Body Planes, Sections and directional terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Body Planes, Sections and directional terms Deck (24):
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Sagittal plane

Any longitudinal plane that divides the body into right and left parts.

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Midsagittal plane

The midline Sagittal plane that divides the body into *equal* right and left halves.

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Coronal plane

Any longitudinal plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts.

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Mid coronal plane

The coronal plane that divides the body into *equal* anterior and posterior parts.

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Horizontal (axial) plane

Any transverse plane that passes through the body at right angles to a longitudinal plane, dividing the body into superior and inferior portions.

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Oblique plane

A longitudinal or transverse plane that is at an angle or a slant and is not parallel to the sagittal, coronal, or horizontal plane.

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Dorsal view of the hand

Posterior side

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Palmer view of hand

Anterior view.

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Cephalad

Pertaining to the head

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Caudad or caudal

Pertaining to away from the head (tail).

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Superior

Refers to near the head or situated above.

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Inferior

Refers to away from the head or situated below.

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What are body planes used for in radiographic positioning?

To center a body part to the IR or CR and to ensure body part is properly orientated and aligned with the IR

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What are body planes used for in CT, MRI, and US?

To identify the orientation of anatomic cuts or slices demonstrated in the procedure.

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Posterior or dorsal

The back half of the patient.

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Anterior or ventral

The front half of the patient.

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Plantar

Posterior view (sole) of the feet.

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Dorsum

Anterior surface of the feet (top).

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Medial

Closest to the median plane or midline of the body.

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Lateral

Away from the median plane or midline of the body.

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Proximal

Near the source or beginning.

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Distal

Away from the source or beginning.

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Ipsilateral

part or parts on the same side of the body

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Contralateral

part or parts on the opposite side of the body.