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contris - Clinical Lab Procedures > Blood Chemistry > Flashcards

Flashcards in Blood Chemistry Deck (22):
1

this kidney enzyme is found in striated muscle (i.e. cardiac muscle, brain)

serum creatine kinase

2

this liver enzyme is liver specific in
- ferrets
- rats
- humans
- dogs and cats

ALT

3

this liver enzyme is best for horses

AST

4

this liver enzyme's function is unknown

GGT

5

this liver enzyme is used to evaluate liver tissue damage in small animals

ALT

6

this liver enzyme can be increased with any liver disease, especially that dealing with obstruction
- what else can increase it?

GGT
- steroids

7

this is released into the blood when hepatocytes are destoryed

ALT

8

this liver enzyme is not organ specific - it's released due to cell damage

AST

9

- cow
- sheep
- dog
colostrum is high in what liver enzyme?

GGT

10

the screening test for ___ levels cannot ID particular types of liver disease

ALT

11

this liver enzyme is present in almost all tissues

Alkaline phosphatase

12

increased levels of this liver enzyme are caused by
- liver disease
- muscle inflammation/injury
- hemolysis

AST

13

this liver enzyme is often found in osteo and chondro-blasts and the liver

Alkaline phosphatase

14

with this liver enzyme, there is no correlation between blood levels and the severity of liver damage

ALT

15

most Alkaline phosphatase in young animals is from

(growing) bone

16

in
- horses
- ruminants
- pigs
- rabbits
- guinea pigs
there is not enough of this liver enzyme found in hepatocytes to be considered liver specific

ALT

17

hemolysis and/or lipemia can cause elevated levels of this liver enzyme

ALT

18

this liver enzyme is used in large animals for liver disease - can eliminate muscle injury as a cause to the increased levels

AST

19

AST can be tested alongside what to confirm you're dealing with a liver problem and not a muscle problem?

serum creatine kinase

20

this animal produces high levels of ___ in the liver, but it's not necessarily elevated during liver disease

- bird
- ALT

21

most Alkaline phosphatase in older animals is from

the liver

22

bone and liver problems can increase Alkaline phosphatase, what else can?

steroids