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Flashcards in Block 5 Deck (26):
1

B-blockers are combined with nitrates to prevent this side effect.

B-blockers prevent the reflex tachycardia of nitrates.

2

How is macular degeneration treated?

Macular degeneration is treated with bevacizumab (Anti-VEGF)

3

What is caused by the loss of type 2 pneumocytes in the lung?

Atelectasis

4

What is the cause of acute hemolytic transfusion syndrome?

Complement mediated cell-lysis

5

How is reaction formation defined?

Reaction formation is the replacement of an unpleasant or unacceptable thought with an emotional opposite.

6

What is the main difference between SCID and DiGeorge?

SCID NOT DiGeorge is a severe immunodeficiency. They both can have an atrophied thymus though

7

What process is inhibited in McArdle's Disease?

Glycogenolysis

8

What muscle enzyme can be increased in those with hypothyroidism?

Creatine Kinase

9

Which organ lies beneath the 12th rib on the left?

The kidney (not the spleen! The spleen is higher up.)

10

How is foscarnet unique?

It doesn't require activation by viral enzymes.

11

What is the most common mutation found in colon polyps?

APC mutation is the most common in colon polyps

12

How do hepatic parenchymal cells control the uptake of iron?

Hepatic parenchymal cells are responsible for the synthesis of hepcidin, which regulates the uptake of iron by intestinal epithelial cells

13

What is the function of isoproterenol?

It is a B-agonist that acts to increase cardiac contractility and decrease systemic vascular resistance.

14

What can left ventricular failure cause?

Acute dyspnea and orthopnea

15

Which chemokine is responsible for the general symptoms of cancer?

TNF-alpha

16

Which bug can cause oral abscesses after an extraction?

Actinomyces

17

Celiac disease can cause reduced vitamin D leading to secondary hyperparathyroidism. What can this cause?

Secondary hyperparathyroidism can lead to dec. calcium and phosphorus, but inc. PTH

18

What is the most common cause of aplastic crisis in sickle cell patients?

Parvo B19

19

Alzheimer's disease is treated with?

Donepezil (Aricept) It is a diagnosis of exclusion.

20

What happens to progesterone levels after ovulation?

They are increased.

21

How is intestinal atresia caused?

Vascular occlusion is one cause of intestinal atresia.

22

What is the main enzymal difference between synthesis of the leading and lagging strands?

DNA ligase is much more active in the lagging strand than in the leading strand.

23

Cherry red macular spot is associated with?

Tay Sachs disease is associated with a cherry red macular spot. It causes an accumulation of GM2 ganglioside

24

What disease is associated with birefringent particles and is exposure related

Silicosis

25

What type of cerebral vascular disease is associated with hypertension?

Charcoat-Bouchard Aneurysms.

26

How does LVF manifest?

LVF manifests with fluid accumulation and decreased compliance.