Flashcards in Blood Transfusions Deck (13)
How much blood can be taken from a DOG
10ml / kg - Jugular vein
How much blood can you take from a CAT
30 - 40 ml in total - jugular vein
What are the requirements for a patient giving blood?
Must not have had a transfusion themselves to give blood.
Must be 3 -4 weeks between donations
No cross matching required for 1st emergency transfusion but must be for any there after.
An ideal dog donor blood type is?
Most cats are what blood type?
Blood volume required by the animal depends on the animal size and it current what?
PCV % in relation to the donors PCV
What is the general rule to raise a patients PCV by 1%
2ml of whole blood per kg of recipients weight.
Dogs blood transfusion calculation
Volume of blood required (ml) = 80 x BW(KG) x (desired change in PCV / PCV of transfuse blood)
Cats blood transfusion calculation
Volume of blood required (ml) = 60 x BW (KG) x (desired changes in PCV / PCV of transfused blood)
What does a blood giving set have extra compared to a normal IV giving set.
What is the flow rate for whole blood on transfusion
1ml / kg hr for 30 minutes, then replace the rest over the next 3.5hrs. Can be infused faster if the patient is decompensating.
What is the infusion rate for plasma
10 ml / kg - dose range over 4 hrs but can be more rapid if haemorrhage.