Block 2 Chp. 3 Integumentary System Flashcards Preview

Med Term > Block 2 Chp. 3 Integumentary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Block 2 Chp. 3 Integumentary System Deck (164):
1

adip/o

fat

2

lip/o

fat

3

steat/o

fat

4

derm/o

skin

5

dermat/o

skin

6

cutane/o

skin

7

erythr/o

red

8

hidr/o

sweat

9

hist/o, histi/o

tissue

10

kerat/o

hard

11

leuk/o

white

12

melan/o

black

13

myc/o

fungus

14

onych/o

nail

15

plas/o

formation

16

purpur/o

purple

17

scler/o

hard

18

seb/o

sebum (oil)

19

squam/o

scale

20

trich/o

hair

21

xanth/o

yellow

22

xer/o

dry

23

cells covering external and internal surfaces of the body

epithelium

24

thin outer layer of the skin

epidermis

25

flat, scale-like epithelial cells comprising the outermost epidermis

squamous cell layer

26

deepest layer of epidermis

basal layer

27

cell in the basal layer that gives color to the skin

melanocyte

28

dark brown to black pigment contained in melanocytes

melanin

29

dense, fibrous connective tissue layer of the skin, also known as corium

dermis

30

oil glands in the skin

sebaceous glands

31

oily substance secreted by the sebaceous glands

sebum

32

sweat glands

sudoriferous glands

33

connective and adipose tissue layer just under the dermis

subcutaneous layer

34

protein substance in skin and connective tissue

collagen

35

outgrowth of the skin composed of keratin

hair

36

outgrowth of the skin, composed of keratin, at the end of each finger and toe

nail

37

hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair and nails

keratin

38

an area of pathologically altered tissue; the two types of these are primary and secondary

lesion

39

lesions arising from previously normal skin

primary lesions

40

a flat, discolored spot on the skin up to 1cm across (eg, a freckle)

macule, macula

41

a flat, discolored area on the skin larger than 1 cm (eg, vitiligo)

patch

42

a solid mass on the skin up to 0.5 cm in diameter (eg, a nevus [mole])

papule

43

a solid mass greater than 1 cm in diameter and limited to the surface of the skin

plaque

44

a solid mass greater than 1 cm that extends deeper into the epidermis

nodule

45

a solid mass larger than 1-2 cm

tumor

46

an area of localized skin edema (eg, a hive)

wheal

47

little bladder; an elevated, fluid-filled sac (blister) within or under the epidermis up to 0.5 cm in diameter (eg, a fever blister)

vesicle

48

a blister larger than 0.5 cm (eg, a second-degree burn)

bulla

49

a pus-filled sac (eg, a pimple)

pustule

50

lesions that result in changes in primary lesions

secondary lesions

51

gnawed away; loss of superficial epidermis, leaving an area of moisture but no bleeding (eg, area of moisture after rupture of a vesicle)

erosion

52

an open sore on the skin or mucous membrane than can bleed and scar; sometimes accompanied by infection (eg, decubitus ulcer)

ulcer

53

a scratch mark

excoriation

54

a linear crack in the skin

fissure

55

a thin flake of exfoliated epidermis (eg, dandruff)

scale

56

a dried residue of serum (body liquid), pus, or blood on the skin (eg, as seen in impetigo)

crust

57

lesions of a blood vessel

vascular lesions

58

a small, round, bright red blood vessel tumor on the skin, often on the trunk of the elderly

cherry angioma

59

a tiny, red blood vessel lesion formed by the dilation of a group of blood vessels radiating from a central arteriole, most commonly on the face, neck, or chest

telangiectasia, spider angioma

60

purpura; lesions resulting from hemorrhages into the skin

purpuric lesions

61

spot; reddish-brown, minute hemorrhagic spots on the skin that indicate a bleeding tendency; a small purpura

petechia

62

bruise; a black and blue mark; a large purpura

ecchymosis

63

a mark left by the healing of a sore or wound, showing the replacement of destroyed tissue by fibrous tissue

cicatrix of the skin

64

an abnormal overgrowth of scar tissue that is thick and irregular

keloid

65

skin tumors arising from the epidermis

epidermal tumors

66

a congenital malformation on the skin that can be epidermal or vascular; also called a mole

nevus

67

a mole with precancerous changes

dysplastic nevus

68

an epidermal rumor caused by a papilloma virus, also called a wart

verruca

69

baldness; natural or unnatural deficiency of hair

alopecia

70

a plug of sebum (oil) within the opening of a hair follicle

comedo, comedos, comedones

71

a comedo below the skin surface, with a white center (whitehead)

closed comedo

72

a comedo open to the skin surface, with a black center caused by the presence of melanin exposed to air (blackhead)

open comedo

73

appearance of a skin lesion

eruption

74

redness of skin

erythema

75

severe itching

pruritus

76

a general term for skin eruption, most often associated with communicable disease

rash

77

skin color resulting from the presence of melanin

skin pigmentation

78

loss of melanin pigment in the skin

depigmentation

79

areas of skin lacking color because of deficient amounts of melanin

hypopigmentation

80

darkened areas of skin caused by excessive amounts of melanin

hyperpigmentation

81

production of purulent matter (pus)

suppuration

82

hives; an eruption of wheals on the skin accompanied by itching

urticaria

83

dry skin

xeroderma

84

inflammation of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin, evidenced by comedones (blackheads), pustules, or nodules on the skin

acne

85

a hereditary condition characterized by a partial or total lack of melanin pigment (particularly in the eyes, skin, and hair)

albinism

86

injury to body tissue caused by heat, chemicals, electricity, radiation, or gases

burn

87

a burn involving only the epidermis; characterized by erythema and hyperesthesia (excessive sensation)

first degree burn

88

a burn involving the epidermis and the dermis; characterized by erythema, hyperesthesia (excessive sensation), and vesications (blisters)

second degree burn

89

a burn involving all layer of the skin; characterized by the destruction of the epidermis and dermis, with damage or destruction of subcutaneous tissue

third degree burn

90

inflammation of the skin characterized by erythema, pruritus, and various lesions

dermatitis

91

any disorder of the skin

dermatosis

92

an eruption of the skin caused by a viral disease

exanthematous viral disease

93

reddish; German measles

rubella

94

reddish; 14-day measles

rubeola

95

a tiny spot; chickenpox

varicella

96

to boil out; often used interchangeably with dermatitis to denote a skin condition characterized by the appearance of inflamed, swollen papules and vesicles that crust and scale, often with sensations of itching and burning

eczema

97

boil; a painful nodule formed in the skin by inflammation originating in a hair follicle; caused by staphylococcosis

furuncle

98

a skin infection consisting of cluster of furuncles

carbuncle

99

a localized collection of pus in a cavity formed by the inflammation of surrounding tissues, which heals when drained or excised

abscess

100

an eating sore; death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply

gangrene

101

transient viral vesicles that infect the facial area, especially the mouth and nose

herpes simplex virus type 1

102

sexually transmitted, ulcer-like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa; after initial infection, the virus lies dormant in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress

herpes simplex virus type 2

103

a viral disease affecting the peripheral nerves characterized by painful blisters that spread over the skin following affected nerves, usually unilateral; also known as shingles

herpes zoster

104

a highly contagious, bacterial skin inflammation marked by pustules that rupture and become crusted, most often around the mouth and nostrils

impetigo

105

thickened areas of epidermis

keratoses

106

localized thickening of the skin caused by excessive exposure to sunlight, a known precursor to cancer

actinic (or solar) keratoses

107

benign, wart-like tumors; more common on elderly skin

seborrheic keratoses

108

a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of various parts of the body

lupus

109

limited to the skin; evidenced by a characteristic rash, especially on the face, neck, and scalp

cutaneous lupus

110

a more sever from of lupus involving the skin, joints, and often vital organs

systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

111

skin cancer

malignant cutaneous neoplasm

112

malignant tumor of the squamous epithelium

squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)

113

malignant tumor of the basal layer of the epidermis; the most common type of skin cancer

basal cell carcinoma (BCC)

114

malignant tumor composed of melanocytes

malignant melanoma

115

malignant tumor of the walls of blood vessels, appearing as painless, dark bluish-purple plaques on the skin; often spreads to the lymph nodes and internal organs; commonly seen in patients with HIV/AIDS

Kaposi sarcoma

116

inflammation of the fingernail or toenail

onychia

117

inflammation of the nail fold

paronychia

118

infestation with lice that causes itching and dermatitis

pediculosis

119

head lice

pediculosis capitis

120

lice that generally infect the pubic regions and sometimes also hair of the axilla, eyebrows, eyelashes, beard, or other hairy body surfaces; also called crabs

pediculosis pubis

121

itching; a chronic, recurrent skin disease marked by silvery scales covering red patches, papules, and/or plaques on the skin that result from overproduction and thickening of skin cells; common sites of involvement are the elbows, knees, genitals, arms, legs, scalp, and nails

psoriasis

122

a contagious disease caused by a parasite (mite) that invades the skin, causing an intense itch, most often at articulations between the fingers or toes, elbow, etc.

scabies

123

a skin condition marked by the hypersecretion of sebum from the sebaceous glands

seborrhea

124

a group of fungal skin disease identified by the body part affected, including tinea corporis (body), commonly called ringworm, and tinea pedie (foot), also called athlete's foot

tinea

125

a condition caused by the destruction of melanin that results in the appearance of white patches on the skin (commonly the face, hands, legs, and genital areas)

vitiligo

126

removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic pathologic examination

biopsy (Bx)

127

removal of an entire lesion

excisional biopsy

128

removal of a selected portion of a lesion

incisional biopsy

129

a technique using a surgical blade to "shave" tissue from the epidermis and upper dermis

shave biopsy

130

a technique of isolating and growing colonies of microorganisms to identify a pathogen and to determine which drugs might be effective for combating the infection it has caused

culture and sensitivity (C&S)

131

a surgical technique that involves cutting a thin piece of tissue from a frozen specimen for immediate pathologic examination

frozen section (FS)

132

methods for determining the reaction of the body to a given substance by applying it to, or injecting it into, the skin; commonly used in treating allergies

skin tests

133

a test in which a substance is applied to the skin through a scratch

scratch test

134

a test in which a substance is applied topically to the skin on a small piece of blotting paper or wet cloth

patch test

135

removal of tissue after it has been destroyed by chemical means

chemosurgery

136

a technique for restoring wrinkled, scarred, or blemished skin by applying an acid solution to "peel" away the top layers of the skin

chemical peel

137

destruction of tissue by freezing with application of an extremely cold chemical

cryosurgery

138

surgical removal of epidermis frozen by aerosol spray using wire brushes and emery papers to remove scars, tattoos, and/or wrinkles

dermabrasion

139

removal of dead tissue from a wound or burn site to promote healing and to prevent infection

debridement

140

cleaning; scraping a wound using a spoon-like cutting instrument called a curette; used for debridement

curettage

141

use of electric current to destroy tissue; the type and strength of the current and method of application vary

electrosurgical procedures

142

use of an instrument heated by electric current (cautery) to coagulate bleeding areas by burning the tissue

electrocautery

143

use of high-frequency electric currents to destroy tissue by drying it; the active electrode makes direct contact with the skin lesion

electrodesiccation

144

to lighten; use of long, high-frequency, electric sparks to destroy tissue; the active electrode does not touch the skin

fulguration

145

incision and drainage of an infected skin lesion

incision and drainage (I&D)

146

an acronym for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation; an instrument that concentrates high frequencies of light into a small, extremely intense beam that is precise in depth and diameter; applied to body tissues to destroy lesions or for dissection (cutting of parts for study)

laser

147

surgery using a laser in various dermatologic procedures to remove lesions, scars, tattoos, etc.

laser surgery

148

a technique used to excise tumors of the skin by removing fresh tissue, layer by layer, until a tumor-free plane is reached

Mohs surgery

149

transfer of skin from one body site to another to replace skin that has been lost through a burn or injury

skin grafting

150

graft transfer to a new position in the body of the same person

autograft

151

graft transfer between different species, such as from animal to human

heterograft, xenograft

152

donor transfer between person of the same species, such as human to human

homograft, allograft

153

treatment of malignancies, infections, and other diseases with chemical agents that destroy selected cells or impair their ability to reproduce

chemotherapy

154

treatment of neoplastic disease using ionizing radiation to deter the proliferation of malignant cells

radiation therapy

155

use of sclerosing agents in treating diseases (eg, injection of a saline solution into a dilated blood vessel tumor in the skin, resulting in hardening of the tissue within and eventual sloughing away of the lesion)

sclerotherapy

156

use of ultraviolet light to promote healing of a skin lesion (eg, an ulcer)

ultraviolet therapy

157

a drug that temporarily blocks transmission of nerve conduction to produce a loss of sensations (eg, pain)

anesthetic

158

a drug that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms

antibiotic

159

a drug that kills or prevents the growth of fungi

antifungal

160

a drug that blocks the effects of histamine in the body

anithistamine

161

a regulating body substance released in excess during allergic reactions, causing swelling and inflammation of tissues

histamine

162

a drug that reduces inflammation

anti-inflammatory

163

a drug that relieves itching

antipruritic

164

an agent that inhibits the growth of infectious microorganisms

antiseptic