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Flashcards in Body organization Deck (113):
1

Anatomical position

Individual stands upright w/ feet flat on the floor; palms forward

2

Dorsal

At the back side of the human body

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Ventral

At the belly side of the human body

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Posterior

In back of; toward the back surface

5

Anterior

In front of; toward the front surface

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Superior

Closer to the head

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Inferior

Closer to the feet

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Proximal

Closest to point of attachment to trunk

9

Distal

Furthest from point of attachment to trunk

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Superficial

On the outside

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Deep

On the inside; underneath another structure

12

Medial

Toward the midline of the body

13

Lateral

Away from the midline of the body

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Ipsilateral

On the same side

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Contralateral

On the opposite side

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Sagittal

Splits right from left

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Midsagittal

Divides the body or organ into equal right and left sides

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Parasagital

Divides the body or organ into unequal right and left sides

19

Coronal

Separates tip of nose from back

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Transverse

Separates top of head from soles of feet

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Parietal layer

Lines the internal surace of the body wall

22

Visceral layer

Covers the external surface of organs within the cavity

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Supine

Lying horizontally facing up

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Prone

Lying horizontally facing down

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Extension

Movement that increases the articulating angle

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Flexion

Movement that decreases the angle between articulating bones

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Abduction

Movement of a bone away from the midline

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Adduction

Medial movement of a bone toward the midline

29

Opposition

Movement of the thumb across the palm to touch the palmar side of the fingertips

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Medial Rotation

Turns the anterior surface of the femur or humerus medially

31

Lateral Rotation

Turns the anterior surface of the femur or humerus laterally

32

Circumduction

A continuous movement that combines flexion, abduction, extension, and adduction in succession

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Inversion

Turning the foot inward

34

Eversion

Turning the sole of the foot outward or laterally

35

Protraction

Movement of a body part anteriorly in a horizontal plane

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Retraction

Posteriorly directed movement of a body part

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Abdominal

Region inferior to the thorax and superior to the hip bones

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Antebrachial

Forearm

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Antecubital

Region anterior to the elbow

40

Auricular

Ear (includes visable surface and internal organs)

41

Axillary

Armpit

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Brachial

Arm (part between shoulder and elbow)

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Buccal

Cheek

44

Calcaneal

Heel of foot

45

Carpal

Wrist

46

Cephalic

Head

47

Cervical

Neck

48

Coxal

Hip

49

Cranial

Skull

50

Crural

Leg (between knee and ankle)

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Deltoid

Shoulder

52

Digital

Fingers and toes

53

Dorsal

Back

54

Femoral

Thigh

55

Fibular

Lateral aspect of the leg

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Frontal

Forehead

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Gluteal

Buttock

58

Hallux

Great toe

59

Inguinal

Groin

60

Lumbar

Relating to the loins; part of the back and sides between ribs + pelvis

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Mammary

Breast

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Manus

Hand

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Mental

Chin

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Nasal

Nose

65

Occipital

Posterior aspect of the head

66

Olecranial

Posterior of the elbow

67

Oral

Mouth

68

Orbital

Eye

69

Palmar

Palm of the hand

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Patellar

Kneecap

71

Pelvic

Pelvis

72

Perineal

Diamond shaped region between thighs that contains the anus and selected external reproductive organs

73

Pes

Foot

74

Plantar

Sole of the foot

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Pollex

Thumb

76

Popliteal

Area posterior to the knee

77

Public

Anterior region of the pelvis

78

Radial

Lateral aspect of the forearm

79

Sacral

Posterior region between the hip bones

80

Scapular

Shoulder blade

81

Sternal

Anterior middle region of the thorax

82

Sural

Calf

83

Tarsal

Froximal part of foot and ankle

84

Thoracic

Chest or thorax

85

Tibial

Medial aspect of the leg

86

Ulnar

Medial aspect of the forearm

87

Umbilicar

Naval

88

Vertebral

Spinal chord

89

Vertebral column spine

spine

90

process

bone structure that sticks out

91

spinous process

vertebrae that sticks out

92

diaphragm

muscle that attaches to ribs and vertebrae and forms a dome shape that separates thoracic cavity and abdominal cavity

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pelvic cavity

bowl like imaginary boundry

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mediastinum

divides pleural cavities, cavity within it: pericardial cavity

95

serous membrane

produce serous fluid has proteins and watery

96

visceral/ splanchnic layer/membrane

pertaining to the guts, contents of guts, inards

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somatic/parietal layer/membrane

body wall

98

secrete

produce and release

99

muscus

snotty

100

serous fluid

will not make any noise, slippery to
slide but sticky not to, like soapy water

101

cells

fundamental unit of life, of life

102

virus ?

not a cell, not of life, interact with life

103

DNA ?

it is not life by itself

104

organelles

membrane boundries

105

organelles

without membranes

106

cytoskeleton

serves same purpose of skeleton: rigity, protection, keeps shape

107

cytoplasm

fills the cell

108

plasm

goo

109

cytosol

intracellular fluid found inside the cell

110

lysosome ?

organelle in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells containing degradative enzymes enclosed in a membrane.

111

perioxisome ?

membrane-bound organelle occurring in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells.

112

mitochondria

energy bearing molecule, converts energy, power house of the cell, converting fuel to a usable form

113

non membrane bound structures ?

ribosomes, cytoplasm, microfilament, intermediate filament, microtuble, keratin, centriole, cilia, microvili