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Flashcards in Blood Deck (48):
0

The percentages of cells in blood is called the

Hematocrit (HCT)

1

Blood is ____% cells

45

2

Blood is ____% plasma

55

3

Red blood cells contain the protein _______ to carry oxygen to the cells

Hemoglobin

4

There are about _______ hemoglobin proteins in one red blood cell.

200 to 300 million

5

When hemoglobin attack attaches to oxygen it forms ______ which is bright red.

Oxyhemoglobin

6

When hemoglobin releases action it becomes ______ and is a dark red color.

Deoxyhemoglobin

7

The shape of a red blood cell is a____

Biconcave disk

8

Red blood cells are the only cells in the body to lack a ____

Nucleus

9

The hormone, ________, when released causes an increase in red blood cell production.

erythropoietin

10

When a red blood cell is destroyed in the _____ or ______ it is broken down into a green pigment called ______ then into an orange pigment called ______.

Liver
Spleen
Biliverdin
Bilirubin

11

In adults, red blood cells are produced by the _____ tissue lining the spaces in bones that are filled with ____ ______ ______.

Tissue
Red bone marrow

12

The production of red blood cells is controlled by ______ through negative feedback

Erythropoietin

13

02 levels go down EPO levels go up O2 levels go up EPO levels go down

Negative feedback

14

_____ Is needed to carry oxygen in red blood cells.

Iron

15

The normal white blood cell count is______

4500 to 10,000 cells

16

If the white blood cell count goes above 10,000 cells per millimeter cubed it is a condition called ______

Leukocytosis

17

If the white blood cell count goes below 5000 cells per millimeter cubed it is a condition called _____

Leukopenia

18

Platelets form from a large cell called a

Megakorocyte

19

Platelets form in response to the hormone ______

Thrombopoiten

20

The bone marrow stem cell called ______ gives rise to all types of blood cells

Hemocytoblast

21

Plasma helps regulate water movement between _____ and _____.

Blood and tissue

22

Maintain colloid osmotic pressure

Albumins

23

Transport lipids and fat-soluble vitamins

Globulins

24

Please key role in blood coagulation

Fibrinogen

25

Amino acids simple sugars nucleotides and lipids are all nutrients found

Plasma

26

02 CO2 and nitrogen are all gases found in

Plasma

27

Plasma contains amino acids urea and uric acid which are all

Nonprotein nitrogenous substances

28

Sodium potassium calcium magnesium chloride bicarbonate phosphate and sulfate ions are all _____ found in plasma

Electrolytes

29

The stoppage of bleeding is called

Homeostasis

30

Vasospasm serotonin and coagulation are the

Three types of homeostasis

31

The element _____ is required in order for the blood coagulate properly

CA +2

32

An abnormally formed blood clot is called a

Thrombus

33

When a thrombus begins to move it is called an

Embolus

34

The actual name for antibodies is

Aglutinins

35

The actual name for antigens is

agglutinogens

36

Agglutinogens are present in the

Red blood cell membrane

37

Aglutinins are in the

Plasma

38

It is unsafe to mix different blood types because

Clumping of the blood will occur

39

The Rh group is determined by the presence or absence of the ____ antigen

Rh+

40

When an Rh negative mother has an Rh positive child she may produce antibodies that will destroy fetal blood this condition is called ______ ______.

Erythroblastosis fetalis

41

Red blood cell

Erythrocyte

42

White blood cell

Leukocyte

43

Platelets

Thrombocytes

44

Blood stem cell

Hemocytoblast

45

Produces platelets

Megakaryocyte

46

Red blood cell production

Hematopoiesis

47

Typical red blood cells that about ____ days.

120