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Flashcards in Body Orginization Deck (40)
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Structure: bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons

Function: supports body ;protects internal organs; allows movement; stores minerals

Skeletal system

1

Structure: skin hair nails sweat glands

Function:guards against infections and helps injury helps regulate body temperature

Integumentary system

2

Structure: skeletal muscle,smooth muscle, cardiac muscle

Function: produces movement helps circulate blood and move food through the digestive system

Muscular system

3

Structure heart blood vessels

Function transports oxygen nutrients and wastes; fights infections; helps regulate body temperature

Circulatory system

4

Structure nose pharynx larynx trachea bronchi lungs

Function brings in oxygen needed by cells removes Carbon dioxide from body

Respiratory system

5

Is A group of organs that work together

Organ system

6

Structure mouth esophagus stomach small intestine liver pancreas large intestine rectum

Function breaks down food absorbs nutrients removes food wastes

Digestive system

7

Structure brain spinal cord nerves

Functions controls body's responses to change inside and outside environments

Nervous system

8

Is the basic unit of structure and function in a living thing

Cell

9

A thin, flexible barrier that surrounds a cell and controls which substances pass into and out of a cell.

Cell membrane

10

a large oval organelle that contains the cell’s genetic material in the form of DNA and controls many of the cell’s activities.

Nucleus

11

Clear jelly like substance that fills in the rest of the cell

Cytoplasm

12

A group of similar cells that perform a specific function.

Tissue

13

A body tissue that contracts, or shortens, making body parts move.

Muscular tissue

14

A body tissue that carries electrical messages back and forth between the brain and other parts of the body.

Nervous tissue

15

A body tissue that provides support for the body and connects all its parts.

Connective tissue

16

A body tissue that covers the interior and exterior surfaces of the body.

Epilethial tissue

17

Made up of many different types of tissues

Organ

18

A framework that shapes and supports an animal, protects its internal organs, and allows it to move in its environment.

Skeleton

19

A muscle that is attached to the bones of the skeleton and provides the force that moves the bones; also called striated muscle.

Skeletal muscle

20

A place in the body where two bones come together.

Joint

21

Substances in food that provide the raw materials and energy needed for an organism to carry out its essential processes.

Nutrient

22

A signal in The environment that makes you react

Stimulus

23

Is what your body does in reaction to a stimulus

Response

24

An organ that produces and releases chemicals either through ducts or into the bloodstream

Gland

25

A substance that you get from food that your body needs to carry out processes such as moving muscles

Nutrient

26

The process of when nutrients move from the digestive system into the bloodstream

Absorption

27

A total of 26 small bones

Vetabrae

28

Strong connective tissue that holds bones together

Ligament

29

Type of bone that is hard and dense

Compact bone