Blood Tracing- The Abdominal Aorta Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Blood Tracing- The Abdominal Aorta Deck (41):
1

As the blood leaves the heart it flows into the ascending aorta and then the arch of the aorta. From the arch of the aorta it flows into the thoracic aorta which extends down to the diaphragm. Below the diaphragm the blood enters the _____ _____.

Abdominal Aorta

2

The first group of arteries extending from the abdominal aorta are the ___ ___ ____, the arteries leading to the under surface of the diaphragm.

Inferior Phrenic Arteries

3

The veins which recieve the blood flowing from the under surface of the diaphragm are the ____ ___ ____.

Inferior Phrenic Veins

4

The blood flows from the inferior phrenic veins to the ___ ___ ____, which leads to the right atrium of the heart.

Inferior vena cava

5

After the inferior phrenic arteries, the next artery extending from the abdominal aorta is the ____ ____, which subdivides into three branches.

Celiac Artery

6

The three branches of the celiac artery are the 1. ___ ___ ____, 2. _____ ____, and the 3. ____ ____.

  1. Left Gastric Artery
  2. Hepatic Artery
  3. Splenic Artery

7

The arteries extending from the celiac artery go to certain organs and from these organs the blood flows through the:

Corresponding Veins

8

The left gastric artery leads to:

Parts of the stomach and esophagus.

9

The splenic artery extends to the pancreas, the spleen, and to:

Parts of the stomach.

10

The hepatic artery supplies blood directly to the liver. It also gives off three branches, the 1. ____ ____ ____, the 2.______ ____, and the

3.____ ____.

  1. Right gastric artery
  2. Gastroduodenal Artery
  3. Cystic Artery

11

All the blood coming from the celiac artery (except for the branch from the hepatic artery direct to the liver) flows to the indicated parts of the digestive system through the proper arteries and from there through the corresponding veins and empties into the ___ ___.

Portal Vein

12

The portal vein carries blood to the _____.

Liver

13

From the liver, the blood flows into the ____ ___.

Hepatic Veins

14

From the hepatic veins the blood flows into the ___ ___ ___ and then back to the heart.

Inferior Vena Cava

15

The first branches of the abdominal aorta are the inferior phrenic arteries. The next branch is the celiac artery. After the celiac artery the next branch is the _____ ____ ____, the artery leading to the small intestine and half of the large intestine.

Superior Mesenteric Artery

16

The ____ ____ ____ extends from the abdominal aorta to the other half of the large intestine.

Inferior mesenteric Artery

17

The blood flows to the other half of the large intestine though the inferior mesenteric artery and from there through the corresponding vein:

Inferior Mesenteric Vein

18

From the inferior mesenteric vein, the blood flows into the  ____ ____.

Splenic Vein

19

The inferior mesenteric vein flows into the splenic vein, which empties into the ____ ___, which leads to the liver, then to the hepatic veins to the inferior vena cava, which leads to the right atrium of the heart.

Portal Vein

20

Along the abdominal aorta, just below the superior mesenteric artery there are two branches, the __________ which carry blood to the kidneys.

Right and Left Renal Arteries

21

In the kidneys, the blood flows through aterioles, capillaries, venules and then into the corresponding veins, the ___ ____.

Renal Veins

22

The renal veins empty ito the ___ ___ ___, which carries the blood back to the heart.

Inferior Vena Cava

23

Just above the renal arteries are the ____ ____, the arteries leading to the suprarenal (adrenal) glands.

Suprarenal Arteries

24

From the right and left suprarenal glans, the blood flows into the corresponding veins, the right and left _______ _____.

Suprarenal Veins

25

From the left suprarenal vein, the blood flows into the ___ ___ ___.

Left Renal Vein

26

From the left renal vein, the blood flows into the:

Inferior Vena Cava

27

The right suprarenal vein empties directly into the:

Inferior Vena Cava

28

Another pair of arteries arising from the abdominal aorta at a point below the renal arteries are the:

  • Leads to the testes or ovaries

Right and Left Spermatic or Ovarian Arteries

29

From the testes or ovaries the blood flows through the corresponding veins:

The Right and Left Spermatic or Ovarian Veins

30

Both the left spermatic vein and the left ovarian vein empty into the:

Left Renal Vein

31

The blood flowing from the right spermatic vein or the right ovarian vein flows directly into the:

Inferior Vena Cava

32

Just below the spermatic or ovarian arteries on the abdominal aorta are the ___ ____, the arteries extending to the muscles of the skin and abdominal wall, to the lumbar vertebrae and to the spinal cord.

Lumbar Arteries

33

The lumbar veins leads into the ___ ___ ___ which carries the blood back to the heart.

Inferior Vena Cava

34

Just above the end of the abdominal aorta is the ___ ___ ___, the artery extending to the sacrum and coccyx.

Middle Sacral Artery

35

From the middle sacral vein the blood flows into the _____________ and then back to the heart.

Inferior Vena Cava

36

The ______ recieves blood flowing from the sacrum and coccyx.

Inferior Vena Cava

37

At its lower end the abdominal aorta divides into two branches, the:

Right and Left Common Iliac Arteries

38

The right and left common iliac arteries divide into the 1._______ and the 2.________ (also known as the ______.)

  1. External Iliac Arteries
  2. Hypogastric Arteries (Internal Iliac Arteries)

39

The hypogastric artery supplies blood to the:

Pelvis

40

The hypogastric veins empty into the:

Common Iliac Veins

41

The common iliac veins empty into the ________, which carries the blood back to the heart.

Inferior Vena Cava

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