Blood Tracing- Upper Extremities Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Blood Tracing- Upper Extremities Deck (31):
1

The arch of the aorta contains three branches. The first and largest branch is called the:

Innominate Artery (Right Brachiocephalic Artery)

2

The second branch of the aortic arch is called the:

Left Common Carotid Artery

3

The third branch of the aortic arch is called the:

Left Subclavian Artery

4

The innominate artery divides into two branches. The branch going upward is called the:

Right Common Carotid Artery

5

The other branch of the innominate artery extends towards the right arm. It is called the:

Right Subclavian Artery

6

Branching off both the right and left subclavian arteries and extending upwards towards the head are:

  • The right branch comes from the right subclavian artery and the left branch coes from the left subclaving artery.

Vertebral Arteries (1st branch)

7

The subclavian arteries supply blood to the:

Upper Extremities

8

At the outer border of the first rib, the subclavian artery becomes the:

Axillary Artery

9

After the subclavian artery passes the first rib, it is called the axillary artery. After the axillary artery passes the axilla (armpit), it is called the:

Brachial Artery

10

Just below the elbow, the brachial artery divides into two branches:

  1. The Radial Artery
  2. The Ulnar Artery

11

Both the radial and the ulnar arteries extend into the palm of the hand where they subdivide into the:

Superficial and Deep Volar Arches

12

The superficial and deep volar arches extend into the:

Digital Arteries

13

From the digital arteries, the blood flows into __1__ and then into ___2___ in order to nourish the cells.

  1. Arterioles
  2. Capillaries

14

Heart → ascending aorta → Left Subclavian Artery → Axillary Artery → Brachial Artery → Radial and Ulnar Arteries → Superficial and Deep Volar Arches → Digital Arteries → Arterioles → Capillaries

Path of Blood From the Heart to the Capillaries of the Left Hand

15

From the capillaries, the blood flows into the:

Venules

16

The venules then carry the blood to the:

Superficial and Deep Volar Venous Arches

17

The blood from the superficial volar venous arches flows into a network of superficial veins, the:

Dorsal Venous Network of The Hand

18

From the dorsal venous network, two large veins extend superficially upward, returning blood towards the heart. They are the:

Cephalic Vein and Basilic Vein

19

Extends superficially from the dorsal venous network along the thumb side of the arm.

Cephalic Vein

20

Extends superficially upward along the little finger side of the arm.

Basilic Vein

21

The cephalic vein extends superficially upward to empty into the:

Axillary Vein

22

The basilic vein extends superficially upward and joins the ____1____ to form the  _____2____.

  1. Brachial Vein
  2. Axillary Vein

23

The blood from the venules enters the superficial and deep volar venous arches. The superficial volar venous arches branch into the cephalic and basilic veins. The deep volar venous arches branch into the:

Radial and Ulnar Veins

24

The radial and ulnar veins combine just below the elbow to form the:

Brachial Vein

25

The brachial vein extends upwards into the:

Axillary Vein

26

Also recieves blood flowing from the cephalic vein as well as from the basilic vein which joined the brachial vein.

The Axillary Vein

27

On the right side, the axillary vein extends into the ___1___. On the left side, the axillary vein extends into the ___2____.

  1. Right Subclavian Vein
  2. Left Subclavian Vein

28

The axillary vein extends into the:

Subclavian Vein

29

The right subclavian vein empties into the _____1____. The left subclavian vein empties into the ____2____.

  1. Right Innominate (Brachiocephalic) Vein
  2. Left Innominate (Brachiocephalic) Vein

30

The right and left innominate veins empty into the:

Superior Vena Cava

31

The superior vena cava extends into the:

Right Atrium of the Heart

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