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Flashcards in Bone Deck (21)
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What is Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis?

Obese boys w/ dull achy pain

1

What is Legg-Calves-Perthes?

Limp (femur head avascular necrosis)

2

What is Osgood-Schlatter?

Knee pain (tibial tubercle avascular necrosis)

3

What is Septic arthritis?

Joint pain (staph aureus)

4

What is Ankylosing Spondylitis?

Ligament ossification=> vertebral body fusion, decrease lumbar curve, stiffer in morning, kyphosis, uveitis, HLAB-27

5

What is a Cauda Equina Syndrome?

"Saddle anesthesia": can't feel butt, thighs, perineum

6

Where does bone cancer metastasis occur from?

Breast, prostate, lung, kidney

7

What is Costochondritis?

Painful swelling of chest joint-bone attachments, worse w/ deep breath

8

What is Disk Herniation?

Straight leg raise => shooting pain

9

What is Lumbar Stenosis?

MRI "hourglass", low back pain

10

What is Osteitis Fibrosis cystica?

Inflammation of bone w/holes

11

What is Ochronosis= Alkaptonuria?

Kids w/OA, black urine, homogentisic acid oxidase deficiency

12

What is Osteogenesis Imperfecta?

Blue sclera, multiple broken bones

13

What is Osteomalacia = Rickets?

Soft bones (waddling gait)
Craniotabes (soft skull)
Rachitic rosary (costochondral thickening)
Harrison's groove
Pigeon breast (sternum protrusion)

14

What is Osteomyelitis?

Infected bones

15

What is Osteonecrosis = Legg-Calve-Perthes?

Wedge-shaped necrosis of femur head

16

What is Osteopenia?

Lost bone mass

17

What is Osteopetrosis?

Decrease osteoclast activity => marble bones (obliterate own bone marrow)

18

What is Osteoporosis?

Loss of bone matrix (not calcification) => compression fractures

19

What is osteoclerosis?

Thick bones

20

What is Paget's Disease?

"My hat doesn't fit", paramyxovirus, increases osteoclast/blasts, fluffy bone, osteosarcoma, increases CO heart failure, deafness, increases alkaline phosphotase alone