndrome patients

33

Is Goodpasture's syndrome associated with hematuria?

Yes, but generally microscopic

34

How does early GERD present?

Reflux esophagitis (not metaplasia)

35

A deficit in class switching will lead to what immunological problem?

Hyper IgM syndrome

36

What is one way to treat leprosy?

IFN-gamma

37

What is a drug of choice in diabetic nephropathy?

ACE inhibitors

38

What is one side effect of B-agonists that can be beneficial if peaked T-waves are seen?

It forces potassium to shift into the cells