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Flashcards in blood worksheet Deck (33):
1

the liquid portion of blood called plasma contains water and other substances. The water makeup is what percentage volume of plasma

90%

2

An average adult has:
a. 6-8 pints of blood
b. 6-8 quarts of blood
c. 8-10 pints of blood
d. 8-10 quarts of blood

C. 8-10 pints of blood

3

Blood does all of the following except:
a. aid in distribution of heat
b. carry nutrients from digestive tract to cells
c. regulate the acid-base balance
d. secrete hormones

B. Carry nutrients from digestive tract to cells

4

The blood protein fibrinogen is necessary for:

Blood Clotting

5

The plasma protein that maintains osmotic pressure and volume is:

Albumin

6

Blood contains the following waste products:

Lactic acid, glucose, and urea

7

The white blood cells include all of the following EXCEPT:
a. lymphocytes
b. monocytes
c. polymophonuclear leukocytes
d. thrombocytes

D. Thrombocytes
(White blood cells do NOT include this)

8

The function of thrombocytes is to:

Create a platelet plug

9

Increase number of Neutrophils

Neutrocytosis

10

Decrease number of white blood cells

Leukopenia

11

A condition of too many red blood cells that cause blood to thicken

Polycythemia

12

A decrease number of red blood cells and the amount of hemoglobin is called

Anemia

13

___________is a substance in the blood vessel, may be air, a blood clot, or another substance

Embolism

14

________is the presence of pathogenic organisms in the blood stream

Sepsis

15

____________is a disease that interferes with the blood clotting process it is carried from mother to son

Hemophilia

16

Blood is considered a type of __________tissue

Connective

17

Red blood cell production is stimulated by the hormone

Erythropoietin

18

Which mineral is necessary for the production of red blood cells

Copper

19

What is the average life span of red blood cells

4 months
(100-120 days)

20

The blood element responsible for the formation of clots and control of bleeding is the

Platelets

21

White blood cells combat infection by:

Phagocytosis

22

The heme portion of damaged red blood cells is decomposed into iron and:

Biliverdin

23

Cells from which granulocytes develop are called

Myeloblasts

24

Process in which erythrocytes rupture and hemoglobin is released

Hemolysis

25

_____________is the cells from which the platelets are formed

Megakaryocytes

26

______________can be divided into three stages: vascular spasm, platelet plug formation, and coagulation

Hemostasis

27

___________a clot within a blood vessel

Thrombus

28

___________a clot that has broken loose and is floating through the circulation

Embolism

29

___________a general term for a substance that prevents the initiation of clot formation

Anticoagulant

30

A person with this type of blood_____can receive blood from anyone

AB+

31

Vitamin K is necessary to synthesize the protein:

Prothrombin

32

The clumping together of red blood cells when unlike types of blood are mixed is due to antibodies in the plasma and antigens in the:

Erythrocytes

33

Another name for a fever

Hyperthermia