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Flashcards in bloody shit Deck (15):
1

prothrombin time (PT)

measures extrinsic clotting of blood

prolonged in liver disease, impaired vitamin K production, surgical trauma w/ blood loss

2

activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT)

used to monitor heparin therapy

3

partial thromboplastin time (PTT)

measures intrinsic clotting of blood, congenital clotting disorders

prolonged in hemophilia, von willebrand's disease

4

internationalized normalized ratio (INR)

measures extrinsic clotting function, used to measure coumadin therapy

increased with anticoagulant therapy

5

aplastic anemia

deficiency of circulating erythrocytes and all other formed elements of blood

d/t arrested development of cells within bone marrow

6

pernicious anemia

deficiency of intrinsic factor, which is necessary for intestinal absorption of Vitamin B12

7

neutrophil

non-specific phagocytosis

type of leukocyte

8

lymphocyte

found in lymph - natural killer, T cells, B cells

type of leukocyte

9

monocyte

baby macrophage, eats shit

type of leukocyte

10

eosinophil

releases vasoactive amines during allergic reactions

type of leukocyte

11

basophil

releases histamine and heparin in areas of tissue damage

type of leukocyte

12

leukocyte

white blood cell

13

left shift

high number of young, immature white blood cells present (d/t infection, inflammation = bone marrow going crazy)

14

granulocyte

neutrophil, eosinophil, basophil

15

agranulocyte

monocyte, lymphocyte