BMI & Protein Malnutrition Flashcards Preview

Jason's Metabolism Block > BMI & Protein Malnutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in BMI & Protein Malnutrition Deck (20):
1

BMI underweight is?

<18.5

2

BMI morbidly obese is?

>40

3

BMI overweight is?

25-30

4

BMI obese is?

30-40

5

normal BMI is?

18.5-25

6

Difference between kwashiokor and marasmus?

kwashiokor is lack of protein
marasmus is lack of protein and other macronutrients

7

BMI of 25 for a child is?

not normal: obese, need to refer to chart

8

what low BMI is fatal?

<12

9

waist circumference increase risk for men and women are what number?

Men: >94cm
Women: >80cm

10

what happens to villi in starvation?

intestinal villi degeneration

11

What to use for refeeding starvation?

milk (casein)

12

why do you get edema with kwashiorkor?

not enough protein, decrease serum albumin, so water goes into tissues water than stay in vessels

13

aflatoxin, how is it ingested what does it do?

ingested due to fungus on crops
aflatoxin > liver > epoxide > reacts with DNA

14

what if you give rich food to people who were starving?

they will die due to septic shock, bacteria get all the nutrients

15

adults who drink milk mutate which chromosome?

chromosome 2, reduced lactase production

16

When do you get negative nitrogen balance?

starvation
AIDS
burn victims

17

Cachexia is caused in part by?

high levels of TNF-a

18

which health profession usually picks up bulimia?

dentist

19

3 Predisposing factors for anorexia nervosa?

1. stressful life events
2. genetics
3. turbulent family relationships

20

What is Lacto-Ovo?

vegetarians who eat eggs and milk