body and metabolic changes in the older adult Flashcards Preview

joy's deck for FNP > body and metabolic changes in the older adult > Flashcards

Flashcards in body and metabolic changes in the older adult Deck (11):
1

arcus senilis

grey ring around cornea, NOT associated with visual change
if

2

stasis dermatitis

lower legs and ankles secondary to chronic edema (PVD)

3

red reflex is opaque gray ( versus orange/red)

cataract

4

cataracts

white/gray, gradual onset, decreased night vision/glare of car lights
** Red reflex disappears

5

how to assess macular degeneration

amsler grid
may find drusen bodies - Drusen are tiny yellow or white deposits in a layer of the retina

6

ear changes in elderly

sensorineural hearing loss ( speaking voice affected, high frequency)

7

cardiac changes in elderly

s4 normal ( if not associated with heart disease)
left ventricle hypertrophy (hence s4) dt thickness

8

lungs

fev1 increase, therefore residual volume increase
total lung volume same
crackles normal ( ask patient to cough several times and benign crackles will resolve)

9

liver

size/mass decrease
clearance of drugs slowed

10

colon cancer number 1 risk

age>50 yo

11

immune

LESS likely to have a fever with infection, body temp is lower