Blood Transfusions Flashcards Preview

316 Emergency and Critical Care > Blood Transfusions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Blood Transfusions Deck (13)
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1

How much blood can be taken from a DOG

10ml / kg - Jugular vein

2

How much blood can you take from a CAT

30 - 40 ml in total - jugular vein

3

What are the requirements for a patient giving blood?

Must not have had a transfusion themselves to give blood.
Must be 3 -4 weeks between donations
No cross matching required for 1st emergency transfusion but must be for any there after.

4

An ideal dog donor blood type is?

1.1 negative

5

Most cats are what blood type?

Type A

6

Blood volume required by the animal depends on the animal size and it current what?

PCV % in relation to the donors PCV

7

What is the general rule to raise a patients PCV by 1%

2ml of whole blood per kg of recipients weight.

8

Dogs blood transfusion calculation

Volume of blood required (ml) = 80 x BW(KG) x (desired change in PCV / PCV of transfuse blood)

9

Cats blood transfusion calculation

Volume of blood required (ml) = 60 x BW (KG) x (desired changes in PCV / PCV of transfused blood)

10

What does a blood giving set have extra compared to a normal IV giving set.

Filter

11

What is the flow rate for whole blood on transfusion

1ml / kg hr for 30 minutes, then replace the rest over the next 3.5hrs. Can be infused faster if the patient is decompensating.

12

What is the infusion rate for plasma

10 ml / kg - dose range over 4 hrs but can be more rapid if haemorrhage.

13

What are the indications for a blood transfusion?

Anaemia
Clotting Disorders