Body Fluid Accumulation, Deformities and Malformations, Radiation (Exam 2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Body Fluid Accumulation, Deformities and Malformations, Radiation (Exam 2) Deck (35):
1

The abnormal collection of fluid in tissue spaces, serous cavities or both

Edema

2

The embalmer can identify edema in three body sites. What are they

Within the individual cells
In the intercellular spaces
Within the body cavities

3

Severe edema within the body tissues

Anasarca

4

Edema within the abdominal and/or peritoneal cavity

Ascites

5

Edema within the pleural cavity (lungs)

Hydrothorax

6

Edema of the cranial cavity

Hydrocephalus

7

Edema of the pericardial sac surrounding the heart

Hydropericardium

8

Testicular edema or edema of the scrotum

Hydrocele

9

Edema within the body cells

Cellular or Solid Edema

10

Edema in tissue spaces between cells

Intercellular or Pitting Edema

11

Edema in the alveoli of the lungs

Pulmonary Edema

12

Which types of edema can be directly treated with a trocar?

Cavities containing edema

13

What types of edema can be directly treated with a trocar

Pulmonary Edema
Hydrocele
Hydrothorax
Hydrocephalus
Hydropericardium
Ascites

14

Which types of edema cannot be directly treated with a trocar?

Anasarca
Interstitial Edema
Solid Edema
Pitting Edema

15

List embalming complications created by anasarca

Distension of tissue
Increased dilution
Desquamation
Wrinklage
Leakage

16

What is the embalming treatment for edema?

Continuous method only

17

What are the mechanical aids for treating edema

Elevation
Elastic Bandage

18

What kind of fluid should be used for edema?

Strong solution (dehydrating)

19

How can you tell whether edema is solid or pitting?

Palpation - solid cannot be indented

20

How can solid edema be corrected?

Only with excision

21

How can pitting edema be corrected?

Gravitation

22

With chronic renal failure, decomposition can occur

rapidly

23

This alters the reaction between proteins and the preservative with chronic renal failure

Acidosis

24

The body will appear sallow because urochrome is present in the tissues of this disorder

Chronic Renal Failure

25

Sites of gastrointestinal bleeding may be sites of arterial fluid loss and sources of purge with this disorder

Chronic Renal Failure

26

This dilutes the arterial fluid in a chronic renal failure case

Edema

27

This in the blood and tissues neutralize preservative in chronic renal failure cases

Uremic Wastes

28

This may be caused by uremic pruritis in chronic renal failure cases

Skin infections

29

The substance which gives urine its characteristic yellow color; derived from urobilin

Urochrome

30

List two major problems associated with casketed remains having edema

Severe wrinklage of face and hands
Leakage into casket interior

31

Postmortem evacuation of any substance from any external orifice of body

Purge

32

Similar to purge, but the contents of the purge is arterial fluid solution, not body fluids

False Purge

33

A chemical element that is similar in chemical properties to another element, but differs in atomic weight and electric charge and emits radiation

Radioactive Isotope

34

A chemical element that is similar in chemical properties to another element, but differs in atomic weight and electric charge and emits radiation; an atom that disintegrates by emission of electromagnetic radiation

Radionuclide

35

The application of chemical reagents in the treatment of disease in humans, causing an elevated preservation demand; Weakens index of fluid

Chemotherapy